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Barnes & Noble Lawyers Up Some More, Finds More Prior Art, and Seeks Letter Rogatory Re MOSAID ~ pj
Friday, November 18 2011 @ 03:00 AM EST

Quinn Emanuel, another fabulous law firm, has joined the team representing Barnes & Noble before the ITC. And Google is in the mix too, filing an objection to Microsoft's request for a shortened time for Google to respond to its motion. This is getting good. Barnes & Noble has filed a truly hilarious compilation of prior art, in a supplemental notice of prior art, which shows me that it's still not too late to keep finding more, if you happen to know of any. And it has asked for a letter rogatory to go after evidence regarding MOSAID, a Canadian firm, and its deal with Microsoft and Nokia via documents and a deposition of the CEO. MOSAID doesn't wish to voluntarily turn over anything.

A letter rogatory is a kind of international subpoena, since US courts only can only make demands on US entities. So letters rogatory is what they call that type of subpoena. It's not a demand, though, but rather a request. That's what rogatory means. Here's the US State Department's explanation of what they are and how the process works:
Letters rogatory are requests from courts in one country to the judiciary of a foreign country requesting the performance of an act which, if done without the sanction of the foreign court, could constitute a violation of that country's sovereignty.
And here's the information specific to Canada. Because rogatory means request, not demand, only time will tell if the District Court will respond favorably and, if it does, whether the Canadian court will agree to the request.

Barnes & Noble is clearly as serious as a heart attack, though, and if this doesn't work, it won't be because it didn't have all the support it needs or failed to try everything you'd want them to try.

Here are the latest filings:

11/14/2011 - 464079 - Agreement to be Bound by the Protective Order of Stacey Diodati and Debra Whitehead

11/14/2011 - 464092 - 769-029 Non-Party Google Inc.'s Opposition to Complainant Microsoft Corp.'s Request for Shortened Time to Respond to Mot. No. 769-029

11/14/2011 - 464093 - Agreement to be Bound by the Protective Order of Paul F. Brinkman, Patrick A. Fitch, and David Eiseman

11/14/2011 - 464094 - Notice of Appearance of Quinn Emanuel Urquhart & Sullivan LLP on Behalf of Barnes & Noble, Inc. and barnesandnoble.com LLC

11/14/2011 - 464144 - 769-030 Joint Unopposed Motion to Take Certain Depositions After the Close of General Fact Discovery

11/14/2011 - 464180 - Agreement to be Bound by the Protective Order of Mark S. Davies

11/14/2011 - 464183 - Agreement to be Bound by the Protective Order of Barbara Castrow

11/14/2011 - 464192 - 769-031 Respondents Barnes & Noble, Inc.'s and barnesandnoble.com LLC's Motion to Approve Request for International Judicial Assistance in Procuring Evidence from Nokia Corporation and to Shorten Complainant Microsoft Corporation's and the Staff's Time to Respond

11/14/2011 - 464213 - Barnes & Noble, Inc. and barnesandnoble.com LLC's Supplemental Notice of Prior Art

11/15/2011 - 464221 - Corrected Certificate of Service for Barnes & Noble, Inc. and barnesandnoble.com LLC's Supplemental Notice of Prior Art

11/16/2007 - 464403 - Barnes & Noble's (1) Motion for Recommendation to the U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia to Issue a Letter Rogatory for Evidence from MOSAID Technologies Inc. and (2) Request to Shorten Microsoft Corp.'s and the Staff's Time to Respond

The last filing on the list is the motion asking the ITC to recommend to the US District Court handling Microsoft's patent infringement complaint against Barnes & Noble that it issue a letter rogatory. Attached in the same document is the memorandum of law explaining Barnes & Noble's position, and that's also where you can learn why it wants what it wants. MOSAID has a US subsidiary, but when Barnes & Noble sent a subpoena, here is what happened:
Barnes & Noble seeks documents and deposition testimony from MOSAID Technologies Incorporated (“MOSAID”), a patent licensing company, to be used at trial to defend against the allegations made in Microsoft’s complaint in this proceeding. Specifically, as part of Barnes & Noble’s affirmative defense of patent misuse, Barnes & Noble seeks the evidence requested in order to prove that Microsoft is improperly expanding the scope of its patents in an attempt to dominate mobile operating systems such as the AndroidTM Operating System (“Android”) that threaten Microsoft’s monopoly in personal computer operating systems. On information and belief, to further that strategy, Microsoft and Nokia Corporation (“Nokia”) and MOSAID recently entered into a series of agreements transferring approximately 2,000 Nokia patents to MOSAID in exchange for MOSAID’s efforts to license those patents (or sue those that do not take a license) and promise to pay approximately two-thirds of any royalties back to Microsoft and Nokia. Microsoft had previously entered into partnership agreements with Nokia, whereby one of the stated motivations for this partnership was to combine the parties’ respective patent portfolios and to coordinate their offensive use of patents to drive out open source operating systems, including Android specifically. Such conduct constitutes patent misuse, which renders the patents at issue unenforceable.

On October 20, 2011, the Commission granted Barnes & Noble’s application for issuance of a subpoena duces tecum and subpoena ad testificandum requiring MOSAID’s United States subsidiary (MOSAID Corp. Ltd.) to produce documents and submit to a corporate deposition about the topics described in the Letter Rogatory, among others. In an e-mail with Barnes & Noble’s counsel on November 7, 2011, MOSAID Corp. Ltd.’s counsel stated that, “the transactions for which Barnes & Noble seeks related documents and information from MOSAID involved MOSAID’s parent company, MOSAID Technologies Incorporated, not the US subsidiary,” and that MOSAID would not voluntarily produce the requested documents but rather must be served with a separate international subpoena. On November 8, MOSAID moved to quash and/or limit Barnes & Noble’s subpoenas, arguing, in part, that the subject transactions involved only the parent company and not the U.S. subsidiary and that Barnes & Noble was improperly attempting to obtain “documents and information in the possession of MOSAID’s foreign parent company” from MOSAID’s U.S. subsidiary.

Accordingly, Barnes & Noble respectfully requests that the Administrative Law Judge grant Barnes & Noble’s application and recommend that the United States District Court for the District of Columbia issue Barnes & Noble’s Letter Rogatory to the appropriate judicial authority in Canada for international judicial assistance pursuant to Section 43 of the Canada Evidence Act or Section 60 of the Evidence Act of Ontario.

So MOSAID, the US sub, said, "Wrong doorbell. It's the Canadian parent company that is involved in this matter, and we, and they, won't turn over anything without an international subpoena." To which Barnes & Noble's reaction is to petition the ITC to recommend that the US District Court of Columbia issue one.

That's how Cravath rolls. They are always very polite, but they surely never back off. If you think they will drop a stitch if you make it harder, forgeddaboutit. Of course, the Canadian court can say no, and here's a case where an Ontario, Canadian court did refuse such a request, with the ruling explaining what bases you have to touch to hit a home run.

Along with documents, "Barnes & Noble seeks testimony from John Lindgren, the Chief Executive Officer of MOSAID." By the way, a footnote links to Lindgren on YouTube, if you'd like to see him in action. There are several MOSAID videos there, essentially aimed at investors, I think. It's a bit chilling to watch all the MOSAID videos, I must say. As I was doing so, I was thinking to myself, This is why nobody saw the dangers of outsourcing all the jobs from the US. They thought they'd make their money on intangibles like patents. And so far, this Canadian company certainly is. The rest of the MOSAID top team is in this video, talking about how they make money. It was uploaded in July, and it mentions that they have a new office in Texas. Of course. Texas. The first video mentions that discussions with Microsoft and Nokia began in March, and in this 3rd quarter financials video, Lindgren talks more about all that. It was uploaded in March of 2011, and he mentions their "new" subsidiary in Texas, so it existed in March, evidently, when discussions began.

Here's a handy video where a Canadian patent lawyer, Jason Witten, explains how US courts figure out how to calculate patent damages. He seems a pleasant chap. Toward the end, he explains apportionment versus "entire market value rule", and it will help you understand why Barnes & Noble is pointing out that the patents are not worth what Microsoft is demanding in royalties. Witten points out that many juries don't know how to figure out software and other tech value, so they've been finding for plaintiffs around 90% of the time and awarding ridiculous damages, whereas judges find for plaintiffs less than 50% of the time. If a mobile vendor had to pay full market value to all the holders of patents on mobile technology, he says, your cell phone would cost thousands of dollars. Thanks, USPTO. He mentions a trend now to bring awards down to more real-life values, as a result, and he mentions the IP Innovation v. Red Hat case as an example of that trend. You can find the ruling (with the jury finding all three asserted patents invalid) here, and all the transcripts of that trial here on Groklaw, if you wish to follow up, as Witten suggests.

Here's a MOSAID video that talks about getting the 2,000 Nokia patents, described as mainly (1200 of the 2,000) "wireless standards essential", meaning you can't be standards compliant without them, I gather, or at least that's what I understood from listening to all the MOSAID executives victoriously crowing about all the money they think they can make. The video was uploaded in September of 2011.

If sharks could drool, this is what they'd look like.

This is all about Barnes & Noble's affirmative defense of patent misuse, which it is accusing Microsoft of doing:

As part of that affirmative defense, Barnes & Noble has alleged that Microsoft is using its licensing practices to improperly broaden the scope of its patents in an attempt to dominate mobile operating systems such as Android that threaten Microsoft’s monopoly in personal computer (“PC”) operating systems.

In the latest of a series of tactics designed to further that strategy, Microsoft recently entered into an agreement with Nokia Corporation (“Nokia”) and MOSAID to share in royalties derived from licensing (or suing those that do not take a license) approximately 2,000 Nokia patents acquired by MOSAID. On September 1, 2011, MOSAID acquired Core Wireless Licensing S.a.r.l. (“Core Wireless”), a company which holds a portfolio of 400 patent families, consisting of 2,000 wireless patents and patent applications originally filed by Nokia. Nokia had previously assigned its patents to a trust, which then assigned the patents to Core Wireless. Microsoft secured a license in the Nokia patents acquired by MOSAID. The arrangement effectively gives Microsoft greater power to assert patents against rival technologies.

The parties have not been shy about the power afforded to them under the deal. In the words of John Lindgren, CEO of MOSAID, “the force of [its newly acquired patent portfolio] is overwhelming,” and MOSAID is targeting “over a trillion dollars of unlicensed revenues” from mobile devices over the next 10 years of sales.2 MOSAID’s Vice President has stated that, “all cell phones and smartphones operating in compliance with certain 2G, 3G and 4G wireless telecommunications standards” practice the patents.3 Moreover, because MOSAID is a nonpracticing entity, the usual threat of counter litigation will have no deterrent effect on its aggressive licensing plans—an added benefit for Microsoft.

Barnes & Noble believes that the MOSAID deal is a key element of Microsoft’s horizontal partnership with Nokia, which was announced earlier this year, and included an agreement by Nokia to replace its current operating system with the Windows Phone operating system. One of the publicly stated motivations for the Microsoft-Nokia partnership was to combine the parties’ respective patent portfolios and to coordinate their offensive use of patents directed at open source operating systems, including Android specifically.4 Microsoft’s new deal with MOSAID—which began negotiations around the time the Microsoft-Nokia partnership was announced—appears to be the mechanism by which Microsoft and Nokia will use Nokia’s patents to attack Android devices that threaten Microsoft’s monopoly.5

The MOSAID deal bears directly on Barnes & Noble’s patent misuse defense. Barnes & Noble has alleged that Microsoft is engaging in an improper, industry-wide licensing campaign to eliminate threats to Microsoft’s operating systems business, and Microsoft’s patent agreement with MOSAID appears to be part of that strategy. To develop these facts further, Barnes & Noble seeks testimony and documents about MOSAID’s business arrangement with Microsoft and Nokia, as well as the connection between Microsoft’s demand that Barnes & Noble enter into a licensing agreement to use the Android Operating System and its coordinated intellectual property strategy with MOSAID and Nokia.

Barnes & Noble has made several efforts to obtain this discovery without burdening the judicial authorities of other jurisdictions. On October 20, 2011, the Commission granted Barnes & Noble’s application for issuance of a subpoena duces tecum and subpoena ad testificandum requiring MOSAID’s United States subsidiary (MOSAID Corp. Ltd.) to produce documents and submit to a corporate deposition about the topics described in the Letter Rogatory, among others. In an e-mail with Barnes & Noble’s counsel on November 7, 2011 (see Declaration of Stuart W. Gold, Exh. A), MOSAID Corp. Ltd.’s counsel stated that, “the transactions for which Barnes & Noble seeks related documents and information from MOSAID involved MOSAID’s parent company, MOSAID Technologies Incorporated, not the US subsidiary,” and that MOSAID would not voluntarily produce the requested documents but rather must be served with a separate international subpoena. On November 8, MOSAID moved to quash and/or limit Barnes & Noble’s subpoenas, arguing, in part, that the subject transactions involved only the parent company and not the U.S. subsidiary and that Barnes & Noble was improperly attempting to obtain “documents and information in the possession of MOSAID’s foreign parent company” from MOSAID’s U.S. subsidiary.

Hence, this motion for a recommendation that the United States District Court for the District of Columbia issue a letter rogatory is required.

__________
2 Interview, “John Lindgren, CEO of MOSAID talks magnitude of Nokia/Microsoft deal”, Sept. 9, 2011, http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=37yzFT9xpys (last visited Nov. 11, 2011).

3 Statement of MOSAID Vice President, Dr. Nima Ahmadvand, “MOSAID acquires 2,000 Nokia Wireless Patents”, Sept. 13, 2011, http://www.youtube.com/ watch?v=Bdq3_jtOy_E (last visited Nov. 11, 2011).

4 On February 13, 2011, two days after Nokia and Microsoft announced their strategic agreement, Stephen Elop, Nokia’s CEO, engaged in a videotaped question and answer session after delivering his keynote address at the Mobile World Congress. In response to a question about Nokia’s pending litigation against Apple’s iOS, Mr. Elop stated that:

It is the case, and was absolutely a topic of discussion with Microsoft, that Microsoft plus Nokia, has a remarkably strong intellectual property portfolio. That is something we will use appropriately within the context of our ecosystem, which means both defending the ecosystem from outside attacks, as well as appropriately ensuring that the value that we’ve created through our patents are properly collected from other people who may choose to take advantage of that technology.
“Conversations by Nokia: Q&A videos, break down”, http://www.conversations.nokia.com/2011/ 02/22/qa-videos-break-down (last visited Nov. 15, 2011). Mr. Elop further stated that the “[n]umber one priority is to compete with Android which is why as part of the transaction that we intend to enter into with Microsoft . . . , we are contributing assets to the ecosystem from which our competitors will develop competitive advantage against Android.” Id.

5 Indeed, MOSAID’s CEO has stated that litigation is “highly likely” against potential licensees who fight the portfolio before being “convinced to pay the sums that [MOSAID] will be asking for.” Interview, “John Lindgren, CEO of MOSAID talks magnitude of Nokia / Microsoft deal”, supra note 2.

You'll also enjoy the list of supplemental prior art [PDF], which is old stuff like Netscape and Mosaic. The GNU Emacs Manual. Publications written by Microsoft itself. It begins on page 2 and runs on and on and on until page 45. I'm not kidding. I think you could conclude that Barnes & Noble doesn't think much of Microsoft's patents. If anyone has time to do the list as text, I'll happily post it.

But, as you may have noticed, the whole patent system is tilted toward plaintiffs, even when all they have in their cynical hands are stupid patents, and that is precisely what is so wrong about the patent system that a very heroic Barnes & Noble is trying to survive. Like going down a white river. Some people love doing that, of course, riding the rapids. They call them litigators, and Barnes & Noble has some of the best in the country guiding them.

Update: Here's the supplemental prior art filing, as text:

**************************

WASHINGTON, D.C.

In the Matter of

CERTAIN HANDHELD ELECTRONIC
COMPUTING DEVICES,
RELATED SOFTWARE, AND COMPONENTS THEREOF

_____________________

Investigation No. 337-TA-769

_____________________

BARNES & NOBLE, INC.'S AND BARNESANDNOBLE.COM LLC'S
SUPPLEMENTAL NOTICE OF PRIOR ART

Pursuant to the Procedural Schedule (Order No. 4), ¶ 5 of the Ground Rules (Order No. 2), and 35 U.S.C. § 282, respondents Barnes & Noble, Inc. and Barnesandnoble.com LLC (collectively, Barnes & Noble) hereby provide the following preliminary Supplemental Notice of Prior Art with respect to the claims of United States Patent Nos. 5,778,372 to Cordell et al. (the '372 patent), 5,889,522 to Chew et al. (the '522 patent), 6,339,780 to Shell et al. (the '780 patent), 6,891,551 to Keely et al. (the '551 patent), and 6,957,233 to Beezer et al. (the '233 patent) (collectively, the patents-in-suit) asserted by Microsoft Corp. ("Microsoft").

Barnes & Noble's discovery and investigations in connection with this action and the patents-in-suit are continuing, and thus this notice of prior art is preliminary in nature and based on information obtained to date. Although fact discovery is scheduled to close on Monday, November 14, 2011, a motion to take several important depositions after close of discovery has been granted. Accordingly, Barnes & Noble reserves the right to further modify, amend, or supplement this supplemental identification of prior art in accordance with the Scheduling Order, the Ground Rules applicable in this case, and/or any other governing rules as this action progresses and additional information is obtained. Moreover, while the prior art references listed below are categorized by patent-in-suit, the references listed in connection with one patent-in-

-1-

suit also have bearing on the invalidity of the other patents-in-suit because they relate, among other things, to the general knowledge possessed by one of ordinary skill in the art and can be combined with the prior art listed in connection with the other patents to render their asserted claims obvious.

I. '372 Patent

A. Prior Art

  • 11/24/1995 post to comp.infosystems.www.browsers.ms-windows entitled Netscape 2.0b3 1st Impressions; available at
    http://groups.google.com/group/ comp.infosystems.www.browsers.ms- windows/msg/8602c21aced97841?dmode= source&utoken=u1cWIUgAAADdRJqY_P0S
    uDfxNi4Z9xuSleg-tYXS2MURtSjm1DwFncU02o5MxfE5BRk_ lVaLL-DichQ7pGlIEJBR8dFHmiSnXccd9b8p7N6Z-iiZ0oFTBw

  • 11/24/1995 post to comp.os.ms-windows.win95.misc entitled Netscape Navigator 2.0 Beta 3 is available; available at
    http://groups.google.com/group /comp.os.ms-windows.win95.misc/msg/ 46dd346380e35cb3?dmode=source&utoken= riuG1T0AAACn6AG3aRlQNI89iyczJ9SX M1wLGRatfk_VGOenGXhqFRCKZYL7ve7WV4r_e2Zn1S- 3uFh9VErLNglO2zHbFEK4

  • 11/26/1995 post to comp.infosystems.www.browsers.ms-windows entitled Some Notes from Netscape: Beta 3 Availability;
    http://groups.google.com/group/comp.infosystems. www.browsers.ms-windows/msg/ 9898c308c4a63e7e?dmode=source&utoken= BKLg6kgAAADdRJqY_P0SuDfxNi4Z9xuSleg- tYXS2MURtSjm1DwFnfyZ8imBGi145Fwt5NvNMiJG3ebz8WNAOz3oD8X93TP _N7hzTudyT04UxYvjBIzM6Q

  • 12/12/1995 post to comp.infosystems.www.misc entitled Re: netscape 1.1 vs 2.0b backgrounds; available at
    http://groups.google.com/group/ comp.infosystems.www.misc/msg/e9387e3e6fe1f771? dmode=source&utoken=I5tSQTkAAADdRJqY_P0SuDfxNi4Z9xuSgN6JXLI- vEteZzj_rGfjZ6cEz086CYigP1cO9gtpdtDMi70Y- X-_WbdDsWgsFCgj.

  • 1996 `Excellence in Software' Award Winners Named, Netscape Corp., 3/1996, http://home.netscape.com/newsref/pr/newsrelease101.html

  • Adobe and Netscape to Bring Commercial Publishing to the Internet, Netscape Corp., 3/1995, http://home.netscape.com/newsref/ pr/newsrelease20.1.html

-2-

  • Arena 0.96, W3C, http://www.w3.org/Arena/0.96.html

  • Arena 0.97, W3C, http://www.w3.org/Arena/0.97.html

  • Arena 0.98, W3C, http://www.w3.org/Arena/0.98.html

  • Arena 0.96, Source Code

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  • Arena 0.98, Source Code

  • Arena 0.92, Source Code

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  • Arena 0.95, Source Code

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    http://www.w3org/pub/WWW/TR/WD-css1-951117.html

  • Barnett, Guide to Netscape Navigator 2.0, Ziff-Davis Press, 1996, pp. i-292

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  • Cook, Write a Simple HTTP-based Server Using MFC and Windows Sockets, Microsoft Systems Journal, 2/1996

-3-

  • EINet's MacWeb browser, including at least versions 0.98 alpha, 1.00 alpha 2, 1.00 alpha 2.1, 1.00 alpha 2.2, 1.00 alpha 3, 1.00 alpha 3.1, and 1.00 alpha 3.2

  • Fekete, A multi-layer graphic model for building interactive graphical applications, Proceedings of the Conference on Graphics Interface, 1992

  • Fifteen Companies Deliver First Plug-Ins for Netscape Navigator API, Netscape Corp., 1/1996, http://home.netscape.com/newsref/pr/newsrelease73.html

  • Gerber, Browsers on the Wild, Wild Web, Network Computing, 4/1995, p. 54

  • Greengard, Home, Home on the Web, Personnel Journal, Vol. 75, No. 3, 3/1996, pp. 1-9

  • Hardin, MacWeb 1.x available at http://www.ccadams.org/se/macweb2.html

  • Herbst, Webfest IV, A Report of the Happenings at the Fourth World-Wide Web Conference, Internet World, 3/1996, pp. 22-26

  • Holden, Mastering Netscape 2.0 for Macintosh the Complete Guide to Netscape 2.0, Hayden Books, 1995, pp. i-619

  • HTML tags sorted by Navigator Releases, Netscape Corp.,
    http://developer.netscape.com/library/ documentation/htmlguid/tags_complete.html

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    http://www.w3.org/MarkUp/html3/html3.txt

  • James, Official Netscape Navigator 2.0 Book, Windows Edition: The Definitive Guide to the World's Most Popular Internet Navigator , Netscape Press, 1st Ed., 1995, pp. i-657

  • JP 6036070 to Urabe et al. (2/1994)

  • Kaashoek et al., Dynamic Documents: Mobile Wireless Access to the WWW, Proceedings of the IEEE Workshop on Mobile Computing Systems and Applications, 12/1994, pp. 1-6.

  • Kraynak, The Complete Idiot's Guide to Mosaic, Alpha Books, 1st Ed., 1/1995, pp. 193-205

  • Lemay, Teach Yourself Web Publishing with HTML 3.0 in a Week, Sams Publishing, 12/1995

  • Lichty et al., America Online's Internet, Macintosh Edition, Ventana Press, Inc., 1994, pp. i-282

  • MacWeb Developer Notes, EINet, 3/1995

  • MacWeb Features, EINet, 3/1995

-4-

  • Milheim, Authoring-Systems Software for Computer-Based Training, Education Tech. Pubs., 1994, pp. 77-79

  • Morris, HTML for Fun and Profit, SunSoft Press, 1995, pp. 63-72

  • NCSA Mosaic, including at least version 2.0.0 beta 4 (available 4/1995) and all versions available prior to 4/1996

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    http://home.netscape.com/newsref/pr/newsrelease23.html

  • Netscape Announces 'Netscape Bugs Bounty' With Release of Netscape Navigator 2.0 Beta, Netscape Corp., 10/1995, http://home.netscape.com/newsref/pr/newsrelease48.html

  • Netscape Announces Add-on Product Suite for Popular Netscape Navigator Software, Netscape Corp., 10/1995,
    http://home.netscape.com/newsref/pr/newsrelease57.html

  • Netscape Announces Netscape Navigator Gold 2.0, Netscape Corp., 9/1995,
    http://home.netscape.com/newsref/pr/newsrelease42.html

  • Netscape Announces Public Beta of Netscape Navigator Gold, Netscape Corp., 1/1996,
    http://home.netscape.com/newsref/pr/newsrelease78.html

  • Netscape Communications Now Builds on Tradition of Freeware for the Net,
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  • Netscape Communications Offers New Network Navigator Free on the Internet, 10/1994,
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-5-

  • Netscape Navigator 1.1 Alpha 1 for Macintosh, Netscape Corp.,
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  • Netscape Navigator 1.1 alpha 1 for Unix, Netscape Corp.,
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  • Netscape Navigator 1.1 Alpha 1 for Windows, Netscape Corp.,
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  • Netscape Navigator 1.1 Beta 1 for Macintosh, Netscape Corp.,
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  • Netscape Navigator 1.1 beta 1 for Unix, Netscape Corp.,
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  • Netscape Navigator 1.1 Beta 1 for Windows, Netscape Corp., 4/1995,
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  • Netscape Navigator 1.1 Beta 2 for Macintosh, Netscape Corp.,
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  • Netscape Navigator 1.1 beta 2 for Unix, Netscape Corp.,
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  • Netscape Navigator 1.1 Beta 2 for Windows, Netscape Corp., 6/1995,
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  • Netscape Navigator 1.1 Beta 3 for Macintosh, Netscape Corp.,
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  • Netscape Navigator 1.1 beta 3 for Unix, Netscape Corp.,
    http://home.netscape.com/assist/relnotes/unix-1.1b3.html (with linked materials)

  • Netscape Navigator 1.1 Beta 3 for Windows, Netscape Corp., 6/1995,
    http://home.netscape.com/assist/relnotes/windows-1.1b3.html (with linked materials)

  • Netscape Navigator 1.1 for Macintosh, Netscape Corp.,
    /http://home.netscape.com/eng/mozilla/ 1.1/relnotes/mac-1.1.html (with linked materials)

  • Netscape Navigator 1.1 for Unix, Netscape Corp.,
    http://home.netscape.com/eng/mozilla/ 1.1/relnotes/unix-1.1.html (with linked materials)

  • Netscape Navigator 1.1 for Windows, Netscape Corp.,
    http://home.netscape.com/eng/mozilla/ 1.1/relnotes/windows-1.1.html (with linked materials)

-6-

  • Netscape Navigator 1.11I for Unix, Netscape Corp.,
    http://home.netscape.com/eng/ mozilla/1.1/relnotes/unix-1.1I.html

  • Netscape Navigator 1.12 for Macintosh, Netscape Corp.,
    http://home.netscape.com/eng/mozilla/ 1.1/relnotes/mac-1.12.html (with linked materials)

  • Netscape Navigator 1.12 for Unix, Netscape Corp.,
    http://home.netscape.com/eng/mozilla/ 1.1/relnotes/unix-1.12.html (with linked materials)

  • Netscape Navigator 1.12I for Unix, Netscape Corp.,
    http://home.netscape.com/eng/mozilla/ 1.1/relnotes/unix-1.12I.html

  • Netscape Navigator 1.1a1, 1.1b1, 1.1b2, 1.1b3, 1.1, 1.1N, 1.11I, 1.12, 1.12I, 2.0a2, 2.0b1, 2.0b1J, 2.0b1N, 2.0b2, 2.0b3, 2.0b4, 2.0b5, 2.0b6a, and 2.0 for Unix, along with all other versions available prior to 4/1996.

  • Netscape Navigator 1.1a1, 1.1b1, 1.1b2, 1.1b3, 1.1, 1.1N, 1.12, 2.0a2, 2.0b1, 2.0b2, 2.0b3, 2.0b4, 2.0b5, 2.0b6a, 2.0Jb1and 2.0 for Macintosh, along with all other versions available prior to 4/1996.

  • Netscape Navigator 1.1a1, 1.1b1, 1.1b2, 1.1b3, 1.1, 1.1N, 1.2b1, 1.2b2, 1.2b3, 1.2b4, 1.2b5, 1.2b6, 1.2, 1.22, 2.0a2, 2.0b1, 2.0b2, 2.0b3, 2.0b4, 2.0b5, 2.0b6a, and 2.0 for Windows, along with all other versions available prior to 4/1996.

  • Netscape Navigator 1.1N for Unix, Netscape Corp.,
    http://home.netscape.com/eng/mozilla/ 1.1/relnotes/unix-1.1N.html (with linked materials)

  • Netscape Navigator 1.2 beta 1 for Windows, Netscape Corp.,
    http://home.netscape.com/eng/mozilla/ 1.2/relnotes/windows-1.2b1.html

  • Netscape Navigator 1.2 beta 2 for Windows, Netscape Corp.,
    http://home.netscape.com/eng/ mozilla/1.2/relnotes/windows-1.2b2.html

  • Netscape Navigator 1.2 beta 3 for Windows, Netscape Corp.,
    http://home.netscape.com/eng/mozilla/ 1.2/relnotes/windows-1.2b3.html

  • Netscape Navigator 1.2 beta 4 for Windows, Netscape Corp.,
    http://home.netscape.com/eng/mozilla/ 1.2/relnotes/windows-1.2b4.html

  • Netscape Navigator 1.2 beta 5 for Windows, Netscape Corp.,
    http://home.netscape.com/eng/mozilla/ 1.2/relnotes/windows-1.2b5.html

  • Netscape Navigator 1.2 beta 6 for Windows, Netscape Corp.,
    http://home.netscape.com/eng/ mozilla/1.2/relnotes/windows-1.2b6.html

  • Netscape Navigator 1.2 for Windows, Netscape Corp.,
    http://home.netscape.com/eng/mozilla/ 1.2/relnotes/windows-1.2.html

-7-

  • Netscape Navigator 1.22 for Windows, Netscape Corp.,
    http://home.netscape.com/eng/ mozilla/1.2/relnotes/windows-1.22.html

  • Netscape Navigator 2.0 for Macintosh, Netscape Corp.,
    http://home.netscape.com/eng/mozilla/ 2.0/relnotes/mac-2.0.html

  • Netscape Navigator 2.0 for Windows, Netscape Corp.,
    http://home.netscape.com/eng/mozilla/ 2.0/relnotes/windows-2.0.html

  • Netscape Navigator 2.0 Java B1 for Macintosh, Netscape Corp.,
    http://home.netscape.com/eng/mozilla/ 2.0Java/relnotes/mac-2.0JavaB1.html

  • Netscape Navigator 2.0a2 for Macintosh, Netscape Corp.,
    http://home.netscape.com/eng/mozilla/ 2.0/relnotes/mac-2.0a2.html

  • Netscape Navigator 2.0a2 for Unix, Netscape Corp.,
    http://home.netscape.com/eng/ mozilla/2.0/relnotes/unix-2.0a2.html

  • Netscape Navigator 2.0a2 for Windows, Netscape Corp.,
    http://home.netscape.com/eng/ mozilla/2.0/relnotes/windows-2.0a2.html

  • Netscape Navigator 2.0b1 for Macintosh, Netscape Corp.,
    http://home.netscape.com/eng/mozilla/ 2.0/relnotes/mac-2.0b1.html

  • Netscape Navigator 2.0b1 for Unix, Netscape Corp.,
    http://home.netscape.com/eng/mozilla/ 2.0/relnotes/unix-2.0b1.html

  • Netscape Navigator 2.0b1 for Windows, Netscape Corp.,
    http://home.netscape.com/eng/mozilla/ 2.0/relnotes/windows-2.0b1.html

  • Netscape Navigator 2.0b2 for Macintosh, Netscape Corp.,
    http://home.netscape.com/eng/ mozilla/2.0/relnotes/mac-2.0b2.html

  • Netscape Navigator 2.0b2 for Unix, Netscape Corp.,
    http://home.netscape.com/eng/ mozilla/2.0/relnotes/unix-2.0b2.html

  • Netscape Navigator 2.0b2 for Windows, Netscape Corp.,
    http://home.netscape.com/eng/mozilla/ 2.0/relnotes/windows-2.0b2.html

  • Netscape Navigator 2.0b3 for Macintosh, Netscape Corp.,
    http://home.netscape.com/eng/ mozilla/2.0/relnotes/mac-2.0b3.html

  • Netscape Navigator 2.0b3 for Unix, Netscape Corp.,
    http://home.netscape.com/eng/ mozilla/2.0/relnotes/unix-2.0b3.html

  • Netscape Navigator 2.0b3 for Windows, Netscape Corp.,
    http://home.netscape.com/eng/mozilla/ 2.0/relnotes/windows-2.0b3.html

-8-

  • Netscape Navigator 2.0b4 for Macintosh, Netscape Corp.,
    http://home.netscape.com/eng/ mozilla/2.0/relnotes/mac-2.0b4.html

  • Netscape Navigator 2.0b4 for Unix, Netscape Corp.,
    http://home.netscape.com/eng/ mozilla/2.0/relnotes/unix-2.0b4.html

  • Netscape Navigator 2.0b4 for Windows, Netscape Corp.,
    http://home.netscape.com/eng/ mozilla/2.0/relnotes/windows-2.0b4.html

  • Netscape Navigator 2.0b5 for Macintosh, Netscape Corp.,
    http://home.netscape.com/eng/ mozilla/2.0/relnotes/mac-2.0b5.html

  • Netscape Navigator 2.0b5 for Unix, Netscape Corp.,
    http://home.netscape.com/eng/ mozilla/2.0/relnotes/unix-2.0b5.html

  • Netscape Navigator 2.0b5 for Windows, Netscape Corp.,
    http://home.netscape.com/eng/ mozilla/2.0/relnotes/windows-2.0b5.html

  • Netscape Navigator 2.0b6 for Windows, Netscape Corp.,
    http://home.netscape.com/eng/ mozilla/2.0/relnotes/windows-2.0b6.html

  • Netscape Navigator 2.0b6a for Macintosh, Netscape Corp.,
    http://home.netscape.com/eng/mozilla/ 2.0/relnotes/mac-2.0b6a.html

  • Netscape Navigator 2.0b6a for Unix, Netscape Corp.,
    http://home.netscape.com/eng/ mozilla/2.0/relnotes/unix-2.0b5.html

  • Netscape Navigator 2.0b6a for Unix, Netscape Corp.,
    http://home.netscape.com/eng/ mozilla/2.0/relnotes/unix-2.0.html

  • Netscape Navigator Handbook, Netscape Corp., 1/1996,
    http://home.netscape.com/eng/ mozilla/2.0/handbook/ (with linked materials)

  • Netscape Release Notes, Netscape Corp., 1997,
    http://home.netscape.com/eng/mozilla/2.0/relnotes/

  • Netscape to License Sun's Java Programming Language, Netscape Corp., 5/1995,
    http://home.netscape.com/newsref/pr/newsrelease25.html

  • Netscape Unveils Netscape Navigator 1.1, Netscape Corp., 3/1995,
    http://home.netscape.com/newsref/pr/newsrelease16.html (with linked materials)

  • Netscape Unveils Netscape Navigator Personal Edition for Windows 95, Netscape Corp., 8/1995,
    http://home.netscape.com/newsref/pr/newsrelease38.html

  • Netscape Unveils Netscape Navigator Personal Edition, Netscape Corp., 6/1995,
    http://home.netscape.com/newsref/pr/newsrelease27.html

-9-

  • Netscape Unveils Windows 95 Version of Netscape Navigator, Netscape Corp., 6/1995,
    http://home.netscape.com/newsref/pr/newsrelease30.html

  • Padmanabhan, Improving World Wide Web Latency, University of California at Berkeley, Report No. UCB/CSD-95-875, 1995, pp. 1-24.

  • Pfaffenberger, Mosaic User's Guide, MIS:Press, 1994, pp. i-274

  • Pitter et al., Every Student's Guide to the World Wide Web, McGraw-Hill, 1996, pp. i-146

  • Randall, Teach Yourself the Internet: Around the World in 21 Days, Sams Publishing, 1994, pp. 212-227

  • Schwerin, How to Use Netscape Navigator 2.0, Ziff-Davis Press, 1996, pp. i-219

  • Shrikumar et al., Thinternet: life at the end of a tether, Computer Networks and ISDN Sys. 27, 1994, pp. 375-385

  • Spyglass Mosaic (all versions available prior to 4/1996)

  • Tannenbaum, Netscape Surfs The World Wide Web Better Than Mosaic, Network Computing, 1/1995, Vol. 6, No. 1, Issue 44,
    http://www.networkcomputing.com/601/601sneak1.html

  • U.S. Patent No. 5,446,740 to Yien et al. (8/1995)

  • U.S. Patent No. 5,493,677 to Balogh et al. (2/1996)

  • U.S. Patent No. 5,495,565 to Millard et al. (2/1996)

  • U.S. Patent No. 5,499,330 to Lucas et al. (3/1996)

  • U.S. Patent No. 5,528,739 to Lucas et al. (6/1996)

  • U.S. Patent No. 5,530,852 to Meske, Jr. et al. (6/1996)

  • U.S. Patent No. 5,537,526 to Anderson et al. (7/1996)

  • U.S. Patent No. 5,544,051 to Senn et al. (8/1996)

  • U.S. Patent No. 5,572,643 to Judson (11/1996)

  • U.S. Patent No. 5,621,874 to Lucas et al. (4/1997)

  • U.S. Patent No. 5,623,652 to Vora et al. (4/1997)

  • U.S. Patent No. 5,625,818 to Zarmer et al. (4/1997)

-10-

  • U.S. Patent No. 5,649,186 to Ferguson (7/1997)

  • U.S. Patent No. 5,657,390 to Elgamal et al. (8/1997)

  • U.S. Patent No. 5,659,729 to Nielsen (8/1997)

  • U.S. Patent No. 5,675,507 to Bobo, II (10/1997)

  • U.S. Patent No. 5,701,451 to Rogers et al. (12/1997)

  • U.S. Patent No. 5,710,918 to Lagarde et al. (1/1998)

  • U.S. Patent No. 5,715,445 to Wolfe (2/1998)

  • U.S. Patent No. 5,721,851 to Cline et al. (2/1998)

  • U.S. Patent No. 5,724,514 to Arias (3/1998)

  • U.S. Patent No. 5,737,599 to Rowe et al. (4/1998)

  • U.S. Patent No. 5,745,360 to Leone et al. (4/1998)

  • U.S. Patent No. 5,748,931 to Jones et al. (5/1998)

  • U.S. Patent No. 5,761,683 to Logan et al. (6/1998)

  • U.S. Patent No. 5,764,235 to Hunt et al. (6/1998)

  • U.S. Patent No. 5,781,714 to Collins et al. (7/1998)

  • U.S. Patent No. 5,781,785 to Rowe et al. (7/1998)

  • U.S. Patent No. 5,805,815 to Hill (9/1998)

  • U.S. Patent No. 5,815,663 to Uomini (9/1998)

  • U.S. Patent No. 5,978,817 to Giannandrea et al. (11/1999)

  • U.S. Patent No. 6,012,071 to Krishna et al. (1/2000)

  • U.S. Patent No. 6,119,135 to Helfman (9/2000)

  • U.S. Patent No. 6,487,588 to Phillips (11/2002)

  • U.S. Patent No. 6,507,872 to Geshwind (1/2003)

  • U.S. Patent No. 6,789,263 to Shimada et al. (9/2004)

-11-

  • U.S. Patent No. 7,447,738 to Andrews et al. (11/2004)

  • W3C's Arena web browser, including at least preBeta versions 0.93 through 0.98h, beta-1a through beta-2b, and all other versions available prior to 4/1996

  • Web Graphics: Small and Quick Is In, Infoworld, 6/1995, p. 75

  • Wei et al., SAGE: A HyperCard-Based GDSS, 1992 IEEE, pp. 14-22

  • Welcome to Arena 0.98, W3C, http://www.w3.org/Arena/0.98picture

  • Welcome to MacWeb, EINet, 3/1995 (with linked materials)

  • Wiggins, Examining Mosaic, A History and Review, Internet World, 10/1995, pp. 48-51

B. Name and address of any person who may be relied upon as the prior
inventor or as having prior knowledge of or as having previously used or
offered for sale:

  • Individuals formerly associated with Netscape Corp. (address unknown)

  • Individuals formerly associated with Spyglass, Inc. (address unknown)

  • Individuals formerly or currently associated with the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) (address unknown)

  • Individuals formerly or currently associated with the National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA) (address unknown)

II. '522 Patent

A. Prior Art

  • Anderson et al., Instantaneous Combination Boxes Using Presentation Window Parameters, IBM TDB, 6/1994, Vol. 37, No. 06A, pp. 317-318.

  • Berry et al., The Evolution of the Common User Access Workplace Model, IBM Sys. Journal, Vol. 31, Issue 3, 1992, pp. 414-428

  • Berry, The Designer's Model of the CUA Workspace, IBM Sys. Journal, Vol. 31, Issue 3, 1992, pp. 429-458

  • Boyce, Maximizing Windows 3.1, New Riders Pub., 1992, pp. 1-800

  • Brininstool et al., Graphical Notebook Control Tab Scroll Button Action Settings, IBM TDB, 9/1992, Vol. 35, No. 4B, pp. 371-372.

-12-

  • Carr et al., The Power of Penpoint, Addison-Wesley Publishing Co., 2/1991, pp. i-342

  • Carr et al., The Power of PenPoint: Chapters 1 and 2, Addison-Wesley: Reading, MA, 1991,
    http://www.guidebookgallery.org/ books/thepowerofpenpoint/chapter1 &
    http://www.guidebookgallery.org/books/ thepowerofpenpoint/chapter2.

  • Coulombe et al., Visual Two Level Information Categorization, IBM TDB, 7/1992, Vol. 35, No. 2, pp. 189-190.

  • Cox et al., Object-Oriented Programming: An Evolutionary Approach, 1991.

  • Cuthbertson et al., Optimizing Notebook Size to Reflect Dynamically Added Notebook Pages in a Distributed Environment, IBM TDB, 12/1994, Vol. 37, No. 12, pp. 227-228.

  • DE 4236820 to Ricci (5/1994)

  • EP 0336552 to Horn et al. (10/1989)

  • Fitzpatrick et al., Notebook Control Cascading Tab Choices, IBM TDB, 9/1992, Vol. 35, No. 4B, pp. 284-286.

  • Flowers et al., X Windows System, Digital Press, 3rd Ed., 1992, pp. i-914

  • Guide to Programming, MicrosoftRTM, WindowsTM 3.1, Microsoft Press, Chapter 8, pp. 164-188, 1992.

  • Haynes, Multi-dimensional Booktab Control for Graphical User Interfaces, IBM TDB, 9/1991, Vol. 34, No. 4A, pp. 208-210.

  • IBM Operating System/2 Version 2.0, IBM Announcement Letter No. 291-598 (Oct. 22, 1981).

  • IBM OS/2 2.0

  • IBM OS/2 2.0 Technical Library, System Object Model Guide and Reference, Version 2.0, IBM Corp., 1st Ed., 12/1991

  • IBM OS/2 2.0 Technical Library, Programming Guide Volume I, Version 2.0, IBM Corp., 1st Ed., 3/1992

  • IBM OS/2 2.0 Technical Library, Programming Guide Volume II, Version 2.0, IBM Corp., 1st Ed., 3/1992

  • IBM OS/2 2.0 Technical Library, Programming Guide Volume III, Version 2.0, IBM Corp., 1st Ed., 3/1992

  • IBM OS/2 Technical Library, OS/2 2.0 Application Design Guide, The Official Guide, QUE, 1st Ed. Mar. 1992

-13-

  • IBM OS/2 Technical Library, OS/2 2.0 Control Program Programming Guide, Que, 3/1992, pp. i-17-6

  • IBM OS/2 2.0 Technical Library, Control Program Programming Reference, Version 2.0, 3/1992

  • IBM OS/2 2.0 Technical Library, Presentation Manager Programming Reference, Volume I, Version 2.0, IBM Corp., 1st Ed., 3/1992

  • IBM OS/2 2.0 Technical Library, Presentation Manager Programming Reference, Volume II, Version 2.0, IBM Corp., 1st Ed., 3/1992

  • IBM OS/2 2.0 Technical Library, Presentation Manager Programming Reference, Volume III, Version 2.0, IBM Corp., 1st Ed., 3/1992

  • IBM OS/2 2.0 Technical Library, Presentation Driver Reference, Version 2.0, IBM Corp., 1st Ed., 3/1992

  • IBM OS/2 2.0 Technical Library, Information Presentation Facility Guide and Reference, Version 2.0, IBM Corp., 1st Ed., 3/1992

  • IBM OS/2 2.0 Int'l Technical Support Centers, Volume 1: Control Program, April 1992.

  • IBM OS/2 2.0 Int'l Technical Support Centers, Volume 2: DOS and Windows Environment, April 1992.

  • IBM OS/2 2.0 Int'l Technical Support Centers, Volume 3: Presentation Manager and Workplace Shell, April 1992.

  • IBM OS/2 2.0 Int'l Technical Support Centers, Volume 4: Application Development, April 1992.

  • Jefferson, Presentation Manager CUA File Dialog Processor, IBM TDB, 9/1991, Vol. 34, No. 4B, pp. 83-84.

  • Knight, Learning to Program OS/2 2.0 Presentation Manager by Example, Van Nostrand Reinhold Pub., 8/1992, pp. 1-230.

  • Martin et al., System Application Architecture, Common User Access, Prentice-Hall, Inc., 1991, pp. i-337

  • Miller, Using Norton Desktop 3 for Windows, Que, 1993, pp. 1-600

-14-

  • Morgan et al., Backward Compatibility to Native Presentation Manager from an Extended Presentation Manager Architecture, IBM TDB, 3/1994, Vol. 37, No. 3, pp. 545-546.

  • Object-Oriented Interface Design, IBM Common User Access Guidelines, Que, 12/1992, pp. i-668

  • OS/2 2.0 IBM's Challenge to Windows, Computer Technology Research Corp., 7/1992, pp. i-69

  • OS/2 2.0 Information and Planning Guide, Document No. G326-0160-00, IBM Corp., 1st Ed., 4/1992, pp. i-102

  • OS/2 API, see, e.g., http://www.edm2.com/os2api/

  • PenPointTM UI Design Guidelines, GO Corp., Rev. 0.5, 2/1991, pp. i-198.

  • Redpath, System Notebook Visual Rendition, IBM TDB, 7/1992, Vol. 35, No. 2, pp. 225-226.

  • Schilit et al., The PARCTAB Mobile Computing System, Fourth Workshop on Workstation Operating Systems, 10/1993.

  • Schmucker, Object-Oriented Programming for the Macintosh, 1986

  • Systems Application Architecture, Common User Access, Advanced Interface Design Guide, IBM Corp., 6/1989, pp. i-219

  • U.S. Patent No. 5,119,475 to Smith et al. (6/1992)

  • U.S. Patent No. 5,168,441 to Onarheim et al. (12/1992)

  • U.S. Patent No. 5,237,651 to Randall (8/1993)

  • U.S. Patent No. 5,283,864 to Knowlton (2/1994)

  • U.S. Patent No. 5,305,435 to Bronson (4/1994)

  • U.S. Patent No. 5,327,529 to Fults et al. (7/1994)

  • U.S. Patent No. 5,347,295 to Agulnick et al. (9/1994)

  • U.S. Patent No. 5,367,624 to Cooper (11/1994)

  • U.S. Patent No. 5,379,432 to Orton et al. (1/1995)

  • U.S. Patent No. 5,392,387 to Fitzpatrick et al. (2/1995)

-15-

  • U.S. Patent No. 5,416,895 to Anderson et al. (5/1995)

  • U.S. Patent No. 5,428,729 to Chang et al. (6/1995)

  • U.S. Patent No. 5,463,724 to Anderson et al. (10/1995)

  • U.S. Patent No. 5,500,929 to Dickingson (3/1996)

  • U.S. Patent No. 5,502,805 to Anderson (3/1996)

  • U.S. Patent No. 5,515,497 to Itri et al. (5/1996)

  • U.S. Patent No. 5,530,865 to Owens et al. (6/1996)

  • U.S. Patent No. 5,537,548 to Fin et al. (7/1996)

  • U.S. Patent No. 5,542,040 to Chang et al. (7/1996)

  • U.S. Patent No. 5,544,288 to Morgan et al. (8/1996)

  • U.S. Patent No. 5,548,703 to Berry et al. (8/1996)

  • U.S. Patent No. 5,550,563 to Matheny et al. (8/1996)

  • U.S. Patent No. 5,557,732 to Thompson (9/1996)

  • U.S. Patent No. 5,559,946 to Porter (9/1996)

  • U.S. Patent No. 5,566,248 to Ulrich (10/1996)

  • U.S. Patent No. 5,583,981 to Pleyer (10/1996)

  • U.S. Patent No. 5,604,861 to Douglas et al. (2/1997)

  • U.S. Patent No. 5,621,434 to Marsh (4/1997)

  • U.S. Patent No. 5,623,591 to Cseri (4/1997)

  • U.S. Patent No. 5,664,103 to Stein et al. (9/1997)

  • U.S. Patent No. 5,673,315 to Wolf (9/1997)

  • U.S. Patent No. 5,673,403 to Brown et al. (9/1997)

  • U.S. Patent No. 5,721,847 to Johnson (2/1998)

  • U.S. Patent No. 5,808,611 to Johnson et al. (9/1998)

-16-

  • U.S. Patent No. 5,936,614 to An et al. (8/1999)

  • Using the Operating System, IBM OS/2 Version 2.1, IBM Corp., 5/1993, pp i-514

  • Voss, Object-Oriented Programming: An Introduction, 1991

  • Weber, Consistent Dynamic Dialog Box Fields, IBM TDB, 7/1991, Vol. 34, No. 2, pp. 76-77.

B. Name and address of any person who may be relied upon as the prior
inventor or as having prior knowledge of or as having previously used or
offered for sale:

  • Individuals formerly or currently associated with IBM Corp. (address unknown)

III. '780 Patent

A. Prior Art

  • Albers et al., The Audible Web: Auditory Enhancements for Mosaic, Chi '95 Mosaic of Creativity, 5/1995, pp. 318-319

  • Bartlett, Experience with a Wireless World Wide Web Client, Western Research Laboratory, WRL Technical Note TN-46, 3/1995, pp. 1-13

  • Brown et al., A New Paradigm for Browsing the Web, Conference companion on Human factors in computing systems, 5/1995, pp. 320-321.

  • Brown et al., DeckScape: An Experimental Web Browser,
    http://www.cs.princeton.edu/~ras/ deckscape/paper.html

  • Brown et al., The DeckScape Web Browser, CHI 96 Electronic Proceedings,
    http://www.sigchi.org/chi96/proceedings/ videos/Brown/mhb_bdy.htm

  • Carr et al., The Power of Penpoint, Addison-Wesley Publishing Co., 2/1991, pp. i-342

  • Carts, How to put the World Wide Web to work for you, Laser Focus World, 1/1995, pp. 116-117

  • Cheek, Web tools: join those making the Internet work for their agency's mission, Government Computing News, Vol. 15, No. 5, 3/1996, pp. 1-38

  • Cook, Write a Simple HTTP-based Server Using MFC and Windows Sockets, Microsoft Systems Journal, 2/1996, pp. 1-29

    -17-

    • Cooper et al., PDA Web Browsers: Implementation Issues, http://alethea.ukc.ac.uk/ Dept/Computing/Research/STEP/Papers/WWWPDA/, 11/1995, pp. 1-12

    • deLespinasse, Rover Mosaic: E-Mail Communcation for a Full-Function Web Browser, submitted to the Dept. of Elec. Eng'g & Comp. Sci at the Mass. Institute of Tech., 6/1995, pp. 1-43.

    • Finnie, Microsoft Internet Explorer 2.0, Microsoft Narrows Netscape's Lead, PC Computing, Vol. 9, No. 4, 4/1996, p. 79

    • Fleming, Improving the Performance of the World Wide Web over Wireless Networks, submitted to the faculty of the Va. Polytechnic Inst. and State Univ., 11/1996, pp. i-34

    • Gerber, Browsers on the Wild, Wild Web, Network Computing, 4/1995, p. 54 et seq.

    • Gessler et al, PDAs as mobile WWW browsers, Computer Networks and ISDN Systems 28, 1995, pp. 53-59

    • Greengard, Home, Home on the Web, Personnel Journal, Vol. 75, No. 3, 3/1996, pp. 1-9

    • Herbst, Wefest IV, A Report of the Happenings at the Fourth World-Wide Web Conference, Internet World, 3/1996, pp. 22-28

    • Hu et al., Parameterizable fonts based on shape components, IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications, Vol. 21, Issue 3, May/Jun. 2001, pp. 70-85.*

    • Hypercard Ver. 1.2

    • HyperTIES, e.g., http://www.cs.umd.edu/hcil/hyperties/;

    • Ibrahim, World-Wide algorithm animation, Computer Networks and ISDN Systems, 1994, Vol. 27, Issue 2, pp. 255-265.

    • Internet Explorer 1.0 and 2.0 for Windows, along with all other versions available prior to 5/1997.

    • Jefferson et al., Presentation Manager Progress Indicator, IBM TDB, 7/1991, Vol. 34, No. 2, pp. 475-476.

    • JP 7325807 to Kizaki (12/1995)

    • JP 8221401 to Yamamoto (8/1996)

    • Kaashoek et al., Dynamic Documents: Mobile Wireless Access to the WWW; Proceedings of the IEEE Workshop on Mobile Computing Systems and Applications, 12/1994, pp. 1-6

    • Kamba et al., Using small screen space more efficiently (1996).

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    • Kane, Prodigy Interactive Personal Service Made Easy, Osborne McGraw-Hill, 1991, pp. i-251

    • Lauff et al., Multimedia Client Implemented on Personal Digital Assistants, IDMS, 1997

    • Laverty, Internet Primer: Workshop Design and Objectives, Internet Reference Services Quarterly, 1996, Vol. 1(3), pp. 35-53.

    • Liljeberg et al., Optimizing World-Wide Web for Weakly Connected Mobile Workstations: An Indirect Approach, Proceedings of SDNE '95, 6/1995, pp. 1-8

    • Liu et al., Web-based peer review: the learner as both adapter and reviewer, Education, IEEE Transactions, Vol. 44, Issue 3, Aug. 2001, pp. 246-251.

    • LunaSuite Pro (all versions available prior to 5/1997)

    • MacWeb version 1.1.1E (see, e.g., http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=blywSnj4lgk) along with all other versions available prior to 5/1996.

    • Morris, HTML for Fun and Profit, SunSoft Press, 1995, pp. 63-72

    • NCSA Mosaic (all versions available prior to 5/1997)

    • NetHopper (all versions available prior to 5/1997)

    • NetHopper Version 3.0 User's Manual, Allpen Software Inc., 1997, pp. 1-20

    • Netscape Navigator versions 1.0, 1.1, 1.2, 1.22 and 2.0 for Windows, Macintosh, and/or Unix, along with all other versions available prior to 5/1997.

    • Newt's Cape (all versions available prior to 5/1997)

    • Newton MessagePad 2000 Tech Article, Apple Computer, Inc., 1/1997, pp. i-38

    • PenPointTM UI Design Guidelines, GO Corp., Rev. 0.5, 2/1991, pp. i-198.

    • PocketWeb (all versions available prior to 5/1997)

    • PocketWeb WWW Browser for the Apple Newton Message Pad, TecO, available at http://www.teco.edu/pocketweb

    • Robertson et al., Using the World Wide Web to Provide a Platform Independent Interface to High Performance Computing, Technologies for the Information Superhighway, 1995, pp. 1-5.

    • Romano, Jr. et al., User Driven Design of a Web-Based Group Support System, Proceedings of the Thirtieth Annual Hawaii International Conference on Systems Sciences, 1997, Vol. 2, pp. 1-10.

    -19-

    • Schilit et al., TeleWeb: Loosely Connected Access to the World Wide Web, 5th Int'l WWW Conf., 5/1996, pp. 1-14

    • Smallman et al., Information availability in 2D and 3D displays, IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications, Vol. 21, Issue 5, Sep./Oct. 2001, pp. 51-57

    • Spyglass Mosaic (all versions available prior to 5/1997)

    • U.S. Patent No. 4,266,253 to Matherat (5/1981)

    • U.S. Patent No. 5,301,348 to Jaaskelainen (4/1994)

    • U.S. Patent No. 5,467,459 to Alexander et al. (11/1995)

    • U.S. Patent No. 5,479,599 to Rockwell et al. (12/1995)

    • U.S. Patent No. 5,572,643 to Judson (11/1996)

    • U.S. Patent No. 5,630,148 to Norris (5/1997)

    • U.S. Patent No. 5,712,654 to Kawashima et al. (1/1998)

    • U.S. Patent No. 5,715,416 to Baker (2/1998)

    • U.S. Patent No. 5,724,514 to Arias (3/1998)

    • U.S. Patent No. 5,731,813 to O'Rourke et al. (3/1998)

    • U.S. Patent No. 5,737,599 to Rowe et al. (4/1998)

    • U.S. Patent No. 5,760,771 to Blonder et al. (6/1998)

    • U.S. Patent No. 5,774,666 to Portuesi (6/1998)

    • U.S. Patent No. 5,799,267 to Siegel (8/1998)

    • U.S. Patent No. 5,805,166 to Hall, Jr. et al. (9/1998)

    • U.S. Patent No. 5,805,815 to Hill (9/1998)

    • U.S. Patent No. 5,809,242 to Shaw et al. (9/1998)

    • U.S. Patent No. 5,845,282 to Alley et al. (12/1998)

    • U.S. Patent No. 5,864,850 to Nordman (1/1999)

    • U.S. Patent No. 5,877,766 to Bates et al. (3/1999)

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    • U.S. Patent No. 5,907,843 to Cleron et al. (5/1999)

    • U.S. Patent No. 5,908,467 to Barrett et al. (6/1999)

    • U.S. Patent No. 5,956,509 to Kevner (9/1999)

    • U.S. Patent No. 5,969,705 to Fisher et al. (10/1999)

    • U.S. Patent No. 5,973,692 to Knowlton et al. (10/1999)

    • U.S. Patent No. 5,983,005 to Monteiro et al. (11/1999)

    • U.S. Patent No. 6,023,698 to Lavey, Jr. et al. (2/2000)

    • U.S. Patent No. 6,049,812 to Bertram et al. (4/2000)

    • U.S. Patent No. 6,065,059 to Shieh et al. (5/2000)

    • U.S. Patent No. 6,097,390 to Marks (8/2000)

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    • U.S. Patent No. 6,101,510 to Stone et al. (8/2000)

    • U.S. Patent No. 6,182,072 to Leak et al. (1/2001)

    • U.S. Patent No. 6,223,188 to Albers et al. (4/2001)

    • U.S. Patent No. 6,266,082 to Yonezawa et al. (7/2001)

    • U.S. Patent No. 6,401,099 to Koppolu et al. (6/2002)

    • U.S. Patent No. 6,584,498 to Nguyen (6/2003)

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    -21-

    IV. '551 Patent

    A. Prior Art

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    • Adobe Acrobat 3.0 Reader Online Guide, Adobe Systems, Inc., pp. 1-110

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    • Carr et al., The Power of Penpoint, Addison-Wesley Publishing Co., 2/1991, pp. i-342

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    • Chuah et al., SDM: Selective Dynamic Manipulation of Visualizations, UIST 95 Pittsburgh PA, 11/1995, pp. 61-70.

    • Computer Networks and ISDN Systems, Responsive interaction for a large Web application: the meteror shower architecture in the WebWriter II Editor, 1997, pp. 1508-1517

    • Dublin Core Metadata Element Set, Version 1.1: Reference Description 1999.

    • Dublin Core Metadata Initiative: User Guide Working Draft Jul. 31, 1998 1999.

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      v EP 1 016 983 to Schilit et al. (7/2000)

    -22-

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    • Gillan et al., How Does Fitts' Law Fit Pointing and Dragging? CHI '90 Proceedings of the SIGCHI conference on Human factors in computing systems: Empowering people, 4/1990, pp. 227-234.

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    • Igarashi et al., An Architecture for Pen-Based Interaction of Electronic Whiteboards, 2000

    • JP 7006173 to Kinoshita (1/1995)

    • JP 7021159 to Maruoka (1/1995)

    • Kankaanpaa, FIDS—A Flat-Panel Interactive Display System, 1988 IEEE Computer Graphics & Applications, pp. 71-82, 3/1998

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    • Kristensen, A., Formsheets and the XML Forms Language, 3/1999

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    • Leopold et al., A User Interface for the Visualization and Manipulation of Arrays, IEEE Symposium on Visual Languages, 1996, pp. 54-55

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    • Marshall et al., Spatial Hypertext and the Practice of Information Triage, Hypertext 97, 1997, pp. 124-134

    • Marshall et al., Spatial Hypertext: Designing for Change, Communications of the ACM, Vol. 38, No. 8, 8/1995, pp. 88-97

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    • Myers et al., Marquise: Creating Complete User Interfaces by Demonstration, CHI '93 Proceedings of the INTERACT '93 and CHI '93 conference on Human factors in computing systems, 4/1993, pp. 293-300.

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    • Raisamo, Evaluating Different Touch-Based Interaction Techniques in a Public Information Kiosk, Conference of the CHI Special Interest Group of the Ergonomics Society of Australia, 1999, pp. 1-11.

    • Ren et al., Improving Selection Performance on Pen-Based Systems: A Study of Pen-Based Interaction for Selection Tasks, ACM Transactions on Computer-Human Interaction, 9/2000, pp. 384-416.

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    -24-

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    • U.S. Patent No. 5,751,283 to Smith (2/1998)

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    V. '233 Patent

    A. Prior Art

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    B. Name and address of any person who may be relied upon as the prior
    inventor or as having prior knowledge of or as having previously used or
    offered for sale:

    • Individuals formerly or currently associated with Adobe Systems Inc. (address unknown)

    • Individuals formerly associated with Image Solutions, Inc., Software Partners, Inc., Ambia Corp., Infodata Systems, Inc., or Computer Sciences Corp (address unknown)

    Dated: November 14, 2011

    Respectfully submitted,
    /s/ Anne Elise Herold Li
    Richard L. DeLucia
    John R. Kenny
    Paul M. Richter
    Charles A. Weiss
    A. Antony Pfeffer
    Anne Elise Herold Li
    Kenyon & Kenyon LLP
    [address, phone, fax]

    Marcia H. Sundeen
    Jeffrey S. Gerchick
    Aimee N. Soucie
    Kenyon & Kenyon LLP
    [address, phone, fax]

    Counsel for Respondents Barnes & Noble, Inc.
    and barnesandnoble.com LLC

    -44-

    Certain Handheld Electronic Computing Devices,
    Related Software and Components Thereof

    337-TA-769

    CERTIFICATE OF SERVICE

    I hereby certify that copies of the foregoing BARNES & NOBLE, INC.'S AND BARNESANDNOBLE.COM LLC'S SUPPLEMENTAL NOTICE OF PRIOR ART were served upon the following parties as indicated on this 14th day of October, 2011.

    James R. Holbein, Secretary
    U.S. International Trade Commission
    [address]
    Via Electronic Service

    Honorable Theodore R. Essex
    U.S. International Trade Commission
    [address, email]
    Via Hand Delivery
    Via Electronic Mail

    Jeffrey Hsu
    Office of Unfair Import Investigations
    U.S. International Trade Commission
    [address, email]
    500 E Street, S.W., Via Electronic Mail

    Counsel for Complainant Microsoft Corporation

    V. James Adduci
    Adduci, Mastriani & Schaumberg LLP
    [address, email]
    Via Electronic Mail

    Counsel for Respondent Hon Hai Precision Industry Co., Ltd.,
    Foxconn Electronics, Inc., Foxconn International Holdings Ltd.,
    and Foxconn Precision Component (Shenzhen) Co., Ltd.

    Edward M. Lebow
    Haynes and Boone LLP
    [address, email]
    Via Electronic Mail

    /s/ Peter Benson
    Peter Benson
    Legal Assistant


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