In its reply, Interval argues that there is really nothing new with respect to the remaining issues raised by the defendants, i.e., the USPTO examiner has already rejected the defendant's assertions with respect to the '314 patent and the defendants are not likely to prevail on appeal on appeal. (265 [PDF only]) Interval suggests that, should the Court agree with defendants with respect to the '314 patent, at least Interval should be permitted to move forward with the '652 patent.
It is hard to see why the Court would move forward with one of these patents without moving forward on both of them. The Court is not likely to be interested in holding two separate trials.
It has now been more than two weeks since Interval filed its reply brief. The Court has yet to set a date for hearing oral arguments.
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
INTERVAL LICENSING LLC,
WESTERN DISTRICT OF WASHINGTON
PLAINTIFF INTERVAL LICENSING
LLC’S MOTION TO LIFT STAY ON
‘314/’652 PATENT TRACK AND
REQUEST FOR STATUS
Note on Motion Calendar: May 11, 2012
ORAL ARGUMENT REQUESTED
Case No. 2:11-cv-00708 MJP
Case No. 2:11-cv-00711 MJP
Case No. 2:11-cv-00716 MJP
Lead Case No. 2:10-cv-01385-MJP
As outlined in the concurrently-filed Notice of Completion of Reexamination, on April 6,
2012, the Patent and Trademark Office (“PTO”) finally resolved the reexamination of Patent No.
6,034,652 (the ‘652 patent). The PTO confirmed all asserted claims and granted new dependent
claims. The ‘652 patent shares the same inventors and specification as Patent No. 6,788,314 (the
‘314 patent). The ‘314 patent also has been confirmed by the examiner, although because it is an
inter partes reexamination, the Defendants have an appellate right that will take approximately 3-
5 years to conclude. The Court previously ordered that the ‘652 and ‘314 patents should be on
the same track because they share a specification and inventors. Plaintiff Interval Licensing LLC
(“Interval”) respectfully files this motion to lift the stay as to the ‘314 and ‘652 patents (the “‘314/
‘652 track”). Alternatively, should the Court want to wait until the entire appellate process for
the ‘314 patent is complete, it should lift the stay solely for the ‘652 patent.
I. PRELIMINARY STATEMENT
This case was stayed so that the parties and the Court could hear from the PTO on the
pending reexaminations. The PTO has now spoken, and the speed with which it has done so
serves as a testament to the strength of the ‘314/’652 patents. The PTO confirmed as patentable
all claims of the ‘314 and ‘652 patents that were asserted in this litigation. In addition, the PTO
confirmed as patentable sixteen new dependent claims of the ‘314 patent and thirty-three new
dependent claims of the ‘652 patent that Interval added during reexamination.
The ‘652 reexamination decision is final and the Defendants have no appellate right.
Therefore, the ‘652 reexamination has been finally resolved. As discussed below, the ‘314
reexamination has closed, and all claims have been confirmed. The ‘314 is not final, however,
because the Defendants have an appellate right. Now that the ’652 reexamination is final, and the
‘314 reexamination has been closed with all claims confirmed, the Court should lift the stay on
that patent track so those claims can proceed in litigation expeditiously.
II. PROCEDURAL POSTURE AND STATUS OF REEXAMINATIONS
A. The Case Was Stayed On The Eve Of The Markman Hearing
Interval filed its complaint on August 27, 2010, and its amended complaint on December
28, 2010, alleging that Defendants infringed four patents owned by Interval, a technology
company co-founded by Paul Allen. In response to the Court’s directive that the parties submit a
Supplemental Joint Status Report with proposals to streamline the case for discovery and trial,
Interval proposed that the four patents be split into two tracks, each with a different trial date.
The Court adopted that proposal and issued a scheduling order that assigned the ‘652 patent and
the ‘314 patent to a single track because of common issues relating to the two patents, including
the fact that both patents share the same specification and are asserted against the same four
defendants (AOL, Apple, Google, and Yahoo). Dkt. # 178. Patent Nos. 6,263,507 and 6,757,682
were assigned to a second, independent track.
Defendants filed requests for reexamination with the PTO on March 17, 2011. That same
day, Defendants moved to stay the case pending the reexaminations. Dkt. # 198. The Court
denied the motion without prejudice, concluding that it was premature given that the PTO had not
acted on the requests for reexamination. Dkt. # 229. After the PTO granted each of the requests
for reexamination, Defendants renewed their motion to stay on June 7, 2011, which Interval
opposed. (Dkt. # 245, 246)
On June 16, 2011, the Court granted the motion to stay the case pending reexamination.
Dkt. # 253. In granting the motion to stay, the Court directed the parties to submit a status update
every six months and also made clear that it “expects to be notified immediately upon resolution
of the reexamination process of each individual patent, not just at the conclusion of all four
At the time of the stay, this case had made significant progress toward resolution. In
accordance with the scheduling order, the parties exchanged infringement contentions, noninfringement
contentions, and invalidity contentions. The parties also engaged in significant
discovery and Markman-related tasks before the stay, including:
- The parties served hundreds of document requests and interrogatories.
- The parties produced hundreds of thousands of pages of documents.
- Defendants produced some of its source code, and Interval retained seven experts
who flew around the country to begin reviewing the code.
- The parties submitted a joint claim chart that exceeded 150 pages, which was the
result of marathon meet and confer sessions.
- The parties finalized opening Markman briefs on both tracks of patents. Indeed,
Interval filed its Markman brief on the ‘314/’652 track minutes before the Stay
Order was entered.
B. The PTO Confirmed As Patentable All Asserted Claims Of The ‘652 Patent
The ‘652 patent has had great success in the reexamination proceedings. Reexamination
was granted on claims 4-8, 11, and 15-18, which are the claims that Interval asserted in this
litigation. In the first office action, the examiner immediately confirmed as patentable claims 4-8
and 11, but rejected claims 15-18. The examiner later confirmed as patentable claims 15-18 and
thirty-three new dependent claims that Interval added during reexamination.
And Issued A Notice Of Intent To Issue Ex Parte Reexamination Certificate
On April 6, 2012, the PTO issued a Notice of Intent to Issue Ex Parte Reexamination
Certificate (“NIRC”), which makes clear that “[p]rosecution on the merits is (or remains) closed
in this ex parte reexamination proceeding” and that “[a] Certificate will be issued[.]” See Ex. 1
(NIRC at p. 3). Because the ‘652 reexamination is ex parte, Defendants have no right to appeal.
The prosecution on the merits has closed and all asserted claims have been confirmed as
C. The PTO Confirmed As Patentable All Asserted Claims Of The ‘314 Patent
The ‘314 patent also breezed through reexamination with remarkable speed. The
reexamination was granted on claims 1-15. In the first office action, the PTO refused to adopt
any of Defendants’ proposed rejections, but nevertheless rejected claims 1-15 on other grounds.
And Issued An Action Closing Prosecution
1 The reexamination certificate issues as a matter of course approximately 2-3 months after the
NIRC, but after a NIRC the reexamination process has been finally resolved.
In response, Interval added new dependent claims 16-31, canceled claims 5-6 (which were not
asserted in litigation), and distinguished the prior art cited by the examiner. Defendants filed a
reply to Interval’s response, asserting that both the existing claims and the new claims were
The examiner rejected Defendants’ arguments. On October 14, 2011, the PTO issued an
Action Closing Prosecution letter that confirmed as patentable not only the original claims in the
‘314 patent (less the two unasserted claims that Interval canceled), but also confirmed as
patentable the sixteen new dependent claims that Interval added during the reexamination. See
Ex. 2 (10/14/11 Action Closing Prosecution). The examiner issued a Right of Appeal Notice on
December 10, 2011. See Ex. 3 (12/10/11 Right of Appeal Notice). With the issuance of the
Action Closing Prosecution and the Right of Appeal Notice, the PTO’s reexamination has now
ended for the ‘314 patent.
Because the ‘314 reexamination is inter partes, Defendants have the right to appeal the
examiner’s decision to the Board of Patent Appeals and Interferences (“BPAI”). They filed their
notice of appeal on January 10, 2012, and filed their opening appellate brief on April 3, 2012.
Appellate review by the BPAI lasts an average of 32 months. See Ex. 4 (2011 BPAI Performance
Measures). That time does not include any further appeals to the Federal Circuit, a process that
takes another 1-2 years.
III. THE STAY SHOULD BE LIFTED ON THE ‘314/’652 PATENT TRACK
A. The PTO’s Confirmation As Patentable All Asserted Claims Of The ‘314
The issuance of the NIRC on the ‘652 patent and the Action Closing Prosecution on the
‘314 patent constitutes a substantial change in circumstances that justifies the dissolution of the
stay order on the ‘314/’652 patent track. Now that the PTO has confirmed as patentable all
asserted claims of the ‘314 and ‘652 patents, continuing the stay will not simplify the issues or
reduce the burden in litigation. JAB Distributors, LLC v. London Luxury, LLC, 2010 WL
3023163, *1 (N.D. Ill. June 29, 2010) (“Because the PTO is unlikely to reconsider its
and ‘652 Patents Constitutes A Substantial Change In Circumstances That
Justifies Lifting Of The Stay
reexamination decision and subsequently simplify the issues or reduce the burden of litigation,
staying the case is no longer appropriate.”). Maintaining the stay would be inconsistent with Rule
1 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, which mandates that the Federal Rules “[b]e construed
and administered to secure the just, speedy, and inexpensive determination of every action and
Defendants scoured the Earth in the hope of locating invalidating prior art for the asserted
patents. Indeed, a bounty was put on at least some of these patents, with the spoils going to
anyone in the world who identified an invalidating prior art reference. See Ex. 5 (4/22/11 Article:
Article One Partners Launches Public Review of Interval Licensing LLC Patent). But
Defendants’ scorched-Earth effort to invalidate the ‘314 and ‘652 patents has done nothing more
than give the PTO the opportunity to award them the badge of validity.
The speed with which the PTO acted cannot be emphasized enough. Approximately five
months after granting the request for reexamination on the ‘314 patent, the PTO issued the Action
Closing Prosecution. That speed is virtually unheard of in reexaminations, and demonstrates the
strength of the ‘314 patent. And the PTO issued the NIRC in the ‘652 reexamination
approximately one year after defendants filed a petition for reexamination.
B. Waiting To Lift The Stay Until The PTO Issues The Reexamination
The Court need not (and should not) wait for the actual reexamination certificate to issue
on the ‘652 patent before lifting the stay. Because reexamination on the merits is closed, waiting
for the actual certificate to issue would not simplify the issues or reduce the burden in litigation.
Instead, it would only delay the time for the litigation to re-commence with no concurrent benefit
because all claims in the ‘652 patent have been confirmed and issuance of the actual certificate is
a ministerial step. Indeed, the name of the “NIRC” says as much—it is a “Notice of Intent to
Issue the Reexamination Certificate.”
Certificate On The ‘652 Patent Would Needlessly Delay The Case Without
Providing Any Benefit
Courts routinely grant motions to lift stays upon receiving notification that the PTO has
confirmed claims and the reexaminations before the PTO are in their final stages. See, e.g.,
Boston Scientific Corp. v. Micrus Corp, 2006 WL 708669, *2 (N.D. Cal. March 21, 2006) (“[T]he
Court sees no reason to stay this case any further. A substantial amount of work can be
accomplished prior to the final resolution of the USPTO reexam.”); JAB Distributors, LLC v.
London Luxury, LLC, 2010 WL 3023163, *1 (N.D. Ill. June 29, 2010) (“Because the PTO is
unlikely to reconsider its reexamination decision and subsequently simplify the issues or reduce
the burden of litigation, staying the case is no longer appropriate.”); Staples v. Johns Manville,
Inc., 2009 WL 2337105, *2 (E.D. Mo. July 29, 2009) (lifting stay when USPTO Notice of Intent
to Issue an Ex Parte Reexamination Certificate issued); Atlantic Const. Fabrics, Inc. v.
Metrochem, Inc., 2008 WL 3852100, *1 (W.D. Wash. Aug. 14, 2008) (lifting stay because “[i]t is
uncontested that the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office will soon issue the reexamination
certificate”); Rohm and Hass Co. v. Brotech Corp., 1992 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 21721, *7 (D. Del.
July 16, 1992) (lifting the stay because “the information from the PTO confirms that at least some
of the claims will survive reexamination. We know that those claims probably will have to be
resolved in this litigation.”); Purolite Int’l, Ltd. v. Rohm and Haas Co., 1992 WL 220976, *1
(E.D. Penn. Sept. 4, 1992) (lifting the stay because “[t]he PTO finding [confirming some of the
claims] and the PTO’s statistics evidence that at least some of the patent claims will survive the
The Cook Incorporated court artfully made the point that it need not wait for the official
completion of the reexamination proceedings to lift the stay:
As Bob Dylan Sang in ‘Subterranean Homesick Blues,’ ‘You don’t
need a weatherman to know which way the wind blows.’ And you
don’t need a Reexamination Certificate to know that this case is
now poised to move forward. . . . The Court will not continue to
impose a stay over Plaintiff’s objection. . . . . Support for this
result is found not only in classic folk-rock lyrics but, more
importantly, in case law[.]
Cook Inc. v. Endologix, Inc., 2010 WL 2265203, *1 (S.D. Ind. June 2, 2010) (emphasis added).
The same is true here. A reexamination certificate on the ‘652 patent is not necessary to know
that the ‘314/’652 track is poised to move forward because all claims have been confirmed.
Congress provided for judicial remedies to cure infringements of patents. See 35 U.S.C. §
271. Interval’s statutory right to seek a timely judicial remedy outweighs any purported utility in
maintaining the stay on the ‘314/’652 track. Now that the parties and the Court received input
from the PTO, the ‘314/’652 track should proceed to trial without further delay.
C. The Court Also Should Not Wait Years Longer for the Appellate Process to
Although the reexamination of the ‘314 patent has not been finally confirmed because the
appeals process is not over, the Examiner has issued an “Action Closing Prosecution” with all
asserted claims confirmed. The Court need not address whether such an Action Closing
Prosecution itself is justification to lift the stay because of the close overlap between the ‘314 and
‘652 patents. They share the same inventors and same specification. The issues will largely, if
not entirely, overlap. Given that all claims have been confirmed, the best use of judicial resources
is for the Court to lift the stay of the ‘314 patent along with the ‘652 patent.
Conclude on the ‘314 Patent
Alternatively, even if the Court does not lift the stay on the ‘314 patent—and it should—
the Court should lift the stay on the ‘652 patent because all claims have been finally confirmed.
IV. THE COURT SHOULD HOLD A STATUS CONFERENCE TO DISCUSS THE
STATUS OF THE REEXAMINATIONS AND HOW BEST TO PROCEED ON
THE ‘314/’652 TRACK
Interval respectfully requests that the Court convene a status conference to discuss the
status of the reexaminations and to discuss the best plan to proceed to trial on the ‘314/’652 patent
track that incorporates the efficiencies from the Court’s prior scheduling order. Dkt. # 248.
The PTO has now finally resolved the ‘652 reexamination by finding all asserted claims
patentable. It also has issued an “Action Closing Prosecution” on the ‘314 patent that finds all
asserted claims patentable. The PTO’s actions constitute a substantial change in circumstances
that eliminates the basis for any further continuance of the stay. Because the ‘652 patent has been
finally confirmed, and the related ‘314 patent has been confirmed with only the appellate process
left that will take years longer, Interval should now be able to exercise its right to enforce the
Alternatively, if the Court does not want to lift the stay on the ‘314 patent until the yearslong
appellate process concludes, this Court should lift the stay on the ‘652 patent. Interval also
respectfully requests that the Court hold a status conference to discuss how to expeditiously finish
discovery and proceed to trial.
Dated: April 17, 2012
/s/ Matthew R. Berry
Justin A. Nelson
WA Bar No. 31864
Matthew R. Berry
WA Bar No. 37364
SUSMAN GODFREY L.L.P.
[address telephone fax]
Max L. Tribble, Jr.
SUSMAN GODFREY L.L.P.
[address telephone fax]
SUSMAN GODFREY L.L.P.
[address telephone fax]
Michael F. Heim
Eric J. Enger
Nathan J. Davis
Niraj P. Patel
HEIM, PAYNE & CHORUSH, L.L.P.
[address telephone fax]
Attorneys for INTERVAL LICENSING LLC
CERTIFICATE OF SERVICE
I hereby certify that on April 17, 2012, I electronically filed the foregoing with the Clerk
of the Court using the CM/ECF system which will send notification of such filing to the
following counsel of record:
Attorneys for AOL, Inc.
Cortney Alexander [email]
Robert Burns [email]
Elliot Cook [email]
Gerald Ivey [email]
Scott Johnson [email]
Molly Terwilliger [email]
Attorneys for Apple, Inc.
David Almeling [email]
Brian Berliner [email]
George Riley [email]
Jeremy Roller [email]
Scott Wilsdon [email]
Neil Yang [email]
Xin-Yi Zhou [email]
Attorneys for Google, Inc.
Aaron Chase [email]
Dimitrios Drivas [email]
Warren Heit [email]
Scott Johnson [email]
Shannon Jost [email]
Kevin McGann [email]
Wendi Schepler [email]
Theresa Wang [email]
Attorneys for Yahoo! Inc.
Francis Ho [email]
Richard S.J. Hung [email]
Michael Jacobs [email]
Matthew Kreeger [email]
Dario Machleidt [email]
Eric Ow [email]
Mark Walters [email]
Gregory Wesner [email]
By: /s/ Bianca Nealious