Robin Bloor told us that we should watch SCO's stock at the end of October, because if the stock shot up, it would mean they have a case:
Cynic that I am, I expect someone involved somewhere in the whole process to leak some information in some way.
If so, the most likely place for it to show is in SCO’s or IBM’s share price. More likely in SCO’s shares, because there is so much less SCO stock and its price has been depressed to a level that suggests SCO isn’t going to win anything. If the stock moves down, it will suggest to me that SCO has thin evidence or none at all and if it drifts up it will suggest that it has something. If it stays roughly where it is, then I guess the riddle-mystery-enigma-conundrum-koan remains unsolved.
We've been watching. Here's a three-month chart, which shows the trajectory drifting downward slightly. So, does this SCO supporter now admit that SCO has no case?
Darlings, SCO supporters never admit they have no case. No, rather, like a man who gathered his followers on a mountaintop, predicting the end of the world on Wednesday who wakes up on Thursday still on the mountaintop, Bloor takes a closer look at his calculations to see what went wrong. Instead of acknowledging that based on the downward drift, it must mean SCO has no case, he explains it was his prediction that was misguided.
But if the stock had gone up, what do you think he would have said?
Of course, if he'd been watching SCO as long as we have, he'd have noticed that, good news or bad, the SCO stock stays around $4, up a little, down a little, and that's been true for over a year. Amazing, don't you think? Whatever could cause such an odd effect? Perhaps that would make a nice research project for Mr. Bloor.
Joke. Anyone who doesn't know the answer to that question doesn't want to know. Anyway, courts don't decide matters based on stock speculation, nor is Wall St. trained in the law, so I don't think you can determine a legal outcome based on those dudes. They told us Enron was a good stock to buy.
Bloor then gratuitously attacks Groklaw for being right.
Here's what he wrote:
Of course, SCO has made declarations of strong evidence before (although not based on discovery) and there seems to be some dispute as to whether the outcome of the case will rest on evidence of IP infringement or the actual rights of the owners code (i.e. which parts of what does SCO have IP rights over)—which puts me and most other commentators right out of their legal depth.
Meanwhile SCO’s mangling at the hands of the press continues. The Inquirer is suggesting that SCO’s legal team is now demanding IBM hand over something that doesn’t exist—materials about the Linux 2.7 kernel. According to Groklaw (the prime source for negative SCO rumors and general anti-SCO vitriol) this is so and indeed if you go to linux.org, you will discover that there is no Linux 2.7 kernel.
So what’s that about? Is it yet another bewildering SCO conundrum or is it a misprint or is there some other way of understanding SCO’s request?
Oh, yes. A bewildering conundrum. That's it. No one can solve this incredible puzzle. How is it possible that SCO asked for something that doesn't exist? If we rule out that they have brought a bogus, phony lawsuit and are just winging it through discovery, asking for whatever enters their cynical little heads, to try to annoy and embarrass IBM into settling a harrassment lawsuit, and please Microsoft by throwing an unjust cloud over Linux, whatever could it possibly be? This is harder than solving a Rubik's cube.
First, I wish to commend Mr. Bloor for acknowledging that he's out of his legal depth. But I'd like him to connect the dots from that thought to Groklaw's coverage of this story. Groklaw is not out of its depth, and its track record demonstrates its competence.
Second, he checked and admits that there is no Linux 2.7 kernel. It's commendable that he checked. Groklaw did break that story. But let's settle one part of the puzzle right now. It was no misprint on SCO's part, no typo, because their attorney said the same thing at the most recent hearing more than once, the transcript for which you can find here [PDF], and the text version is below. Groklaw never says anything without providing you with proofs you can check for yourself. SCO's attorney mentions the 2.7 kernel on page 26, lines 3 and 7. The sentence actually begins on page 25:
We tried to deal with it as great specificity as we could as opposed to general categories of documents relating to Linux contributions, documents relating to 2.4, 2.7 development, we sent out a Seventh request of production that had scores of specific requests. All documents concerning contributions to specific Linux projects, development work, listing specific projects, development work on the contributions to the 2.7 kernel. Documents relating to the development trees. These are just a few examples. . . .
They should have produced this a long time ago, Your Honor. We submit further if the Court agrees with us respectfully that their action has not been appropriate in this regard, and the Court should consider sanctions, as well.
Well, the Court definitively did not agree with them, as you can see for yourself on page 57. She sounds quite annoyed at SCO, actually. Might it be she sees SCO differently than Mr. Bloor? What might that indicate?
Why does it matter? I think it matters because the judge established a discovery protocol for this SCO v. IBM litigation. It goes like this: SCO finds infringement, or thinks they do; they then do discovery around what they think they have. They aren't supposed to ask for just everything they can think of, without first having an idea of specific infringement. So, when they asked for Linux 2.7 materials, does that indicate they were following the protocol? Or not?
Worse, they had the gall to ask for sanctions against IBM for not turning over materials from 2.7. *Sanctions*, no less. That means to me they were hoping the judge would punish IBM for absolutely nothing. If that doesn't bother you, you need to take a walk on a beach or under the stars and ask yourself: what's happening to me? Why doesn't such conduct bother me?
And honestly now, was it a "negative SCO rumor" or "anti-SCO vitriol"? Or was it just true? Groklaw was right to state that there is no Linux 2.7 kernel, because there is no Linux 2.7 kernel, and Groklaw should not be attacked for being right. I don't think any media source can do better than be right. Bloor sees with his own eyes that there is no 2.7 kernel, yet he still hopes there is some explanation other than the obvious. Yes, I'm gently suggesting Mr. Bloor appears to be struggling with a bias.
Third, it isn't "mangling" SCO to point out facts, even if the result is that SCO looks foolish or worse. Groklaw didn't trick SCO into asking for 2.7 materials. They did it all by themselves. I believe that is what the press is supposed to do, point out facts.
Why didn't Mr. Bloor or any other media outlet point out that there is no 2.7 Linux kernel? Because they didn't know, I expect. Groklaw did know, so we are responsible to tell what we know. That is all Groklaw does, folks. If we know more than many others, that is not a sin. It's an advantage in covering this story. What is a puzzling and unsolvable question to Bloor is easily comprehended here.
Groklaw is a group work, with contributions from lawyers, paralegals, executives, Linux coders, general geeks, law students, writers, truck drivers, poets, housewives, and anyone else who enjoys participating in Open Source legal research. We've followed this case from early on, every single day since May of 2003, so we've tracked it more closely than anyone else, although it isn't the only thing Groklaw covers. We actually have 8 categories of topics we regularly cover, SCO being only one of those topics. But this is Groklaw's story, as far as depth of coverage is concerned. Naturally, we will notice things others without the same skills and dedication of time will not. We will, being only human, make mistakes sometimes too, but when we do, we'll happily tell you ourselves, because our goal is truth.
SCO's own attorneys have praised Groklaw and they use it as a resource. Groklaw has been honored with journalism and other awards for its work. Groklaw knew very early in this story that SCO's attacks on Linux regarding copyright infringement were not likely to fare well, to put it politely. They haven't, with Judge Kimball remarking in February of this year that, after seeing all their evidence, he was astounded at its lack:
"Viewed against the backdrop of SCO's plethora of public statements concerning IBM's and others' infringement of SCO's purported copyrights to the UNIX software, it is astonishing that SCO has not offered any competent evidence to create a disputed fact regarding whether IBM has infringed SCO's alleged copyrights through IBM's Linux activities."
Groklaw said essentially the same thing back in 2003. And we were right. How did we know? Because we understand the tech, the GPL, the law, and the Linux development process. It's a unique combination. It's not bias. It's expertise.
With that introduction, here's the court transcript of the hearing as text.
A P P E A R A N C E S
4 IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
5 FOR THE DISTRICT OF UTAH, CENTRAL DIVISION
9 THE SCO GROUP, INC.,
13 vs. - Case 2:03-CV-294
14 INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS
15 MACHINES CORPORATION,
18 BEFORE THE HONORABLE DALE A. KIMBALL
20 REPORTER'S TRANSCRIPT OF PROCEEDINGS OCTOBER 7, 2005
21 MOTION HEARING
25 Reported by: KELLY BROWN, HICKEN CSR, RPR, RMR
2 FOR THE PLAINTIFFS: HATCH, JAMES & DODGE, PC
BY: MARK JAMES
3 Attorney at Law
5 BOIES, SCHILLER & FLEXNER, LLP
BY: STUART H. SINGER
6 EDWARD J. NORMAND
SASHI C. BACH
7 Attorneys at Law
9 FOR THE DEFENDANT: SNELL & WILMER, LLP
BY: TODD M. SHAUGHNESSY
10 AMY SORENSON
Attorney at Law
CRAVATH, SWAINE & MOORE LLP
13 BY: DAVID R. MARRIOTT
14 Attorney at Law
1 SALT LAKE CITY, UTAH, FRIDAY, OCTOBER 7, 2005
2 * * * *
3 THE COURT: Good morning, ladies and gentlemen.
4 And needless to say, I'm shorter here than I am in my own
5 courtroom, but well make do.
6 We're here this morning in the matter of the SCO
7 Group, Inc., vs. International Business Machines Corporation.
8 Although I do have the names and know the names of most of
9 you, I would ask that counsel who are at counsel table to,
10 please, identify themselves and all others who may be acting
11 in that capacity.
12 MR. JAMES: Your Honor, good morning. Mark James
13 from Hatch, James & Dodge. With me is Ted Normand from Boies,
14 Schiller & Flexner, along with Stuart Singer and also Sashi
15 Bach here with us, as well.
16 THE COURT: Thank you.
17 Mr. Marriott?
18 MR. MARRIOTT: Good morning. David Marriott and,
19 of course, Todd Shaughnessy and Peter Ligh and Amy Sorenson
20 and Herman H-O-Y-H. Good morning, Your Honor.
21 THE COURT: Good morning.
22 Ladies and gentlemen, I'd like to begin by
23 addressing SCO's renewed motion to compel, which is listed as
24 docket Number 366. In this particular motion, SCO seeks from
25 IBM all documents from its executives and board of directors
1 that mention or relate in any way to Linux; and, two,
2 witnesses for deposition who can speak to the full scope of
3 the topics SCO has noticed.
4 In this Court's order from January 18th of 2005,
5 the Court postponed -- I think that should be '04, the Court
6 postponed the decision regarding the production of documents
7 from top level management pending full briefing by the
9 Unfortunately, there was a docketing error
10 misinterpreting the Court's order deeming SCO's order granted
11 in part and denied in part. Notwithstanding this error, there
12 has been much discovery provided since the first of this year,
13 and Judge Kimball has heard arguments concerning the
14 deposition of Samuel Palmisano, IBM's CEO.
15 Given the possibility that some discovery provided
16 by IBM may address SCO's concerns in its renewed motion, I
17 would like SCO to review its original motion and file with the
18 Court a new motion removing those items it previously sought
19 which may have been provided by IBM in the intervening time.
20 And I would like SCO to file this new motion by Friday,
21 October 21st. IBM then can file in the opposition, and SCO
22 would reply. And then we will hear that motion along with
23 IBM's motion to compel production of documents on SCO's
24 privileged log later this year. And I would anticipate that
25 that would be set like the second week of December.
1 This should help clear up the record and prevent
2 any potential wasted resources by hearing issues which may now
3 be moot.
4 Does anyone have any opposition to handling that
5 particular motion in that way?
6 MR. NORMAND: Your Honor, Ted Normand for SCO. We
7 don't object, although we obviously would like to have the
8 motion heard as soon as possible.
9 THE COURT: Well, we will do that as soon as you've
10 had your opportunity to refile it and for IBM to respond.
11 Mr. Shaughnessy?
12 MR. SHAUGHNESSY: No objection, Your Honor.
13 THE COURT: All right. We can do that -- well,
14 let's set that at the conclusion of this hearing. But my
15 desire would be to set it in perhaps the second week of
17 Next, I would like to turn to SCO's expedited
18 motion for leave to take additional depositions, which is
19 found at docket Number 508. I'd like first to hear any
20 objections that IBM may have. Or do you want -- go ahead and
21 argue it first since it's your motion, and then they'll
23 MR. SINGER: Your Honor, I don't know if the Court
24 is set on approaching it that way. If it was left to us, we
25 would prefer to argue the Linux related motion which we think
1 broadly relates to issues including depositions.
2 THE COURT: We can do that. If you want to, then
3 well start with that motion and allow you to argue it, and
4 then we'll go on to the other one.
5 MR. SINGER: Thank you.
6 THE COURT: That's fine.
7 MR. SINGER: In connection with that motion, we've
8 prepared several charts. With the Court's permission, I would
9 provide copies to the Court.
10 Your Honor, and I am Stuart Singer on behalf of the
11 SCO Group. I appreciate the opportunity to address the Court
12 this morning on this issue.
13 The motion here goes to the very heart of documents
14 that are relevant to this case. Our motion concerns the
15 failure of IBM to produce documents related to its Linux
16 contributions that have not been produced despite agreements
17 to do so and despite two orders of this Court that we believe
18 covers this.
19 THE COURT: Mr. Singer, let me stop you real
20 quickly and supplement the record by indicating this so that
21 you know. I have read the submissions of both SCO and IBM.
22 have read the affidavit of Mr. Shaughnessy. I have read the
23 transcript of the original of the orders -- or the hearing
24 that resulted in the orders, and I have read each of the
25 orders themselves.
1 MR. SINGER: Thank you, Your Honor. I will bear
2 that in mind in my argument.
3 We made this motion because what we had seen from
4 IBM did not equate to what clearly must have been present for
5 a project of this scope in producing contributions to Linux.
6 And we filed a motion, which the Court is aware, and I won't
7 go over specifics, some of which have been marked confidential
8 by IBM, but there were a number of items which it was clear
9 you would expect to have in there that were not, source code
10 files, in fact, had appeared to have been removed from the
11 CMVC database that related to Linux database, of course,
12 previously ordered produced. One of the issues in the case
13 concerns the JFS, file system technology, which we believe has
14 been inappropriately provided to Linux, and there were
15 documents relating to that.
16 There are also the fact that documents which used
17 to be on a public website no longer are there because that
18 website has been closed down, and other issues which have been
19 identified in the bullet points from Pages 8, 9, 10 of our
20 additional motion.
21 The response to that motion from IBM including
22 specifically the declaration of Daniel Frei, who was the
23 senior executive in charge of Linus Technology Center, made
24 clear that these areas of concern were just the tip of the
25 iceberg and that IBM has essentially produced very little at
1 all in compliance with what we believe there was agreement to
2 do so and this Court's repeated orders to do so. And that
3 we're dealing here with the failure to produce any of the
4 nonpublic or certainly all of the nonpublic Linux related
5 information concerning programmer notes, concerning drafts of
6 code that they submitted, concerning work plans, all the type
7 of information that is generated up to the point where
8 contribution is then publicly made to the Linux community.
9 IBM does not deny this. In fact, they state that
10 in Frei's declaration that they have not gathered that,
11 reviewed it or produced it, and that it might amount to
12 hundreds of thousands of documents. They say instead that
13 that was not called for, despite it clearly being in the
14 center of this case. The case is about whether the
15 contributions of Linux technology of IBM violates those
16 proprietary rights. And then they say it would be too
17 burdensome to provide it. With the Court's approval, I would
18 like to address those two issues.
19 First one. The documents were requested going back
20 to June 2003 in at least three of the initial requests in the
21 first request for production. Request Number 11 called for
22 all the contributions themselves which were made not limited
23 to source code, binary code, to open source development lab,
24 Linus, any other entity.
25 And then there was request 35 and 42. 35 called
1 for all documents concerning, and concerning is broadly
2 defined, any contribution to Linux. 42 was all documents
3 concerning Linux contributions to development, specifically to
4 2.4 and 2.5 versions of the Linux Kernel. These weren't just
5 for code, these were for documents concerning their
7 IBM initially objected. And then in the course of
8 the meet and confer process, which was carried out in writing,
9 IBM moved back off of its initial objections and indicated
10 that it would make substantial production with respect to
11 areas 35 and 42.
12 In a letter dated from IBM's counsel on
13 September 15th, 2003, IBM indicated that with request
14 Number 11 that IBM has undertaken to collect documents from
15 various members of the Linus Technology Center, the LTC, who
16 are responsible for work relating to open source contributions
17 to Linux. And in addition, they are collecting materials from
18 the Open Source Steering Committee, the group within IBM
19 responsible for approving and reviewing open source projects,
20 and that:
21 We intend to produce nonprivileged documents
22 identified in these files that relate to IBM open source
23 contributions to Linux.
24 In response Number 35, they again say:
25 We are undertaking to produce from the files
1 of Linus Technology Center and the OSSC personnel
2 nonprivileged documents that relate to IBM's open
3 source contributions to Linux.
4 They didn't say they were just going to produce the
5 code contributions. They didn't say that what they were
6 arguing about was whether or not they should have to look at
7 the whole company and to open source beyond Linux, but they
8 said for Linux, we were looking at the Linus Technology Center
9 and that they would produce the documents that related to
10 their open source contributions.
11 Your Honor, this was reiterated in subsequent
12 correspondence in October of 2003 where IBM indicated that
13 this work was ongoing. With respect to request Number 11,
14 they said:
15 We have attempted to conduct a reasonable
16 search for documents that relate to IBM's open
17 source contributions. The vast majority are made
18 through the LTC. Some were through this OSSC.
19 And they stated, our searches have included
20 individuals in both of these groups as well as
21 other potential sources of documents relating to
22 IBM's contributions to Linux.
23 IBM went on to say that:
24 We are not limiting our searches to any
25 particular geographic area. Indeed, they have
1 already included individuals residing in
2 Beaverton, Oregon, which is the headquarters for
3 Linus Technology Center; Austin, Texas, and a
4 variety of other IBM locations.
5 We learn now from Mr. Frei's declaration that, in
6 fact, they have not searched and gathered from these
7 locations, the Linus Technology Center, the documents that
8 would relate to Linux contributions. They say that these
9 efforts are ongoing.
10 Given these assurances, it is understandable that
11 the intentional motions to compel related to aspects of
12 discovery which IBM said they would not provide. There was
13 the issue in which the Court is aware of whether public
14 contributions that are already out there needed to be
15 provided, and there was an issue that was focussed on what is
16 in the files and individuals outside the Linus Technology
17 Center including senior executives, like Mr. Palmisano and
18 Mr. Wladawasky-Berger. And the Court after briefing held a
19 hearing on that in February of 2004, and it rendered an order
20 on March 3rd, 2004, on SCO's motion to compel.
21 In that motion -- or in that order, there are two
22 relevant paragraphs. Paragraph Roman Number II.2 dealt with
23 the issue of Linux contributions themselves. There the Court
24 indicated that the ones which were public SCO should use its
25 best efforts to obtain through public sources. The
1 contributions that were nonpublic IBM is ordered to provide.
2 But then the Court went on to deal with the issues
3 of documents beyond the code contributions themselves, and
4 that is in Paragraph 3 of the Court's order. And there are
5 three occasions in IBM's opposition to the current motion,
6 Your Honor, where they quote this order. In none of those
7 three occasions do they ever mention Paragraph 3. Paragraph 3
8 begins by confirming in what we believe sweeping terms that
9 IBM has to produce documents to the heart of the case coming
10 out of the Linux project. The Court said:
11 IBM is to provide documents and materials
12 generated by and in possession of employees that
13 have been and that are currently involved in the
14 Linux project.
15 THE COURT: Mr. Singer, don't you see Paragraph 3
16 as an expansion of what is ordered in Paragraph 2?
17 MR. SINGER: Well, we think it goes beyond
18 Paragraph 2, certainly, and that it goes beyond that to the
19 extent that Paragraph 2 is the Linux contributions themselves
20 that are going out to the public. And then Paragraph 3 is
21 dealing with documents that IBM has that are broader than that
22 that relate to that process of contribution.
23 We think there's no legitimate basis on which in
24 the Linus Technology Center, which is the heart of the Linux
25 project, an employee can do a rough draft of code and that
1 doesn't fall within 3. Or that if you have a work plan or a
2 programming note, not privy to the public, but generated there
3 in the course of that contribution, a document that might be
4 exchanged between developers that say, let's use the Dynix
5 technology in making this contribution. All of that would be
6 documents generated by people in the Linux project and in the
7 possession of employees. And we think it follows from what
8 the Court says here that:
9 The Court finds these materials are relevant
10 because they may contain information regarding the use
11 or alleged misuse of source code by IBM in its
12 contributions to Linux.
13 Now, the fight at that time was focussed on the
14 senior executives, people outside the Linus Technology Center.
15 And the Court made clear that the scope mentioned includes
16 senior executives, includes Mr. Palmisano and
17 Wladawasky-Berger in another document that had been
18 specifically been dealt with. But those are terms not of
19 limitation on a principle obligation, but an example of what
20 is included within the scope of production. And certainly if
21 the executive materials are relevant because they may contain
22 information regarding the alleged misuse of source code, the
23 very documents being used every day in the Linus Technology
24 Center to create the contributions, their notes, their rough
25 drafts, their work plans definitely fall within this scope.
1 So we think it's clear that those materials both,
2 quote, related to the Linux contributions so IBM had committed
3 by agreement to produce them, and also that they were the
4 subject of Paragraph II.3 of the Court's order.
5 Now, what did IBM do in response to that? They
6 assured the Court that full production had been made. If IBM
7 was uncertain as to the scope of that obligation, they had the
8 ability to ask for clarification. They had the ability to
9 provide qualifications in the declaration that they filed
10 requiring compliance. We believe this Court asked for such
11 declarations precisely to avoid this type of issue coming up
12 later on.
13 THE COURT: Do you acknowledge that SCO has the
14 same obligation if it is unsure as to the meaning of an order?
15 MR. SINGER: Yes. We think that a party has an
16 obligation to comply in good faith and if you are uncertain,
17 it has a duty to seek clarification from the Court to disclose
18 limitations on what they are producing.
19 And that IBM did not do so in this case. That even
20 if there was an argument, which we don't think there is, and
21 somehow the Court, if they read this thought, well, we only
22 have to produce documents from the files of our senior
23 executives, not the very people at the heart of the project in
24 the Linus Technology Center, they could have asked the Court
25 to clarify Paragraph 3. They didn't do so. They could have
1 stated in their declaration of compliance in Paragraph 5, we
2 produced the senior executive documents, but we take the
3 position that somehow that doesn't extend to the documents in
4 the Linus Technology Center that relate to these
5 contributions. They did neither.
6 THE COURT: Then let me indicate to you that I'm
7 going to want you to address what appears to be SCO's failure
8 to clarify or ask for clarification on issues related to the
9 Linux contributions. In my review of the transcript of the
10 initial hearing, I read it closely and find no mention made by
11 Mr. McBride of any of the new requests you are now saying are
12 covered by the order. So be prepared to address that.
13 MR. SINGER: Yes. If I'm -- I mean, our position
14 with respect to our current motion is we're not saying that in
15 the February hearing or in the hearing on AIX and Dynix
16 contributions that the issue was these Linux materials. Our
17 position is, we believe that IBM had said they would produce
19 THE COURT: But the order does not address that,
20 and it does not address it because it was not raised at the
21 time of the hearing.
22 MR. SINGER: I understand, Your Honor. Our
23 position is it was not raised with the Court at the time of
24 the hearing expressly because of the assurance in the letters
25 which we have shown you that are resolving document Request 35
1 and 42 and others saying that IBM will search the files of the
2 Linus Technology Center, and IBM will produce documents that,
3 quote, relate to its Linux contributions.
4 THE COURT: Well, that's why I go back to what the
5 responsibility of each side is, to seek court clarification
6 when something is unclear.
7 MR. SINGER: If we believe that IBM -- or let me
8 put it this way, Your Honor. If we thought IBM was not
9 producing documents at the heart of the case despite saying,
10 we produced documents that relate to Linux contributions, that
11 certainly would have been expressly raised. We believe it is
12 very hard for IBM to take the position that they're taking
13 here, that despite the language of these orders, despite an
14 order we'll get to in a moment that deals with the production
15 of the programmer notes, the history, the revisions in AIX, in
16 Dynix, that the Court could possibly admit that even more
17 central documents relating directly to the Linux contributions
18 themselves did not have to be produced.
19 In this assurance on April 2004, IBM simply said
20 that they undertook a reasonable search for and has produced
21 all nonprivileged, responsive documents including those from
22 the files of Mr. Palmisano and Mr. Wladawasky-Berger, which
23 is, of course, the subject of the other motion which has now
24 been deferred at this time, but this includes all the section
25 of 2.3 of the order.
1 After this, the discovery fight focused on the
2 issue of AIX and Dynix code because that, IBM said, they were
3 not going to produce the revision control information for,
4 CMVC database, RCS database. They weren't going to respond
5 specifically to interrogatory Number 5, all for specific
6 identification of contributions made in programmers who made
7 those with respect to AIX to Dynix and to Linux.
8 As the Court is well aware, there was extensive
9 briefing on this issue, and there was argument, following
10 which in January of this year, the Court entered its order
11 which said that because of the contract theory, the broad
12 scope of discovery, IBM needs to produce that information.
13 The Court ordered it produced. The Court ordered that
14 programming information, related documents from files of 3,000
15 IBM programmers who contributed to AIX and Dynix be produced.
16 IBM filed a motion for reconsideration from that.
17 And they said that is too burdensome. And the Court's
18 response to that said, well, for the present time, it will
19 defer, not remove that obligation from the 3,000 employees who
20 made the most contributions to the AIX and Dynix, but to defer
21 that, and only as a first step require compliance for 100
22 individuals who made the most contributions.
23 In the course of discussions leading to that motion
24 for reconsideration, statements by IBM to us indicated that
25 they were not interpreting that to include as well Linux
1 information had not previously been produced. And so in our
2 opposition to IBM's motion for reconsideration, that was
3 expressly addressed to the Court at that time.
4 And it's indicated that in many instances, there's
5 been a development process which runs from IBM or Sequent
6 programmers immersed in SCO's proprietary UNIX code between
7 the selection of AIX and Dynix material for Linux and the
8 actual contributions to Linux. SCO requires access to that
9 development history including both code and related
10 documentation for exactly the same reason this Court has held
12 SCO needed access to the material evidencing the
13 developers and development process of Dynix and AIX
15 IBM did not respond directly to this other than to
16 say, we're not obligated to produce information that's public.
17 We're just obligated to produce information that's nonpublic,
18 and this should not be ordered.
19 The nonpublic information that they were
20 withholding they never stated in that response includes all
21 the materials relating to that development process.
22 The Court did not limit in any way IBM's
23 obligation. The Court in its order dated April 19, 2005 -- I
24 should say the Court did not limit these obligations relating
25 to Linux. The Court, as I've mentioned and as the Court is
1 aware limited the obligations for the time being on the number
2 of AIX and Dynix files that it needed to review.
3 However, with respect to Linux, the Court's order
4 had no limitation and, we think, made it as clear as it could
5 be that IBM was required to produce all the nonpublic Linux
6 contribution information that it had not previously produced.
7 The Court, this is not our emphasis in underscoring where it
8 says, all nonpublic Linux contribution information," that's
9 the Court's emphasis.
10 Now, we believe that the face of these two orders
11 and IBM's earlier agreement to produce this information that
12 IBM has willfully failed to comply. How can IBM take the
13 position that an internal work plan as to how they're going to
14 make a certain contribution is not a document that, quote,
15 relates to that contribution? How can IBM fairly take the
16 position that a document such as that when it's generated in
17 the Linus Technology Center is not within the scope of
18 documents that are generated by employees in the Linux
19 project? How is that not part of nonpublic Linux contribution
20 information? This is not limited just to the contributions,
21 but the information. It goes to the very core, we submit,
22 Your Honor, of the documents in this case.
23 But even beyond the plain language of the Court's
24 order, we don't believe that the position that IBM apparently
25 is taking can make any sense and be understood as having a
1 rooting in this. First of all, IBM has taken the position
2 that all or virtually all of their contributions to Linux are
3 publicly made. That being the case, if the Court's order were
4 construed as just dealing with contributions themselves,
5 they're virtually a nullity because if contributions
6 themselves are public, that we agree, the publicly accessible
7 information we get publicly. If the Court's orders mean
8 anything, they mean that the nonpublic information that
9 surrounds the public contributions are to be produced.
10 Furthermore, IBM has to know that the Court in its
11 reasoning and its order saying that AIX and Dynix development
12 history is relevant and needs to be produced could not
13 possibly intend to exclude Linux development history,
14 documents relating to the Linux contributions which are even
15 more at the core and the center of the case that concerns
16 whether those contributions were made in violation of our
17 proprietary rights.
18 THE COURT: But, Mr. Singer, I again ask you if in
19 the discussions with IBM you are not receiving these, then why
20 didn't SCO accept the obligation which you appear to accept to
21 ask for clarification?
22 MR. SINGER: Well, Your Honor, as IBM says in its
23 opposition papers, they produced some of the documents. They
24 produced they say tens of thousands of documents that are
25 responsive to this. We don't know how they selected those.
1 We don't know why they produced tens of thousands of documents
2 if they believed they had no obligation or why if they
3 produced that many they didn't produce all of them. So we are
4 receiving along the way certain information.
5 We did raise these issues with IBM, we submit, when
6 we pushed them on item Number 35 back in 2003, and they say,
7 we are producing these. We are going through the Linus
8 Technology Center. We are producing the files that relate to
9 these contributions.
10 We did push them again when in connection with this
11 motion for reconsideration, and in this spring they made the
12 argument that they were not required to detail their Linux
13 contributions. We said, we want to make clear that the
14 Court's order included the Linux contributions. And they
15 refused to do that. We then raised that with the Court, as
16 I've just indicated, in our memorandum dated February 28th,
17 2005. And we believe that any uncertainty in IBM's mind was
18 then clarified by the Court's order that said, all nonpublic
19 information was to be produced. So we believe we have reacted
20 to that.
21 What they have done meanwhile is they never told us
22 they never did what they said they would do and search the
23 files of Linus Technology Center and produce related
24 information. They have presented declarations that said that
25 they produced everything when they now say they haven't even
1 searched for that material.
2 IBM is the party that knows what's in their files.
3 We can draw some inferences from what they are producing to
4 us, but we don't know that full scope. IBM at all times knows
5 exactly what is in their files, and they know exactly what
6 they have produced and what they have not produced.
7 Furthermore, Your Honor, there is another statement
8 by IBM that bears on this. In their responsive brief which
9 they submitted to this Court on this very motion, IBM stated
10 that they should not be required to do this because it would
11 be difficult if not impossible to separate out the
12 contributions from the development history information.
13 And if the Court accepts that, I ask, well, what
14 basis, then, has IBM even been able to confirm to the Court
15 that it's complied with the order to produce nonpublic
16 contribution information if they haven't at least gathered the
17 development information and reviewed that, which they said
18 they haven't done? They have been making judgments,
19 apparently, that none of this information is under these court
20 orders, when, according to Mr. Frei's declaration, they
21 haven't gone about gathering it from the field, reviewing it
22 and making any determinations. You could have documents in
23 the hands of Linus Technology Center employees that
24 specifically say, we are looking to incorporate here
25 technology from Dynix, a derivative product of UNIX System V,
1 in the Linux because it will work better, or admissions of
2 that type. And IBM not only would haven't produced it, but
3 based on the Frei declaration, they would not have even
4 conducted the necessary and thorough search to provide it.
5 The other point IBM makes, Your Honor, is they
6 argue that the Linux information would be too burdensome at
7 this point to produce. And it was in that connection that
8 Mr. Frei's declaration is submitted. We believe the short
9 answer to that is IBM said they would do that search of Linus
10 Technology Center in September of 2003 and produce all
11 documents related to the Linux contributions. So that is
12 something they said they would do over approximately two years
13 ago but they have not done.
14 And further, we think that a statement by IBM of
15 the burden of reviewing files of 300 approximate number of
16 developers is not something which can be viewed as inordinate
17 and burdensome under any case. It is hard to understand that
18 they would be defending this case in the first place without
19 having gathered and reviewed the information that directly
20 relates to how the Linux contributions were prepared and made.
21 Yet, they have not done so.
22 THE COURT: You required them to defend against
23 this case by filing suit against them.
24 MR. SINGER: That's right. Our point is that these
25 documents, Your Honor, go right to the heart of that suit.
1 For them to say they have never gathered and reviewed the
2 documents that show how Linux development has occurred, the
3 rough drafts, the internal work plans, programming notes, that
4 all of that you would think would be the first thing that IBM
5 would look to along with the contributions themselves.
6 IBM can gather information from 300 individuals
7 very easily. They can start by sending an e-mail to those 300
8 individuals which says, send us the development information,
9 all the documents that, in fact, do relate to their Linux
11 We assume that IBM has taken the necessary and
12 appropriate steps to preserve that information upon the
13 commencement of this suit. We submit that that information
14 should be produced in a manner they should work with us that
15 requires the least adjustment, if any, to the discovery
16 schedule in place. For example, we have a number of
17 depositions of programmers coming up, and they should give us
18 an advance of those programmers' depositions the files
19 indicating what it is those programmers were working on.
20 Instead, we have a situation where they're saying,
21 you take blindly these depositions of the programmers. You
22 can ask them what work they did in a deposition, but you
23 shouldn't get the benefit of the files of their desk top or
24 their server which would indicate what work they did in
25 preparing the contribution.
1 Clearly that material is very relevant and is at
2 the heart of this case. And even if it were not the subject
3 of these earlier orders and the earlier agreement by IBM, it
4 should be produced.
5 IBM said that 300 people are spread throughout 10
6 countries. They don't indicate how many of those, in fact,
7 work at the headquarters in Beaverton or in Austin, Texas.
8 But no matter how many places there are, in this day and age,
9 e-mail goes out, and documents come back in from whatever
10 locations that IBM has engaged in.
11 When we asked Dan Frei in his deposition had he
12 turned over everything, his response in his deposition whether
13 he complied with the document request, the file request, he
14 said, I turned over everything. Clearly that's not the case
15 in so far that he has in his possession documents that relate
16 to the contributions made to Linux.
17 Your Honor, one further argument. To the extent
18 that IBM is taking the position that this was not, in fact,
19 called for by Request 35 and Request 42 among others, that is
20 inconsistent with their recently received responses to our
21 Seventh request for production. IBM once it became clear this
22 summer that they have not produced a lot of information
23 because we weren't seeing it regarding Linux development, some
24 examples of which are in our motion, we sent out a Seventh
25 request for production. We tried to deal with it with as
1 great specificity as we could as opposed to general categories
2 of documents relating to Linux contributions, documents
3 relating to 2.4, 2.7 development, we sent out a Seventh
4 request of production that had scores of specific requests.
5 All documents concerning contributions to specific Linux
6 projects, development work, listing specific projects,
7 development work on the contributions to the 2.7 Kernel.
8 Documents relating to the development trees. These are just a
9 few examples.
10 In response to those requests and many other
11 similar requests, IBM stated that these were duplicative of
12 SCO's earlier document requests, including request Number 11
13 and 35. And we submit that suggests, you know very well that
14 SCO 35 which asked for all documents concerning Linux
15 contribution included the very thing that they have not
16 produced despite their agreement to produce all documents
17 relating to Linux.
18 They should have produced this a long time ago,
19 Your Honor. We submit that they have an order to produce it
20 forthwith. And we submit further if the Court agrees with us
21 respectfully that their action has not been appropriate in
22 this regard, and the Court should consider sanctions, as well.
23 THE COURT: Thank you, Mr. Singer.
24 MR. SINGER: Your Honor, this was not in the book.
25 Its a smaller photocopy of this particular chart. It is
2 MR. MARRIOTT: Good morning, Your Honor. David
3 Marriott for IBM.
4 THE COURT: Good morning.
5 MR. MARRIOTT: If I may, I'll just take this down.
6 THE COURT: Sure.
7 MR. MARRIOTT: Your Honor, SCO's motion is premised
8 on the proposition that IBM has by way of Mr. Shaugnessy's
9 declaration and its interaction with counsel in this case and
10 the Court effectively misled the Court with respect to the
11 scope of IBM's production pursuant to the Court orders. And I
12 want to be perfectly clear from the outset that that is
13 absolutely false. We have endeavored, Your Honor, throughout
14 the course of this litigation to conduct ourselves according
15 to the highest of standards of professional conduct, and I
16 believe respectfully, Your Honor, that we have. And we've
17 endeavored to comply with Your Honor's orders in so far as
18 we've understood them as best we could and in all respects.
19 And, in fact, Your Honor, in some instances we have, I think
20 it can fairly be said, gone above and beyond what Your Honor
21 has ordered.
22 Mr. Singer mentioned in the Court's requirement
23 that IBM search for files from 100 developers of AIX and Dynix
24 code. IBM searched for and to the extent it found, Your
25 Honor, produced documents from 150 AIX and Dynix developers.
1 In fairness, Your Honor, I think that our approach to
2 discovery has gone above and beyond that, I hope in the few
3 minutes that I have to demonstrate that to Your Honor.
4 At the risk understating the point, Your Honor,
5 SCO's present motion is to us nothing short of astonishing.
6 In a nutshell, Your Honor, it argues that we agreed from the
7 beginning of the case to effectively produce every document in
8 the company relating to Linux, despite the fact that they've
9 never asked for it. They argue that Your Honor ordered us to
10 produce every document in the company relating to Linux,
11 despite the fact that they didn't move for and apparently we'd
12 already agreed to do it. And then they argue, Your Honor,
13 that in effect, we thumbed our nose at the Court's order. We
14 said that we produced everything that we said we would
15 produce, and then, in fact, we did not, despite the fact that
16 later they're apparently saying in Mr. Frei's declaration
17 exactly what we did do.
18 Your Honor, early in this litigation, SCO made what
19 I think can fairly be characterized as a grandiose public
20 statements about the scope of its case and the breadth and the
21 depth of its evidence. In his February 8 order, Judge Kimball
22 said, quote:
23 Viewed against the backdrop of SCO's plethora of
24 public statements concerning IBM's and others
25 infringement SCO's purported copyrights to the UNIX
1 software, it is astonishing that SCO is not offering
2 any competent evidence to create a disputed fact.
3 Your Honor, in so far as SCO distorts the record on
4 this motion and faults IBM for not complying, which I believe
5 I can show Your Honor to be revisionist versions of Your
6 Honor's orders, its approach here as I would submit in
7 Judge Kimball's words, nothing less than astonishing.
8 I would like, if I may, to make three points. The
9 first of those points is contrary to what Mr. Singer says, IBM
10 did not at any point agree to provide, as SCO suggests, every
11 document in the IBM company relating to Linux or even every
12 document relating to IBM's Linux contributions or the
13 development of Linux. SCO propounded, Your Honor, a very
14 small set of discovery request earlier in this case relating
15 to Linux.
16 And if I may borrow your charts, counsel.
17 MR. SINGER: Sure.
18 MR. MARRIOTT: I think, Your Honor, that SCO says
19 it well in its own chart. In document request Number 11, in
20 document request Number 5:
21 Seek documents relating to contributions to Linux.
22 Contributions to the open source development lab, Linus
23 Torvald, Red Hat.
24 From the beginning of the case, their requests were
25 focused on Linux contributions. Requests don't ask for
1 documents relating to the development of Linux, and they don't
2 ask for every document in the company that relates in any way
3 to Linux.
4 That notwithstanding, Your Honor, when we received
5 these requests we objected to them. And we objected to them
6 because we found that even as they related only to
7 contributions, they were overbroad and unduly burdensome and
8 would require the production of materials not reasonably
9 calculated to lead to admissible evidence. And we set out our
10 objections in our responses and objections to SCO's requests.
11 And if I may approach, Your Honor, we have a binder
12 which I hope -- may I -- which I hope will be of some
13 assistance to the Court. It's in part oriented toward the
14 other motion that has now been put off, Your Honor, but some
15 of the materials here may be useful, and I'll come to them as
16 they do.
17 The point is, Your Honor, in response to the SCO
18 requests, IBM propounded objections because the requests in
19 our mind were broad. For example, Your Honor, as we made
20 clear to SCO from the beginning, IBM's contributions, as
21 anyone's contributions, to Linux are public. Linux is a
22 publicly developing operating system. The contributions
23 themselves are by definition in the public domain.
24 There is one sort of wrinkle, Your Honor, and in
25 one sense in which a contribution which I think isn't a
1 contribution might be said not to be in the public domain. If
2 a person attempts to make a contribution of code to Linux, it
sends an e-mail, for example, to Linus Torvalds. Mr. Torvalds
4 looks at the e-mail and decides the contribution is of no real
5 value, and it doesn't make it into Linux. That I would
6 characterize as an unsuccessful Linux contribution that didn't
7 make it into Linux. Most successful contributions, Your
8 Honor, do make it into the public domain because a person
9 generally contributes to Linux by offering up a contribution
10 on its public website for the world to see those, for the
11 world to evaluate whether the code makes sense to include it
12 or not, and then Linux itself is actually developed in the
13 public domain over the Internet.
14 So there is a very small set of documents, Your
15 Honor, that one would call nonpublic contributions. To the
16 extent IBM made contributions through some indirect means,
17 nonpublic means, and they didn't make it into Linux, which
18 would make them public, we looked for those documents pursuant
19 to Your Honor's order, and we produced it. And to the extent
20 that any in the future are made, that they don't make it into
21 the public domain system because someone within IBM sends it
22 to Linus Torvalds, we will search for them, and if he rejects
23 it and it doesn't make it into the Linux Kernel, we will make
24 those documents available to SCO.
25 Now, Your Honor, let me just pause for a minute and
1 drop the Court a footnote. Though IBM objected to SCO's
2 requests with respect to producing Linux contributions because
3 we thought for the reasons I said, that they were overbroad
4 and burdensome, we did not refuse altogether to search for
5 documents. Your Honor will remember that at the beginning of
6 the case the allegations of the complaint left, we thought us
7 unsure as to what this case was about. And that's what
8 precipitated the set of motion practice about figuring out how
9 we would receive the discovery. And Your Honor set up
10 protocol, as I think of it, by which SCO would identify the
11 code at issue in the case. Once identified, IBM would then
12 provide discovery with respect to that. That is as we
13 understand it has been the protocol in the case.
14 So the footnote is we have provided substantial
15 discovery relating to those very requests. They didn't just
16 find out that we somehow had not, and I will show Your Honor
17 that to be the case. And I will come back to the particulars
18 of what we produced, if I may, shortly, Your Honor.
19 But the point is we never indicated that we would
20 provide, as they suggest in their papers though they back off
21 it a little here this morning, every piece of paper in the
22 company relating either to Linux or even the development of
23 Linux. We indicated that we would undertake a reasonable
24 search for responsive documents based on the allegations of
25 the complaint as we understood them. And the letters that
1 Mr. Shaugnessy that you have displayed here say nothing more
2 than that. IBM will undertake a reasonable search. We did
3 that, and we produced a substantial number of documents, Your
5 We produced -- just to give Your Honor an example,
6 we produced documents from 70 or so custodians, whose
7 documents related essentially only to Linux. And to the
8 extent those custodians had in their files of documents
9 related to Linux, those documents if responsive to these
10 requests were produced. They amount, Your Honor, not to tens
11 of thousands of pages of papers, as Mr. Singer suggests, but
12 they're hundreds of thousands of pages of paper.
13 And with every production, Your Honor, in this
14 case, we have given SCO a log identifying whose documents we
15 were producing and the number of pages of documents being
16 produced. Pursuant to interrogatories early in the case, they
17 asked who the players were, who were making contributions.
18 You've heard different numbers of 7,000 and hundreds of
19 developers being mentioned. They knew exactly what we were
20 doing, Your Honor, all along because the log is a record of
21 exactly whose files we produced it from. So the suggestion
22 that somehow we promised to do a reasonable search and then
23 reneged on that only from their position to give them nothing
24 which they just found out, is frankly not true.
25 Back to the first point after that long footnote,
1 Your Honor. We did not agree to give them every document in
2 the company relating to Linux. We simply did not. The
3 parties met and conferred over a course of days for a total of
4 several hours about these original requests, Your Honor. None
5 of the lawyers sitting at this table were involved in any of
6 those negotiations. Mr. Shaugnessy was, and Mr. Ligh was.
7 And they tell me that they made perfectly clear to SCO that we
8 were not turning IBM upside down to produce pieces of paper
9 from every single person in the company that might have a
10 document related to Linux.
11 We also made clear, despite what Mr. Singer
12 suggests, Your Honor, throughout the case in our papers that
13 we were not doing that. Not just the production logs, but we
14 made it abundantly clear in this litigation what we were
16 And, Your Honor, the suggestion here that we agreed
17 to do this sometime ago is a suggestion that comes for the
18 very first time in a litigation two and a half years old in a
19 reply brief. That reply brief is in stark opposition to what
20 SCO said in its moving papers on the very same subject. And I
21 point Your Honor to Page 5 of their opening brief in which
22 they say, quote:
23 IBM has persistently denied SCO this discovery.
24 And that's absolutely right. We have persistently
25 declined to turn the company upside down to provide every
1 scrap of paper that might relate to Linux. Your Honor, Linux
2 is a pervasive thing. It is like saying to the computer
3 company, give us every document that relates to computers.
4 The notion that they asked for that and we would agree to that
5 is frankly absurd.
6 My second point, Your Honor, is that contrary to
7 what counsel for SCO suggests, we do not believe that Your
8 Honor's orders required IBM to produce documents in any way,
9 shape or form relating to Linux from all of the people in IBM
10 as their papers suggest, although again this morning they back
11 off of that, we're now talking about hundreds of people. Just
12 so there's no doubt, Your Honor, in describing the Court's
13 orders, I do not presume to speak for you or tell you what you
14 intended. I'm comfortable that Your Honor will tell us what
15 these words in your mind meant, and we will all live by it.
16 But what I do want to communicate is what we understood the
17 orders to mean, and what we understood them to mean, Your
18 Honor, not in our fanciful imaginations, but from the language
19 used by the Court and from the context in which the Court used
20 that language.
21 Chronology, Your Honor, and context here are
22 important. They're important because these orders did not
23 issue against a blank slate. They issued against a set of
24 discovery disputes and prior hearings and prior orders. And
25 without going into all the detail, I want to tell Your Honor a
1 little bit about that. Well, it takes more time than I would
2 like. I think its important to our understanding of the
3 these orders.
4 The first order, Your Honor, that SCO suggests in
5 its papers and here again today that IBM has violated
6 throughout the course of discovery is the Court's March 3,
7 2004, order.
8 And again if I may borrow this chart. May I
10 MR. SINGER: Certainly.
11 MR. MARRIOTT: As I suggested, Your Honor, you will
12 recall that at the beginning of this litigation, there was a
13 dispute among the parties as to how discovery should proceed.
14 And in IBM's view, the SCO complaint failed to disclose with
15 requisite particularity what the case was about such that we
16 were left perplexed as to how precisely we were to go about
17 producing documents relating to a subject like Linux like
18 computers without knowing more specifically what the case was
19 about. And we asked Your Honor to require them to provide
20 some details.
21 About the same time that we moved, they made a
22 competing motion to compel, which is the motion were
23 effectively here on in a renewed fashion today. Your Honor
24 said at the outset that you were going to hold their request
25 for production in abeyance. You said, I want you to go first,
1 SCO, and tell IBM what's going on here and to state sua sponte
2 all their discovery until they provide the information. That
3 was in December.
4 We came back to the Court in February. Your Honor
5 asked me whether I thought SCO had complied. And I said that
6 was difficult to say for certain. That was a judgment Your
7 Honor should make. You subsequently made that judgment in
8 your order from March 3rd and lifted the stay and required
9 some discovery of SCO because Your Honor found, I believe in
10 effect, in the order that there was still more that could be
11 provided. And your order, Your Honor, ordered IBM to
12 undertake certain things.
13 It's important in understanding I think what the
14 Court's order means to reflect back on what SCO asked for. If
15 you look again at SCO's request, Your Honor, Mr. Singer put on
16 here 11, 35, 42. I believe, Your Honor, that the only
17 requests at issue in the motion to compel were 11 and 35. And
18 what was argued then by myself and Mr. Heigh on behalf of SCO
19 at that hearing was that IBM should be required to provide all
20 of its contributions to Linux. Not surprisingly because
21 that's what the requests are actually about. And we argued,
22 Your Honor, that that didn't make sense because the
23 contributions were by definition public, and they could go get
24 them for themselves on the Internet.
25 In Your Honor's words, Your Honor said that SCO
1 should endeavor as best it could to get what publicly was
2 available concerning IBM's Linux contributions, and to the
3 extent there was nothing that might not be public, for
4 example, a failed contribution that didn't make its way to the
5 public where it had failed, IBM should provide that. And as I
6 said at the outset, Your Honor, that we have done.
7 Now, also at this hearing, though not raised in the
8 papers, not squarely before the Court, counsel for SCO,
9 Mr. Heigh, made essentially two additional arguments. First
10 he said in effect, we're concerned that IBM is omitting
11 documents from the files of senior executives. That was
12 untrue, Your Honor, but that was his concern at the time.
13 Second argument that Mr. Heigh made was that IBM, according to
14 a public report, had in the late fall of 1999 undertaken a
15 project to decide what its Linux strategy would be and figure
16 out whether it would embrace Linux. Mr. Heigh waived around
17 the article, and the Court later refered to in its order.
18 Mr. Heigh said in effect, this is important. We need to have
19 this document. They haven't produced it to us.
20 In Your Honor's words, you among other things begin
21 in Paragraph 2 by reiterating that IBM is required to produce
22 those contributions which are not public. You then go on in
23 Paragraph 2, Your Honor, I believe in response to Mr. Heigh's
24 argument, in the first two sentences to essentially say, as I
25 read that, that IBM shouldn't omit documents from executives.
1 IBM is to provide documents and materials generated
2 by and in the possession of employees that have been and
3 are currently involved in the Linux project. IBM is to
4 include materials and documents from executives
5 including Sam Palmisano and Irving Wladawasky-Berger.
6 That to me was saying, IBM, do not exclude in your
7 production of documents from your high level executives, which
8 again, we weren't doing, but the concern was expressed, and I
9 believe Your Honor addressed it in that order.
10 The Court then goes on I believe in the following
11 sentence to address Mr. Heigh's request for information
12 concerning the decision made by IBM in '99 to embrace Linux.
13 And Your Honor specifically asked IBM to include that document
14 and the materials related to that document. And you quote
15 from it there by referring to IBM's ambitious Linux strategy.
16 And that decision -- the article itself is here, Your Honor,
17 on the first page. It says:
18 Less than two months later, a few days before
19 Christmas, IBM had fashioned and Louie Gerstner, Jr.,
20 the chairman, had approved an ambitious Linux strategy.
21 That is what I believe Your Honor is referring to
22 in your order, the decision at that point in time by IBM to do
23 something which was then not traditional and embrace an open
24 source project like Linux.
25 We understood Your Honor's order to say, don't omit
1 to the extent they have documents responsive to these
2 requests, documents from your high level executives. We
3 weren't doing that. We'd first begun searching for
4 Mr. Wladawasky-Berger's files, Your Honor, I believe in
5 August of '03, well before this motion to compel which came
6 before the Court.
7 In the last portion of the order here, Your Honor
9 The Court finds these materials relevant because
10 they may contain information regarding the use or
11 alleged use of source code of IBM in its
13 To us, Your Honor, what that meant is IBM
14 undertakes the '99 and adopts it. And there's a consideration
15 then of whether we shouldn't adopt it because it may be code
16 in Linux which properly shouldn't be there.
17 What that order does not say anywhere so far as I
18 can tell, Your Honor, is that IBM is required to produce every
19 document in the company relating to Linux, every document in
20 the company relating to the development of Linux, or even
21 anything about IBM's Linux contributions.
22 The Court in Paragraph 2 immediately before says:
23 IBM need not produce its Linux contributions in so
24 far as they are publicly available.
25 SCO's position, Your Honor, that the language in
1 Paragraph 3 swept broadly to require the production of
2 everything related to Linux or everything related to the
3 development of Linux is impossible to reconcile with
4 Paragraph 2, under which Your Honor said quite plainly we are
5 not required to produce every document in Linux. If their
6 interpretation that this is right, Paragraph 2 would be
8 Moreover, the footnote, which is not -- it is up
9 there. The footnote makes specific reference again to
10 Mr. Heigh's pitch to the Court that we ought not be omitting
11 documents related to -- from the files of executives, and we
12 ought to be looking for documents related to that strategy.
13 We did that, Your Honor. Not for a minute did we
14 consider that the Court was by that provision saying, forget
15 the protocol of the months past, forget that SCO's to go first
16 and tell us what's at issue and IBM with respect to what's
17 been disclosed come forward and give us a little bit, give us
18 discovery as to that, or we are going to go from broad to
19 narrow until we reach a point where we have an issue we might
20 actually try.
21 Never for a minute did we think that was completely
22 out the window, because now SCO had, never having asked for
23 it, never having moved on it, an order that said, IBM, produce
24 everything in the company that's related to the Linux. And
25 that, Your Honor, is how they read this clause.
1 Such materials -- produce such materials from Linux
2 strategy or provide documents in the Linux project.
3 Which presumably they read to mean Linux. Produce
4 any materials related to Linux.
5 Your Honor, not only would that reading entirely
6 make irrelevant Paragraph 2 of Your Honor's order and not only
7 would it totally gut the protocol which I understood the Court
8 to put into place, but it would have been impossible to do.
9 IBM is a company of 320,000 people. That's more people than
10 there are in the city of Salt Lake City. The notion that we
11 were going to somehow without bounds, which they're trying to
12 now put to read this to say, search for files from
13 everywhere -- and by the way, searching for files by last
14 check did not in their view amount to simply sending an
15 e-mail. Not to argue the motion Mr. Shaughnessy intends to
16 argue, Your Honor, but you remember that we've been faulted
17 for affidavits which have all sorts of apparent deficiencies
18 according to them. Those affidavits were generated following
19 a very careful and comprehensive search of people's files, not
20 by sending an e-mail. Do you think for a minute if we just
21 sent an e-mail they would be content with that production? I
22 would submit to you, Your Honor, they wouldn't.
23 The way you collect documents as a general matter
24 is to identify the people whose files deserve a search, to
25 undertake, to communicate to them what the nature of the
1 documents we're looking for, in many cases interview them, to
2 collect the documents which result from that and appear that
3 they may be responsive, to carefully review them for privilege
4 and for responsiveness, to segregate out the privileged
5 documents, to take those documents, and if they are responsive
6 put them on a log, to prepare the other documents for
7 production, and to have CDs cut and produce them. It is not a
8 trivial process.
9 According to SCO, Your Honor, though I don't
10 believe the Court's order actually says how much time we have
11 to do what's ordered here, according to the SCO letter sent to
12 us following this order, they expect a compliance in 45 days.
13 So they're now telling you we were supposed to go to the files
14 of everybody or just take the argument that is being advanced
15 today, to 300, and we were supposed to search the files in a
16 meaningful way of 300 people and produce all of the documents
17 that related in any way to Linux, and we were supposed to do
18 it in 45 days. Your Honor, it strains credulity to think that
19 that's what we reasonably could have understood this order to
21 Let me just add, Your Honor, let there be no doubt
22 what we understood this order to mean. When we got it, we
23 sent a letter to SCO, and we said to them, this is the way we
24 understand Paragraph 3. We understand Paragraph 3 to require
25 us to search the files of the executives, and we understand it
1 to be calling for documents relating to what Your Honor says
2 in the order, the IBM documents.
3 They responded. They expressed some concern, and
4 these letters are in the book, which I provided to the Court.
5 They responded. And in their response, Deiter Goodstone,
6 another lawyer for SCO, expresses some concern that perhaps
7 IBM is trying to say that its only going to search in the
8 files of its executives for documents relating to that. And
9 we responded and said, no. We understand that this particular
10 provision to be responsive to Mr. Heigh to be saying, make the
11 documents related to the decision from the files available and
12 don't omit the files of executives. But we understand your
13 other requests of SCO. We are not omitting from our
14 production documents which otherwise might be responsive
15 merely because they don't relate to that document.
16 And again, we haven't done that. We have produced
17 files from 216 custodians. By contrast SCO has produced 65.
18 We have produced documents in the order of millions of pages
19 of paper. At least hundreds of thousands of them, I'm told
20 roughly 700,000, relate to Linux and Linux development and the
22 Your Honor, we have done the best we can do with
23 what we have from them with respect to what we are supposed
24 to -- with respect to what this case is about. And I will
25 remind you, that with respect to what in Linux they have
1 rights to, you remember we asked and propounded in
2 Interrogatory 13. Your Honor twice ordered them to respond to
3 it. We still don't have what we believe is an adequate
4 response. That's the interrogatory in which they say, here
5 are the contributions that are a problem. We own them.
6 Here's our right to them. Here's how you violated it. We
7 still don't have the answer to that. Yet, they say, under
8 Your Honor's order, the trivial discovery we did do. Yet, in
9 their view, they now have an order which conveniently they're
10 interpreting to say, forget all of that. Give it all to them.
11 We now have carte blanche for every piece of paper in the
12 company. And if you don't produce it, they suggest today, we
13 will contend that you improperly failed to retain responsive
14 documents because you didn't produce every document in the
15 company, which is what Mr. Singer's reference, I believe, was
17 The bottom line, Your Honor, is in our judgment,
18 one cannot reasonably read these orders as requiring the
19 production of every document in the company related to Linux
20 or even every document related to the development of Linux.
21 There are hundreds of people within IBM's Linus Technology
22 Center, 300 or so developers. We produced documents from at
23 least 50 of those developers and 70 people overall that we
24 believed to have information relating to the development of
25 Linux. That alone is more than the entire set of the
1 custodians from whom SCO has produced documents in the case.
2 Let me, if I may, Your Honor, just move briefly to
3 the last of the Court's order, which is alleged that IBM
4 violated. That is the April 19 order. As Mr. Singer has
5 properly said, that order arose out of a dispute among the
6 parties with respect to AIX, and in particular, whether IBM
7 should be required to produce all of the development history
8 for those UNIX products, not for Linux. And as Your Honor
9 knows, we took the position that we shouldn't have to. Your
10 Honor disagreed with us and ordered us to do it, and we did.
11 In the context of that order, we understood some of
12 the Court's language to perhaps suggest that we were supposed
13 to search the files of 3,000. That concerned us. We raised
14 that with counsel for SCO, who rather than saying, well, we
15 understand that's not what we suspect the Court meant, but
16 what's in it for us? Rather than say that, rather than
17 express the alarm that now has been suggested was expressed
18 about our saying that we were not going to also produce Linux
19 because the order has nothing to do with that, so declined, we
20 raised in our opening brief this issue. SCO responded in its
21 reply in its opposition, and it was further addressed in our
23 In Your Honor's order, what the Court did, as I
24 understand it, and in the orders in the booklet that we
25 provided to the Court, Your Honor basically said, I reiterate
1 what I said before. IBM produce its nonpublic Linux
2 contributions. And Your Honor went on to say, because here we
3 were talking about an interrogatory that IBM should make sure
4 that if there were people who made these contributions whose
5 identity isn't abundantly clear, you should identify those
6 people and provide contact information. And we did that.
7 The word "information," Your Honor, was then
8 introduced into the equation. And SCO then seized upon the
9 use of the word "information" in that order to say, ah-hah,
10 the Court's not just requiring the production of Linux
11 contributions, it's saying contribution information. And what
12 that must mean is IBM has to produce everything in the company
13 relating to Linux or at a minimum, the development of Linux.
14 And again, Your Honor, we would submit that the
15 Court's order, which we thought was clearly reiterating what
16 had been done before, if it intended to require IBM to produce
17 documents from the files of hundreds if not thousands of
18 people related to Linux, it would have said so, especially
19 when in context Your Honor was saying in that order, for now
20 just produce documents from 100.
21 Yet, their position is, you're saying it
22 simultaneously, produce from just 100 from AIX and Dynix,
23 which we've now had lots of oral argument on, motions and
24 other documents squarely been focused on. That is limited to
25 100, but they contend we were simultaneously nearly
1 subsequential ordered to produce everything under the sun,
2 again, they say, relating to Linux. And I respectfully
3 submit, Your Honor, that that interpretation does not survive
5 The last point, Your Honor, and I will sit down, is
6 simply that independent of the Court's order, Your Honor,
7 which, again, we don't -- we've never read and don't believe
8 require the production of the kind that is suggested by SCO,
9 we don't respectfully believe there is any reason to require
10 the production of this information. Again, the Court's
11 protocol was quite clear. SCO produces. IBM then goes from
12 there. We still don't have a detailed response to our
13 argument to Article 13.
14 What we have produced rather than saying, forget
15 it. We're giving you nothing because we don't have a response
16 to your Article 13, we have gone out in so far as we can
17 determine is a bound for a reasonable search and produced
18 files from -- we've produced documents from the files of
19 people in Linus Technology Center. And respectfully, they
20 aren't just figuring this out. They deposed some of these
21 people. They have the logs that say it. There is no mystery
22 about it.
23 Your Honor, in addition, we do believe -- and I
24 won't burden the Court with this point, these arguments have
25 been made before, and I think they stand true today -- there
1 no reason for the production now given the protocol Your Honor
2 has set out for this information. We have produced the
3 contributions that are available. To the extent there were
4 nonpublic things that really didn't qualify as contributions
5 but were failed effort, they have been made available. We
6 have produced, you know, the equivalent of billions of lines
7 and literally hundreds of millions of lines of AIX and Dynix
8 code, all of the development information from that
10 What you don't see, Your Honor, in anything before
11 the Court today is any use of that information. What you
12 don't see is SCO saying, you know, they produced all of this.
13 Here's now what we know. We can define and focus the issues.
14 We have produced millions of pages of paper that
15 apparently are of absolutely no value to SCO. At a minimum,
16 they are not moving this towards a solution. The closer we
17 get to the close of the case, the more questions we have, the
18 more discovery apparently is needed. And we'll deal with I
19 suppose further, Your Honor, with a request for depositions.
20 Finally, it would be an enormous burden to produce
21 these materials. We have produced in the case today as I said
22 from 200-and-I-believe-16 custodians. SCO has produced 65.
23 That has taken two and a half years. Now as if it's done in
24 weeks, counsel for SCO suggests that we should be required in
25 the briefs they say everyone in the company, which one can't
1 believe they really mean. They say 100 people within the
2 Linus Technology Center. That is not a small undertaking. It
3 would be an expensive and all, frankly, Your Honor, for
4 essentially no gain because they have already all that is
6 Thank you, Your Honor.
7 THE COURT: Thank you, Mr. Marriott.
8 Mr. Singer, I'll give you 10 minutes if you want to
10 MR. SINGER: Thank you.
11 First, Your Honor, these requests are not directed
12 to everything in the company. The particular focus of this
13 that we are asking the Court to rule either has already been
14 required or should be required forthwith are the documents
15 created by the Linus Technology Center that have not been
16 produced to date, that are nonpublic and they relate to IBM
17 contributions that have actually been made to the outside
19 Now, to the extent there are documents that are in
20 the public domain, that's not included. To the extent there
21 was work on dead ends that didn't actually result in
22 contributions, that's not included. To the extent that it
23 includes people outside the Linus Technology Center, that one
24 can debate about, but there should be no debate about within
25 the Linus Technology Center or the Open Source Steering
1 Committee, those two groups, because that's what they said
2 they would review going all the way back to the beginning of
3 the case.
4 The second point I would like to make, Your Honor,
5 is that the Linux development that occurs in the public does
6 not obviate the need for this information. There's no
7 question that a lot of Linux development does occur in public.
8 There is also no question that IBM has not just out of thin
9 air created these contributions and then presented them to the
10 public or produced to the public all the underlying memos,
11 e-mails, drafts, work plans that go into the creation of those
12 contributions. That's what were talking about. But if the
13 contribution is relevant, if we're deposing a programmer about
14 the contribution and what they relied on in making that
15 contribution, so clearly relevant and fell within the scope of
16 these orders and their earlier agreement to get those files
17 from those several hundred people in the center.
18 Now, on that Mr. Marriott says, well, we have given
19 you information from 50 developers, to which I say, how were
20 they selected? If they didn't have this obligation at all,
21 how did they pick 50 developers? What did they select from
22 those 50 developer files to give us and not give us?
23 Mr. Frei's declaration simply says in sweeping
24 terms that, we would have to go to hundreds of developers and
25 produce all of their information. And he suggests none of
1 that has already been done. Has than been done completely for
2 50 developers? Why them not the other Linus Technology Center
3 developers? In September of 2003, Your Honor, they did not
4 make such a distinction.
5 Now, I'd like to briefly respond on each of the
6 particular orders of things that we have not previously
7 covered. First of all, there is the issue of the request.
8 The request Number 11 dealt with the actual code, the
9 contributions. Request Number 35 and 42 go beyond that.
10 35 talks about documents concerning those contributions, as
11 does 42. That is broader than the contributions themselves.
12 Mr. Marriott did not respond to the fact that if
13 this request in the Court's subsequent order only means
14 contributions themselves and the contributions are made
15 public, then all of this is essentially a nullity. It has to
16 be nonpublic information. And for those contributions, what
17 IBM said they would do would be review the documents in the
18 Linus Technology Center and that they would produce the
19 documents that relate to those contributions. That was clear
20 in the September 15th and in the October letters. We had the
21 right to rely on what IBM's counsel said in that regard. Not
22 that they were searching the whole company, not that they were
23 giving us every document, but that they were going to the
24 Linus Technology Center and the Open Source Committee and that
25 they were producing documents that related to the actual
1 contributions that they had made, not to every open source
2 project, but to Linux. And no protocol ever trumped that
4 Now, with respect to the February 4th hearing,
5 we've acknowledged the focus of that hearing was on the issues
6 of public versus nonpublic code and executive files. We do
7 not believe this was an issue. The Court's order, however,
8 went beyond that. We believe, I mean, the Court will know
9 what it meant by its order. We're only dealing with the plain
10 language of that order. And the plain language of that order
11 is broader than simply the executives. That includes
12 materials from the executives but not limited. And to the
13 extent the Court is telling IBM that information may be
14 included which shows the misuse of source code by IBM and its
15 contributions to Linux, what's more clearly is at the center
16 of that the people at the Linus Technology Center itself.
17 Maybe IBM right now its reasonable argument if it needed to
18 search people throughout the company outside the Linus
19 Technology Center, but how can they make the argument with
20 respect to the people inside of the Linus Technology Center
21 whose job is to come up with those contributions and when
22 we're talking about the actual contributions that they made
23 from that center to the public?
24 And then there's the issue of the January 18th
25 order that deals with AIX and Dynix. We have heard no
1 explanation as to how IBM could reasonably believe that the
2 Court could find relevant and require the production of AIX
3 and Dynix programmer's notes, source, drafts, work papers and
4 the like, but that that is not included with respect to Linux
6 THE COURT: Because hasn't Mr. McBride argued
7 throughout that it related to AIX and Dynix? He did not
8 broaden the argument.
9 MR. SINGER: Your Honor, our argument -- accepting
10 that Mr. McBride did not broaden that argument, we submit that
11 they -- given the fact that they knew they had said they
12 reviewed the Linus Technology Center and produced related
13 documents and knowing that if the Court says this range of
14 documents at AIX and Dynix is relevant, how could -- we submit
15 that IBM could not reasonably believe that the Linux was not
17 But we did raise that before the Court in
18 opposition to the motion for reconsideration this spring. And
19 IBM at that point only talked about the nonpublic versus
20 public issue. The Court's order at that time says, all,
21 nonpublic Linux contribution information. Again, we're
22 dealing just with the language of that. To us, "all" means
23 all, and the information means any code itself, especially
24 when the code they say has all publicly been contributed.
25 The Court also noted below that the production is
1 to be specific in nature including any code contributed that
2 is otherwise not publicly known.
3 Your Honor, the Court will know what it intended,
4 and we can go by these orders. The argument we submit is that
5 this was within the scope of what was agreed to be produced as
6 reflected in the objections to the Seventh request where IBM
7 said, what you're asking for now is included in the scope of
8 Request 35. They can't have it both ways. They can't say,
9 you didn't request this, it's not related to Linux
10 contribution; and then say, we are duplicating an earlier
12 So in our view, Your Honor, the Court should either
13 find that this information was called for or should clearly
14 find it's relevant. There's no serious argument that it's not
15 relevant. It goes to the very core of what these programmers
16 are doing. We should not be required to depose a programmer
17 about his contribution -- his or her contributions to Linux
18 without having the file from that programmer which shows the
19 notes, the e-mails, the work plans used to create that
21 With respect to the burden, we do not believe that
22 300 people at the core of the project, 50 of whom apparently
23 have already gathered some undefined set of material from
24 Linux is unreasonable for IBM to be ordered to provide. That
25 is at the very core of this case.
1 Now, with respect to material that has been
2 produced, Judge Kimball ordered us by October 24th to provide
3 our interim disclosures of the technology and supplement that
4 with the final disclosure in December. We are working on that
5 and. We intend to fully comply with the order, which is the
6 current order we understand we are operating under with
7 respect to those mentioned by identification.
8 THE COURT: Does that encompass interrogatory
9 Number 13?
10 MR. SINGER: It would encompass supplementing
11 interrogatories to SCO which have asked for information
12 relating to the nature of what we believe has been
13 misappropriated. I don't have 13 in front of me, Your Honor,
14 if that's such the interrogatory that would include that.
15 Thank you, Your Honor.
16 THE COURT: Thank you.
17 MR. MARRIOTT: May I make a suggestion, Your Honor,
18 without any further argument? Again -- well, with further
19 argument. We really do believe these materials are
20 irrelevant. As I said, we've produced files from the
21 documents of 216, and a significant number of them are Linux
22 distributors. What I heard Mr. Singer saying is what he
23 really wants is to have the documents for the developers he's
24 going to depose.
25 We are agreeable, Your Honor, if SCO wants to give
1 us a list of the 20 developers that they think they've got to
2 depose and they want to give us a fair opportunity to meet
3 with these people and to collect the documents and if we could
4 put this to rest, we will go to -- they choose the people,
5 because I don't want them to complain that we chose the wrong
6 people later on, they know who the people are. They know who
7 they want to depose. They told the Court recently in an order
8 they had a pretty good sense of what they were going to do by
9 way of deposition. We will go to the files of those 20
10 people, and to the extent documents are there that haven't
11 been produced from whomever they select, we will provide them.
12 Thank you, Your Honor.
13 THE COURT: Thank you. Counsel, I'm ready to rule
14 with regard to this in general terms.
15 The Court finds that based upon what's before me,
16 the memorandums, the review of the transcripts, the
17 affidavits, the correspondence, I find from that as well as
18 from the argument of counsel that IBM did not agree as argued
19 by SCO to provide the information related to Linux.
20 Further, I find that the issue of discovery as SCO
21 now argues should be included in the order as it relates to
22 Linux was not raised before the Court. It was not understood
23 by the Court as part of the request. It was not contemplated
24 in the orders that have been prepared by the Court. And IBM
25 has appropriately interpreted the Court's orders. And that I
1 find specifically that SCO's interpretation of the orders
2 takes out of context the Court's what I believe to be clear
4 And I also find that Mr. Shaugnessy's affidavits
5 are sufficiently in compliance with the requirements of the
6 Court to explain those efforts made and those documents not
8 So I find that IBM has, in fact, complied with the
9 orders of the Court, and I would deny except as has been now
10 acknowledged will be provided SCO's motion to compel.
11 I also want to address this issue with regard to
12 SCO's compliance with -- it is Interrogatory Number 13, isn't
13 it, about the source code? Now, that's why I asked you the
14 question, Mr. Singer, why has that not been complied with?
15 MR. SINGER: Your Honor, we understand the Court's
16 order that set forth the two specific dates, one interim and
17 one final, to be dates by which we are to supply specific
18 information about what technology has been misappropriated and
19 to update the responses to interrogatories, and we fully
20 intend to do so by those dates. We are working on that. We
21 have not reached a final determination here, but we believe
22 that the order gives us until October 24th to comply with that
24 THE COURT: Any comment on that, Mr. Marriott?
25 MR. MARRIOTT: No, Your Honor.
1 THE COURT: All right. Then that will be required.
2 All right. We have the other matter that relates
3 to the depositions that we need to address.
4 MR. SINGER: May I approach?
5 THE COURT: Certainly.
6 MR. SINGER: Your Honor --
7 THE COURT: I'm reminded by Mr. Willey that there's
8 been discussion about the dismissal of the patent claims and
9 that that may affect this question of depositions. So if you
10 would address that, please.
11 MR. SINGER: I will, Your Honor.
12 Your Honor, this is our motion seeking an
13 additional 25 depositions beyond the existing 40 that both
14 parties have in the existing order.
15 As of the present time, SCO has taken 18
16 depositions and has noticed 14 additional depositions, which
17 when completed would bring that to 32 of the 40. IBM for its
18 part has currently taken 16 depositions and has noticed 17
19 additional depositions be taken, which would bring that to 33.
20 We are raising this motion now rather than waiting
21 until the 40 depositions are exhausted because it's necessary
22 to plan our discovery schedule with that in mind what that
23 total will be. This is a complex case with many issues, and
24 even with IBM's dropping of patent claims that could have been
25 dropped a long time ago before a lot of work was done because
1 clearly their reason for dropping it as they say SCO didn't
2 have many sales there is the information that they would have.
3 But be that as it may, they decided this week to withdraw
4 these claims.
Your Honor, that does not eliminate the need for
6 additional depositions. The chart that I've given you that
7 lists in five columns different individuals is taken from
8 IBM's response to an interrogatory where they sought to
9 identify those witnesses as having knowledge of various
10 subjects. This list I believe which we've reproduced here
11 excludes individuals that have already been deposed, and it
12 shows that IBM's own response to interrogatories, there's
13 about 80 names on this list, there are numerous individuals,
14 go well beyond the 40 that IBM itself has identified as having
15 material information on these topics.
16 The patent claims amounts to about nine of that
17 list of 80. There are many issues in this case beyond patent
18 claims. And while that reduces the need somewhat, it does not
19 really get to the core of the fact that every issue has been
20 contested by IBM. They have produced declarations from
21 individuals going back to the source code, licenses, when they
22 were entered into in 1985. We have taken depositions of those
23 declarants. There's issues regarding copyright ownership that
24 involves people not only at IBM but people at Novell. There
25 are issues regarding the Linux development, the AIX
1 development. In a case of this scope, a request for 65
2 depositions we submit is not unreasonable. This is not a case
3 where IBM has just taken 10 depositions and they said, how can
4 we need more than 40? They will be at 33, and we will be at
5 32 after we complete just the depositions that are currently
7 In addition to this information, Your Honor, we
8 have produced two other lists here which is work taken from
9 discovery the Courts previously have ordered as well as other
10 work to try to identify individuals who are programmers who
11 have made contributions to Linux and at the same time
12 previously worked on Dynix and have knowledge of a derivative
13 product which is within the scope of our protected technology.
14 That list of 16 identifies individuals, which while there's
15 some overlap on these lists, but for the most part goes beyond
17 Then there were other individuals which are listed
18 in the list of 20 which are individuals who have experience in
19 AIX or more generally in Dynix and who have made Linux
20 contributions of particular types of this in the third column.
21 We think the initial motion gives a particular
22 sufficient basis for why we need more depositions, and it
23 certainly if that did not in supplemental information shows
24 why it would be appropriate for the Court to expand to 60 or
25 65 the number of depositions which party should take.
1 We are not asking for any modification of the
2 discovery deadlines. There are numerous lawyers involved on
3 both sides of this case, and we have months remaining within
4 those deadlines to take this discovery. It can be done within
5 the existing scope of discovery provided by the current
7 IBM in its response, Your Honor, says that if we
8 get additional depositions, then for every additional
9 deposition we get they should be allowed a second day to take
10 a deposition of one of SCO's witnesses. And we don't see how
11 that at all follows. If they needed more time to depose one
12 of our witnesses beyond the seven hours provided, and the
13 current order says each side can designate two witnesses that
14 can be deposed for two days, but if they needed more time than
15 seven hours, they should ask for it on its own right. If they
16 don't need it, the mere fact that we need to depose more than
17 40 witnesses does not give them the right to take a longer
18 deposition than they need of our witnesses. Those two are not
19 going to follow, and we assume that IBM doesn't intend to
20 simply harrass our witnesses by deposing them for two days if
21 one day would suffice. If they need two days, they should
22 make that request on it own basis.
23 But, Your Honor, we do need these additional
24 depositions. Even with the witnesses that are currently
25 listed, we are at 32 out of 40. There are many other
1 witnesses who have material knowledge of this, and we suggest
2 it is an appropriate modification of the order.
3 THE COURT: Thank you, Mr. Singer.
4 MR. MARRIOTT: Thank you, Your Honor. I will be
5 brief. The rules -- I will really try to be brief.
6 The rules presumptively, Your Honor, give the
7 parties each 10 depositions. We agreed early in the case this
8 is a case in which more will probably be required. We came to
9 the agreement of 40. And from our perspective, there is no
10 reason why 40 shouldn't suffice. In earlier papers before the
11 Court, SCO told Judge Kimball that on the patent side of the
12 case it requires as much as 65 depositions on patent issues.
13 In its moving papers here, Your Honor, SCO suggests this
14 morning it's now nine witnesses.
15 And as of yesterday, Your Honor, IBM for reasons
16 set out in the paper -- in our opposition papers withdrew IBM
17 patent claims. With the patent claims gone, Your Honor, it's
18 hard to see a need for any more depositions. Indeed, arguably
19 less depositions are required. We aren't proposing to the
20 Court to lower the limit of depositions. There seems to be no
21 additional basis for that. That showing hasn't been made
22 here. There is no reason for us to have any more than 40 in
23 this case. That is an extraordinary number, four times the
24 presumptive limit.
25 As to the idea, Your Honor, that the number of
1 depositions that are proposed can be conducted on the current
2 schedule, I think that's simply at odds with the party's
3 experience in the case. By our count, SCO has taken 16
4 depositions of its allotted 40, not 18. Over the course of
5 the case, Your Honor, the parties have taken on average a
6 deposition a month. In the busiest of months, there were 10
7 depositions. Under the SCO proposal, as we say in our
8 opposition papers, it would be necessary to have 25
9 depositions a month in the four months that remain. And
10 that's assuming that IBM reserves 10 for defensive discovery
11 and SCO reserves five for defensive discovery. So the notion
12 I think as a practical matter that a request for 65
13 depositions a side for a total of 130 depositions when the
14 rules presumptively allow 20, I think its unrealistic to
15 think that's not going to have a negative impact on the
16 schedule in the case.
17 SCO has suggested in the piece of paper provided,
18 Your Honor, that there are 20 persons who are, it seems
19 apparent, important to their presentation. He proposes to
20 depose those 20 and it's perhaps from these 20 that would
21 extend -- the documents haven't been provided, ask to be
22 provided in discovery. But I don't believe there is any need
23 for additional depositions.
24 We do propose in our suggestion that if the Court
25 is inclined to give anything, in fairness IBM should be
1 allowed additional days with existing SCO witnesses rather
2 than just additional deposition. That's not why we're trying
3 to have extra -- things in an uneven way, but rather because
4 as SCO says in its papers, there are a lot more IBM people to
5 depose than SCO people. There are fewer SCO people who have
6 more information which will take longer to develop. And for
7 that reason, we request the motion be denied. Thank you.
8 MR. SINGER: Very briefly, Your Honor. The 40
9 depositions per side figures were arrived at before any
10 counterclaims were asserted by IBM. They asserted at least
11 10. The withdrawal of three patent counterclaims does not
12 deal with the fact that they've asserted additional
13 counterclaims dealing with copyright and other things which
14 expanded beyond the original 40. We believe we've made a
15 specific showing, and the material will be provided as to why
16 we need additional depositions.
17 The fact that a lot of depositions haven't been
18 taken in the front end reflects the normal course of
19 litigation if you're wanting to review the documents before
20 you take the depositions. And most of those documents are
21 documents that have been produced within the last several
22 months. There is no reason why the Court should not extend
23 the number of depositions since we are not extending the time
24 in which the depositions should be complete.
25 THE COURT: I am going to increase the number of
1 allowable depositions by 10 as to each side with this
2 requirement, that they are to be completed within the alotted
3 cut-off day. To the extent that they cannot be, they must be
4 foregone because we will not entertain any motion for an
5 extension of time to complete depositions.
6 Additionally, Mr. Marriott, I'm going to deny your
7 request for additional time with them and hold both sides to
8 the seven-hour requirement.
9 All right. Now, is there anything further of a
10 substantive nature that we need to address?
11 MR. MARRIOTT: None here, Your Honor.
12 MR. SINGER: None here, Your Honor.
13 THE COURT: All right. I think we need to talk
14 about the dates.
15 Mr. Marriott, with regard to the -- or
16 Mr. Shaugnessy, whoever's going to deal with this, with regard
17 to the 20 developers whose information you're going to
18 provide, how much time do you reasonably need to provide that?
19 MR. MARRIOTT: I think if we had 60 days, Your
20 Honor, we could do that. And if it is the people who are on
21 the list that we already have, it would be useful to know that
22 now because we could begin immediately on that.
23 MR. SINGER: Well, we'll need to look at the list
24 and see which 20, since that's the number which is provided,
25 the ones that are most significant.
1 THE COURT: What is the cut-off date for
3 MR. SINGER: Currently it is January 27th of 2006.
4 I should say, there are two dates. There's January 27th,
5 2006, for general fact discovery; there's an additional period
6 that runs to I believe March 17th for discovery relating to
7 each party's defenses. I think it's a little unclear to us,
8 Judge, what is encompassed and limiting to that period between
9 January 27th and March 17th.
10 THE COURT: All right. I'm going to just require
11 you to set your depositions for the people that may be
12 affected by this information before the cut-off deadline but
13 after IBM has been required to comply. And it will be 60 days
14 from today.
15 MR. MARRIOTT: If we can do it faster, Your Honor,
16 we will. I just want to make sure we don't promise a date we
17 can't deliver.
18 THE COURT: Now, additionally with regard to the
19 requirement that SCO renew the motion that is still pending,
20 let's set a date for that in December. And I'd say the second
21 week of December. Is there any conflict there?
22 MR. SINGER: None here.
23 MR. SHAUGHNESSY: I don't think so, Your Honor.
24 THE COURT: Ms. Pehrson?
25 (Discussion held off the record.)
1 THE COURT: We'll hear any outstanding motions,
2 then, including -- does IBM have a motion to compel that's
4 MR. MARRIOTT: We do, Your Honor. We have the
5 privilege of --
6 THE COURT: Well hear that, as well.
7 MR. NORMAND: Your Honor, Ed Normand for SCO.
8 Is it possible to do it later than the second week
9 in December?
10 (Discussion held off the record amongst court personnel.)
11 THE COURT: I'm reminded that I'm on the criminal
12 rotation calendar the week of the 5th and the following week.
13 So we're going to need to set it the week of the 19th.
14 Obviously people have plans around there. So let's set it
15 either on the 19th or 20th. Is that a problem?
16 MR. SINGER: No, Your Honor.
17 MR. SHAUGHNESSY: That's fine.
18 THE COURT: How about the 20th, then? Tuesday, the
19 20th, at 10 o'clock?
20 MR. NORMAND: That's fine, Your Honor.
21 MR. SINGER: That's fine.
22 THE COURT: All right. We're going to verify that.
23 We can access our calendar here.
24 MR. SINGER: Your Honor, may I raise one additional
25 issue with respect to --
1 THE COURT: Just a second. Does it relate to --
2 MR. SINGER: It relates to the point before this,
3 not the setting of the dates.
4 (Time lapse.)
5 THE CLERK: That hearing will be set for
6 December 20th at 10:00 a.m.
7 And that will be in what courtroom?
8 THE COURT: Our courtroom is just so small it's
9 hard to accommodate counsel, much less all of this. So we'll
10 leave a note upstairs. We'll make certain you know which
11 courtroom. We may possibly use this courtroom or
12 Judge Campbell's courtroom.
13 Mr. Singer?
14 MR. SINGER: Your Honor, there's one issue as we
15 think about the interaction of these different dates. If we
16 produce, just immediately produce the list of 20 developers
17 and they produce development information and that takes 60
18 days for IBM to produce, we're already somewhere deep probably
19 into December. That both leaves until January 27th, a limited
20 period of time for those depositions, and we also have the
21 interim order -- or not the interim order, but the final date
22 for disclosure of technology that is in December. We would
23 request that IBM seek to produce this information on a rolling
24 basis so that we can set some of these depositions earlier,
25 and that perhaps that would not require a full 60 days for
1 complete production.
2 MR. MARRIOTT: We're happy to try to do that, Your
4 THE COURT: All right. We'll include that,
5 Mr. Singer, in the order.
6 Counsel, may I see one counsel from each side at
7 the bench for just a moment, please, or two? It doesn't
9 (Discussion held off the record at the bench.)
10 THE COURT: At the bench, I've asked counsel for
11 IBM to prepare the order in this matter, or these matters, and
12 that proposed order will be reviewed as to form by SCO and
13 presented to me probably on Wednesday or no later than
14 Wednesday of next week for signature.
15 All right. Is there anything else we need to
16 address with regard to any matters this morning?
17 MR. MARRIOTT: None here, Your Honor.
18 THE COURT: All right.
19 MR. SINGER: No, Your Honor.
20 THE COURT: All right. Thank you. We'll be in
22 (Whereupon, the court proceedings were concluded.)