George Hotz's lawyers said they'd file a motion to dismiss for lack of personal jurisdiction and improper venue, and they have just done it.
They ask not only that the temporary restraining order and impoundment order be dismissed, but that the complaint be dismissed as well. Hotz did nothing in California, they state:
Mr. Hotz is a resident of New Jersey,
and he lacks sufficient contacts with California to confer personal jurisdiction over Mr. Hotz and venue is improper....Due Process requires that, in order for a forum to exercise personal jurisdiction over a
nonresident defendant, that “he have certain minimum contacts with it such that the maintenance of the suit does not offend 'traditional notions of fair play and substantial justice'."... The Japanese company is not a party to this litigation.
In the present case, SCEA cannot demonstrate that Mr. Hotz's activity could even arguably be construed as expressly aimed at California. To the contrary, the sole alleged activity in this action involves Mr. Hotz-- who is located in New Jersey-- purportedly improperly accessing portions of his own Playstation computer-- which is also located in New Jersey. The Playstation computer is not made by SCEA. It is made by Sony Inc. which is a Japanese corporation.
Here it is, first, so you can follow along:
Here's the Introduction, which will give you the overview:
02/02/2011 - 57 - MOTION to Dismiss FOR LACK OF PERSONAL JURISDICTION AND IMPROPER VENUE filed by George Hotz. Motion Hearing set for 3/11/2011 09:00 AM in Courtroom 10, 19th Floor, San Francisco before Hon. Susan Illston. (Kellar, Stewart) (Filed on 2/2/2011) (Entered: 02/02/2011)
02/02/2011 - 58 - Declaration of Stewart Kellar in Support of 57 MOTION to Dismiss FOR LACK OF PERSONAL JURISDICTION AND IMPROPER VENUE , Second Declaration of Stewart Kellar filed byGeorge Hotz. (Attachments: # 1 Exhibit A, # 2 Exhibit B, # 3 Exhibit C, # 4 Exhibit D, # 5 Exhibit E, # 6 Exhibit F, # 7 Exhibit G)(Related document(s) 57 ) (Kellar, Stewart) (Filed on 2/2/2011) (Entered: 02/02/2011)
02/02/2011 - 59 - CERTIFICATE OF SERVICE by George Hotz re 57 MOTION to Dismiss FOR LACK OF PERSONAL JURISDICTION AND IMPROPER VENUE, 58 Declaration in Support, (Kellar, Stewart) (Filed on 2/2/2011) (Entered: 02/02/2011)
Sony Computer Entertainment America, LLC (“SCEA”) does not make the Playstation 3 console (“Playstation computer”). Complaint [Dkt. No. 1] ¶¶18-19. The Playstation computer is made by Sony Computer Entertainment Inc. (“Sony Inc.”) which is not a party to this action. Id. Sony Inc. is a Japanese corporation with its headquarters in Tokyo, Japan. Second Declaration of Kellar Exh. A. SCEA “develops and publishes video game software” for the Playstation computer and couches that limited role under the broad term “SUBJECT WORKS.” Complaint at ¶¶22-23. Further, SCEA does not state in its complaint that it makes firmware or anti-circumvention technological protection measures (“TPMs”) for the Playstation computer. In fact, SCEA hides the ball with respect to “who does what” within the Playstation computer. Complaint ¶31 states that “SCEA's affiliates have invested hundreds of millions of dollars developing the PS3 System, including the PS3 System's TPMs.” SCEA uses the slippery term “affiliates” to characterize the developers of the TPMs. Because the complaint alleges violation of the DMCA via circumvention of TPMs, the fact that SCEA has not claimed to have developed or own the TPMs at issue is troubling. Complaint ¶48 further bounces between SCEA and Japan's Sony Inc., discussing “SCEA firmware that operates the PS3 System. That firmware contains SCEI's copyrighted PS3 Programmer Tools.” SCEA is not Sony Inc. and has not been a subsidiary of Sony Inc. since April 1, 2010. Complaint ¶19 That's an interesting detail, that none of the defendants lives in California.
Mr. Hotz is not subject to personal jurisdiction in California. In its complaint, SCEA asserts Mr. Hotz is subject to jurisdiction based on acts “directed to SCEA in California.” Id. at 28 ¶15(a) ln.28. As is shown below, Mr. Hotz has not purposefully directed his activities towards SCEA in California. SCEA further asserts jurisdiction over Mr. Hotz is proper based on the mere existence of Twitter and Paypal accounts in Hotz's name, an assertion that has not held water with this Court. Next, SCEA claims Mr. Hotz must be subject to the Playstation Network (“PSN”) Terms of Service and User Agreement (hereinafter the “PSN TOS”), which includes a forum selection clause. The PSN is an online service facilitated by SCEA that allows, among other limited activities, certain Playstation computer owners in conjunction with the PSN to participate in multiplayer gaming with one another. In support of its position that Mr. Hotz is subject to the PSN TOS, SCEA puts forth unauthenticated and contradictory hearsay evidence that Mr. Hotz has an Online ID for the PSN, and further makes deceptive and blatantly false
statements that Mr. Hotz's is subject to the PSN TOS by mere virtue of Mr. Hotz updating his Playstation computer via a firmware update. In fact, Mr. Hotz demonstrates that he is not subject to the PSN TOS. Second Affidavit of Hotz [Dkt. No. 44] ¶13. Moreover, contrary to SCEA's assertion, and as demonstrated herein, updating a Playstation Computer does not
subject a user to the PSN TOS or any other agreement with Plaintiff. Affidvait of Heidari [Dkt. 15 No. 45] ¶12. Finally, SCEA asserts that Mr. Hotz conspired with other defendants in California. As is shown below, no named defendant is alleged to live in California and no conspiracy exists between Mr. Hotz and California Does.
Therefore, Mr. Hotz is not subject to personal jurisdiction in California and this action against Mr. Hotz should be dismissed pursuant to Fed. R. Civ. P. 12(b)(2) for lack of personal jurisdiction.
The Declaration by Stewart Kellar has exhibits attached:
Exhibit A shows that Sony is located in Japan. What seemed to persuade the judge in this case, though, were Sony's arguments related to specific jurisdiction, not personal. Here's Hotz's response:
Exhibit B shows that playstation.net is owned by PSI-Japan.
Exhibit C is a CNET article, showing that Sony, the Japanese company, makes and sells the PlayStation 3.
Exhibit D is a PCWorld article by Ian Paul, saying the Sony PlayStation 3 was released in Japan first, and only afterward in the US.
Exhibit E is a Digital Trends article predicting Sony, maker of the PlayStation 3, will lower prices this year.
Exhibits F and G are the trademark registrations for the mark PLAYSTATION in the US, showing the Japanese SCEA is the owner both in the US and in Japan of this trademark and service mark, respectively.
Purposefully Directed His Activities at the Forum and is not Subject to
Specific Jurisdiction in California.
Plaintiff SCEA does not make the Playstation computer. The Playstation computer is made by Sony Inc. which is a Japanese corporation and not a party to this action.
The Ninth Circuit has established a three-part test for determining when specific jurisdiction may be exercised. See Data Disc, Inc. v. Systems Tech Assocs, Inc., 557 F.2d 1280, 1287 (9th Cir. 1977). To properly exercise specific jurisdiction, (1) The nonresident defendant must do some act or consummate some transaction with the forum or perform some act by which he purposefully avails himself of the privilege of conducting activities in the forum, thereby invoking the benefits and protections of its laws; (2) The claim must be one which arises out of or results from the defendant's forum-related activities; and (3) Exercise of jurisdiction must be reasonable. Id. All three prongs must be met, and the inability to satisfy any of the aforementioned prongs will result in the failure to establish jurisdiction over the defendant. Schwarzenegger v. Fred Martin Motor Co., 374 F.3d 797, 802 (9th Cir. 2004).
Moreover, the plaintiff bears the burden of satisfying the first two prongs of the test. Id.; Slepian v. Guerin, 172 F.3d 58 (9th Cir. 1999). If the plaintiff succeeds in satisfying both of the first two prongs, the burden then shifts to the defendant to "present a compelling case" that the exercise of jurisdiction would not be reasonable. Schwarzenegger, 374 F.3d at 802.
The Ninth Circuit analyzes the first prong for personal jurisdiction, purposeful availment and purposeful direction, as two separate analyses. In tort cases involving purposeful direction, the Court evaluates such prong under the “effects” test from Calder v. Jones, 465 U.S. 783 (1984). See Dole Food Co, Inc. v. Watts, 303 F.3d 1104 (9th Cir. 2002). Under Calder, the “effects” test requires that the defendant allegedly (1) committed an intentional act, (2) expressly aimed at the forum state, (3) causing harm that the defendant knows is likely to be suffered in the forum state. Id.
In analyzing the second prong required for personal jurisdiction, that a claim must arise out of the defendant's forum-related activities, the courts apply a “but for” test. John Doe v. Unocal Corp., 248 F.3d 915, 924 (9th Cir. 2001). The “but for” test is a simple test where the Plaintiff must demonstrate that the claims against the Defendant would not have arisen “but for” the Defendant's contact with the forum state. See Ballard v. Savage, 65 F.3d 1495, 1500 (9th 9 Cir. 1995).
If the Plaintiff meets its burden in satisfying the first two prongs, then the Court must analyze the third and final prong for jurisdiction, reasonableness, by consider the following seven factors: (1) the extent of the defendants' purposeful interjection into the forum state's affairs; (2) the burden on the defendant of defending in the forum; (3) the extent of conflict with the sovereignty of the defendants' state; (4) the forum state's interest in adjudicating the dispute; (5) the most efficient judicial resolution of the controversy; (6) the importance of the forum to the plaintiff's interest in convenient and effective relief; and (7) the existence of an alternative forum. Core-Vent Corp. v. Nobel Industries AB, 11 F.3d 1482, 1487-88 (9th Cir. 1993). None of the factors are dispositive, and they must be balance together. Id.
B. Prong 1 Of The Personal Jurisdictional Analysis Must Fail Because Mr. Hotz's
Alleged Acts Were Not Directed Toward California, And SCEA Has Failed To
Satisfy Its Burden.
Under the first prong of a specific jurisdiction test, SCEA must demonstrate that Mr. Hotz "purposefully availed" himself of the privilege of conducting activities in California, or purposefully directed its activities toward California. Schwarzenegger, 374 F.3d at 802. While the Courts typically use "purposeful availment," in shorthand fashion to include both purposeful availment and purposeful direction, “availment” and “direction” are two distinct concepts that undergo two distinct analyses. Id.
In the matter at hand, SCEA alleges that Mr. Hotz directed his acts at SCEA, as opposed to the Japanese makers of the Playstation computer Sony Inc., by posting information on his passive website and making alleged unrelated statements regarding console makers. SCEA further alleges that Mr. Hotz purposely availed of the benefits of this district by having a Paypal account and then goes on to improperly allege that Mr. Hotz is subject to the PSN TOS. Complaint ¶3. Mr. Hotz will demonstrate that the alleged acts are passive and are not directed towards SCEA and that he is not subject to the PSN TOS.
Purposeful availment involves a showing that a defendant purposefully availed himself of the privilege of doing business in a forum state typically consists of evidence of the defendant's actions in the forum, such as executing or performing a contract in the forum. Id. at
803. Purposeful direction, by contrast, involves a showing that a Defendant purposefully directed his tortious conduct toward the forum state, and applies the three-part Calder effects test promulgated by the U.S. Supreme Court. Id.
SCEA fails to satisfy the first prong of a jurisdictional analysis irrespective of whether a purposeful direction or purposeful availment test is utilized.
1. Purposeful Direction Analysis: Mr. Hotz’s Activities Relate to a Passive Website and Statements Not Directed Toward SCEA or California.
Mr. Hotz maintains a passive website at . The site merely makes information available and does not allow users to interact with the host computer or exchange information. The Complaint also alleges Mr. Hotz made the statement “If you want your next console to be secure, get in touch with me” and directed it at SCEA. Complaint ¶45. The double-hearsay quote, derived from a screenshot within a forum post within a website at , omits the full statement, which undermines SCEA's claim that Mr. Hotz directed any statement toward SCEA:
“if you want your next console to be secure, get in touch with me. any of you 3.” Declaration of Bricker [Dkt. No. 42] Exh. T (emphasis added).
SCEA does not make the Playstation computer. The Playstation computer is made by Sony Inc. which is a Japanese corporation and not a party to this action. The registered trademarks for PLAYSTATION for computer game equipment [game consoles] and for network-related gaming activities are and held by Sony Inc. Second Declaration of Kellar ¶¶ F-G.
SCEA likewise does not claim to have developed or own the TPMs alleged to have been circumvented. See Complaint ¶ 31. Finally, the statement “any of you 3” clearly refers to console makers, being Nintendo, Sony Inc. and Microsoft. Second Declaration of Kellar ¶¶C-D. 6 With this background, SCEA has the burden of proving Mr. Hotz purposefully directed his actions towards California as opposed to, say, Japan where Sony Inc. is located. Under the well established “Calder effects” test, which pertains to purposeful direction, Mr. Hotz must have expressly aimed his activity at California, causing harm that the defendant knows is likely
to be suffered in California.
The 9th Circuit has held “cases have struggled somewhat with Calder's import, recognizing that the case cannot stand for the broad proposition that a foreign act with foreseeable effects in the forum state will always give rise to specific jurisdiction. We have said that there must be 'something more.' We now conclude that 'something more' is what the Supreme Court described as 'express aiming' at the forum state.” Pebble Beach Co. v. Caddy, 453 F.3d 1151, 1156 (9th Cir. 2006). Accordingly, acts which are not expressly aimed at California, regardless of foreseeable effect, are insufficient to establish jurisdiction. Id....
SCEA claims Mr. Hotz did “something more” towards the forum via the unauthenticated hearsay statement “if you want your next console to be secure, get in touch with me. any of you 3.” Declaration of Bricker Exh. T. SCEA does not make the Playstation computer. Sony Inc., which is a Japanese corporation and not a party to this action, makes the Playstation computer. Console is defined by the Merriam-Webster Dictionary as "an electronic system that connects to a display (as a television set) and is used primarily to play video games.” SCEA does not make a console. Sony Inc. makes that console: the Playstation computer. Second and most important, the phrase “any of you 3” negates any aiming at SCEA in California. There are three major console makers, Nintendo, Sony Inc., and Microsoft. Second Declaration of Kellar Exhs. C-E.
In the present case, SCEA cannot demonstrate that Mr. Hotz's activity could even arguably be construed as expressly aimed at California. To the contrary, the sole alleged activity in this action involves Mr. Hotz-- who is located in New Jersey-- purportedly improperly accessing portions of his own Playstation computer-- which is also located in New Jersey. The Playstation computer is not made by SCEA. It is made by Sony Inc. which is a Japanese corporation. The Playstation trademark is held by Sony Inc. Second Declaration of Kellar Exhibits F-G.
Finally, SCEA includes various other inexplicable claims for good measure, including Mr. Hotz violating the Computer Fraud and Abuse Act and the California Computer Crime Law for allegedly "exceeding access" to Mr. Hotz's very own Playstation computer (made by Sony Inc.), as well as for Mr. Hotz purportedly "trespassing" on the very Playstation computer he lawfully purchased and owns (made by Sony Inc.). SCEA also alleges that, by engaging in such conduct, Mr. Hotz has breached the PSN TOS (which is not applicable to Mr. Hotz as demonstrated below). Nonetheless, this suit centers on the allegation that Mr. Hotz improperly accessed portions of his own Playstation computer, made by Sony Inc. which is not a party to this action and that Mr. Hotz circumvented TPMs that were developed by affiliates of SCEA,
not SCEA itself.
SCEA alleges that all users who have updated their Playstation Computer via Playstation Computer firmware update are bound by the PSN TOS. Plaintiff's Complaint, p.13, ¶ 53. SCEA then alleges that Mr. Hotz must have updated his Playstation Computer, and uses this as justification for why Mr. Hotz must be subject to the PSN TOS, which includes a forum selection clause. SCEA's assertion is blatantly false and misleading, and Mr. Hotz has explicitly averred that he is not subject to the PSN TOS. Affidavit of Hotz ¶ 6. Equally significant, updating a Playstation Computer does not subject an individual to the PSN TOS. Affidavit of 23 Heidari ¶ 5. With regard to the PSN TOS, the agreement is not a required step to access the 3.55 firmware and is not required to be entered into by end users to install the 3.55 Firmware onto a Playstation computer. Affidavit of Heidari ¶¶ 5, 8-13. The 3.55 Firmware file may be accessed, without encountering any agreements, directly from a website registered by Sony Inc. ( http://dus01.ps3.update.playstation.net/
af8f1491d9c9b6921a8c61/PS3UPDAT.PUP ) or many other third party websites. Affidavit of Heidari ¶ 4....
All of this will be considered, of course, but what is most likely to persuade the judge, in my view, are the arguments regarding reasonableness. Here it is in a nutshell:
Mr. Hotz has stated he does not have a PSN account, has not agreed to the PSN TOS, and has not obtained a Playstation computer firmware upgrade from the PSN. Second Affidavit of Hotz ¶ 11. Mr. Hotz has also demonstrated that a Playstation computer firmware upgrade does not subject a user to the PSN TOS. Affidavit of Heidari ¶¶ 10-13. SCEA cannot satisfy its
burden that Mr. Hotz is subject to the PSN TOS because no such facts exist. Nonetheless, the sole speculative and unauthenticated evidence SCEA has provided falls far short of its burden to satisfy this prong of the personal jurisdiction analysis.
The burden on Mr. Hotz defending in this forum is high. Mr. Hotz is a 21 year old New Jersey resident with limited means to defend a suit on the other side of the country. Therefore, forcing Mr. Hotz to defend a lawsuit literally across the country will deprive Mr. Hotz of due process.
I don't know what the judge will do, but this persuades me that New Jersey is more appropriate. The playing field is already stacked against an individual being attacked by an international corporation. For that reason, given the financial disparity, it is disturbing to see Sony trying so hard to keep the playing field so gravely tilted in its own direction. Fair is fair. That is what the courts are supposed to be about, after all. Who admires a bully? If Hotz has done something illegal, Sony can crush him in New Jersey just as well as in California. But it would be a shame if they win simply by being able to sustain the expense of litigation until this kid gives out.
"The burden on the defendant must be examined in light of the corresponding burden on the plaintiff." Sinatra v. National Enquirer, Inc., 854 F.2d 1191, 1199 (9th Cir. 1988). SCEA is unquestionably a large international company. In Core-Vent, the burden on the respective parties was found to be “asymmetrical” because the plaintiff was a “large international corporation with worldwide distribution of products” while the defendants were individuals “with little or no physical contacts with California.” Core-Vent, 11 F.3d at 1489. In Pavlovich, the California Supreme Court discussed plaintiff's ability to re-file the suit in the defendant's state of residence. “[Plaintiff] has the ability and resources to pursue Pavlovich in another forum such as Indiana or Texas. Our decision today does not foreclose it from doing so.
Pavlovich may still face the music--just not in California.” Pavlovich at 29 Cal. 4th at 279. As in Pavlovich, SCEA is unquestionably a large international company with worldwide product distribution. Again, Mr. Hotz is an individual with “little or no physical contacts with California.” Id. In light of the corresponding absence of burden on SCEA, personal jurisdiction over Mr. Hotz in California would be highly burdensome.
The fact that Mr. Hotz has secured last-minute counsel to defend himself against jurisdiction does not diminish the cost or burden of Mr. Hotz having to defend himself on the other side of the country....
SCEA clearly does not know where the other defendants reside and thinks they may in fact be located in foreign countries such as Spain, Hungary and the Netherlands. SCEA Complaint ¶¶5-9. SCEA thinks that an unnamed defendant called “Bushing” resides in California but this person remains a Doe defendant, is not named as a defendant, and has not been served with process. Id. at ¶5. Further, all evidence put forth by SCEA regarding “Bushing” is improperly authenticated
hearsay. This court should not rely on SCEA‟s speculation of a Doe defendant‟s place of residence to assert jurisdiction over a nonresident who is actually named with an address that has been identified, in New Jersey.
Further evidence in this matter is found primarily on the internet. Contrary to SCEA‟s assertions, most of the physical evidence and Mr. Hotz himself, are located in the state of New Jersey. The bulk of SCEA's claims regard evidence found on Mr. Hotz's media devices and in Mr. Hotz's testimony as a witness. Other than those items, the bulk of the evidence SCEA puts forth may be found on the internet which is accessible just as easily in New Jersey as in California.
The motion references a second affidavit by Hotz and one by his lawyer, Yasha Heidari, which we made available earlier, but to understand this new filing, it seems worthwhile to provide a text version of each. I'll leave off the headers and certificates of service, just for space. First, the Affidavit of George Hotz:
AFFIDAVIT OF GEORGE HOTZ
Personally appeared before me, an officer duly authorized by law to administer oaths,
George Hotz, who after first being duly sworn, states:
1. My name is George Hotz, and I am of required age and competent in all respects to testify
regarding the matter set forth herein. I have personal knowledge of the facts stated herein
and know them to be true.
2. I am a resident of the State of New Jersey. I have been a resident of the State of New
Jersey since approximately 1995.
3. I was born in the year 1989.
4. I am not a resident of Rhode Island. I have never been a resident of Rhode Island.
5. I do not live at 111 NYB St., Providence, Rhode Island 02909. I have never lived at,
visited, or appeared at 111 NYB St., Providence, Rhode Island 02909.
6. I have never created, used, or accessed the Playstation Network ("PSN") Online ID
7. I have never created, used, or accessed the PSN Online ID "koma1tose",
"freedomapocalyse", "snapple18", "elijapi", "uKinfuriator", "gamecaveman", or
8. I have never created, used, or accessed an e-mail address for "firstname.lastname@example.org",
"email@example.com", "firstname.lastname@example.org", "email@example.com",
"firstname.lastname@example.org", "Jonesjack33@rocketmail.com", or
9. A Playstation 3 Computer Entertainment System ("Playstation Computer") may be
updated through a firmware update, which may be performed by placing a Playstation
Computer firmware update on the Playstation Computer.
10. Updating a Playstation Computer via a firmware update does not require access to the
PSN, nor does it require accepting the PSN's Terms of Service User Agreement or any
other PSN agreement to install such firmware update.
11. I have never obtained a Playstation Computer firmware update through the PSN. I have
only obtained Playstation Computer firmware updates via direct download links available
on the internet.
12. I have never been prompted with an option or opportunity to accept or agree to the PSN's
Terms of Service and User Agreement or any other PSN agreement when installing a
Playstation Computer firmware update.
13. Accordingly, I have never accepted or agreed to, nor even been afforded the opportunity
to accept or agree to, the PSN's Terms of Service and User Agreement or any other PSN
agreement when updating my Playstation Computer via a Playstation Computer firmware
14. I have not worked with anyone using the internet handle "Bushing" and have no
association or connection with any conduct allegedly performed by any individual using
the internet handle "Bushing".
15. I have never attempted to obtain employment from Plaintiff, nor am I interested in
obtaining employment from Plaintiff, nor would I accept employment from Plaintiff if
His lawyer, one of them, Yasha Heidari, confirms that you can upgrade without going through the Playstation Network in his affidavit [PDF]:
Affidavit of Yasha Heidari
Personally appeared before me, an officer duly authorized by law to administer oaths,
Yasha Heidari, who after first being duly sworn, states:
1. My name is Yasha Heidari, and I am of required age and competent in all respects to
testify regarding the matter set forth herein. I have personal knowledge of the facts stated
herein and know them to be true. I am an attorney duly licensed to practice law in the
State of Georgia, and I am a member of the law firm Heidari Power Law Group LLC.
2. On the date of this affidavit, I successfully updated a Playstation 3 Computer
Entertainment System ("Playstation Computer") I own via a Playstation Computer
3. A firmware update file for the Playstation Computer may be obtained through numerous
avenues, including by downloading such firmware update file from websites on the
4. Indeed, a firmware update file for the Playstation Computer may even be obtained from
Plaintiff's website. As of the date of this affidavit, Playstation Computer firmware update
file for version 3.55 of the firmware, which is the latest firmware update available, may
be obtained via the following direct link:
5. When downloading such Playstation Computer firmware update from Plaintiff's website
via the aforementioned link, no Playstation Network Agreement ("PSN Agreement") is
presented, made available, or required to be accepted in order to download such firmware
update. As used herein, the phrase "PSN Agreement" explicitly includes the "Playstation
Network Terms of Service and User Agreement", which is extensively referenced by
Plaintiff in this proceeding.
6. I was able to successfully download the aforementioned Playstation Computer firmware
update from Plaintiff's website via the aforementioned link. After downloading the
Playstation Computer firmware update, I was able to transfer such file to a USB device,
and thereafter, connected my USB device to my Playstation Computer. I was then able to
perform a Playstation Computer system update.
7. Instructions for installing a Playstation Computer firmware update via a USB device are
widely available on the internet, including on Plaintiff's website.
8. When installing the Playstation Computer firmware update, I was prompted to accept a
"SYSTEM SOFTWARE LICENSE AGREEMENT (Version 1.4) FOR THE
PlayStation®3 SYSTEM" (hereinafter the "Software License Agreement"). Such
Software License Agreement is promulgated by Sony Computer Entertainment Inc., and
does not reference Plaintiff, Sony Computer Entertainment America LLC. Such Software
License Agreement is also dated December 10, 2009. A true and correct copy of such
Software License Agreement is hereto attached as Exhibit "A".
9. The Software License Agreement does not include a choice of law provision, a choice of
forum provision, or a choice of venue provision.
10. Accordingly, I was able to successfully update my Playstation Computer via a firmware
update without connecting to the Playstation Network ("PSN"). Indeed, I have never
accessed the PSN to date.
11. I was able to successfully update my Playstation Computer via a firmware update without
accepting any PSN Agreement. Indeed, I was never presented with an opportunity to
accept a PSN Agreement. To date, I have never accepted nor been presented with an
option to accept a PSN Agreement.
12. Updating a Playstation Computer via a firmware update does not require access to the
PSN, nor does it require accepting a PSN Agreement to install such firmware update.
13. I have never agreed to a PSN Agreement, yet I am able to fully utilize and use my