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IBM and PowerPC - Then and Now
Tuesday, December 07 2004 @ 01:32 PM EST

Here is a fascinating glimpse at some possible implications of the selloff of IBM's PC division, from Faultline:

IBM is effectively clearing out its unprofitable PC business, so that it can go into the PC chip business with its Power 5 chips. . . .There is no rule that says that the next generation of Linux desktops need to be powered by an Intel chip, and given the performance of the Power architecture, accelerating gently ahead of Intel’s single core chip capability, it is a natural contender for the de facto chip to power Linux, not just on servers, where it plays right now, nor just on Supercomputers, but down also on Workstations, PCs, and under the power of CE Linux, on consumer electronics devices, cheap internet access devices and even mobile phones.

In fact Intel is the last chip base that a fresh market, like China, would want to embrace, given that any devices made using Intel chips can also be used to run copies of Windows, legal or otherwise, and China wants to steer a wide course around Windows, and instead develop its own architectures. It is then perhaps no co-incidence that IBM announced the creation this week of Power.Org from an event in China, and that it is a Chinese company Lenovo that is leading the charge to buy IBM’s PC operations for some $2 billion or so. Perhaps the quid pro quo is that IBM’s Power chipset becomes the future Chinese server standard.

Speaking of PowerPC, take a look at what some Groklaw folks have found [PDF] [HTML], an article in Linux Magazine, dated 2000, just *before* the Caldera purchase of SCO (now Tarantella)'s Unix assets happened.

Most of the article focuses on the details of the buy, but I noted some very interesting paragraphs about Project Monterey, which make clear that Caldera knew prior to purchase of SCO's Unix assets that AIX5L was what Project Monterey had morphed into, that the L stood for Linux, and that it ran on PowerPC:

"Caldera is about to take over the core products of the traditional Unix producer, the Santa Cruz Operation, better known as SCO. The Unix systems owned by SCO, Openserver and Unixware, will continue to be supported for the time being, but will receive a Linux personality. SCO and Caldera employees and business partners first learnt of the details of the future strategy at the Forum 2000 in Santa Cruz.

"Mixed dowry.

"One of the most valuable parts of the business owned by SCO has nothing to do with technology. It is the SCO sales organisation developed over the years together with its extremely loyal world wide customer base. At any rate 38 percent of all worldwide installed Unix computers are said to run a SCO system. Development of business with new clients has to date, however, been less than satisfactory, especially following on from the Y2K problem, which has had its day as a means to increase turnover. As a result Caldera received in one fell swoop an incredible client base in comparison to all other Linux businesses. In order to capitalise on this certain marketing efforts are unavoidable. SCO is going on the assumption that the classic resale outlets are increasingly changing into application service providers (ASPs). These will be offered under the slogan “Open Internet Platform”, a solution-oriented approach, where one of the existing systems will be chosen as an alternative, Open Server, Linux, Unixware or else in future the 64 bit Unix AIX5L, which has been developed from the Monterey project. . . .

"The former Monterey project

"The development of a high performance 64-bit operating system for Intel's Itanium was (or is?) a joint project by IBM, Intel and SCO. The massive Linux initiatives by IBM were above all the reason why IT prophets found the future of Monterey a popular subject. Now at least something can be revealed : the system will be called AIX5L and will therefore appear as a successor to IBM's own Unix. IBM will be the first to derive the main benefits from it, since the only architecture available at the moment, on which AIX5L can be installed is based on the PowerPC. Furthermore, the L in the new name stands for Linux (no joke). IBM is therefore making it very clear to all on the outside that this system, produced with such immense expenditure on development, is really only a temporary solution until Linux is 'enterprise ready'. As a result, it was difficult for many SCO managers and developers to maintain the required aplomb and to predict a great future for AIX5L. Since IBM has provided the main expenditure for the development, it is obviously a case of: he who pays the piper calls the tune."

Remember SCO, the current Caldera/SCO iteration, telling us that they had no idea IBM had any interest in Linux? That they were blindsided? And how about their claim that IBM had no right to use Project Monterey materials on PowerPC? This article makes it clear that they not only knew, they apparently knew prior to the deal being finally consummated. Groklaw earlier traced their knowledge back to 2001, but this new find shows that they knew back in 2000. The date the decision to do the deal was announced was August 2, 2000, and SCOForum was that same month. The article we found was all about what was announced at SCOForum. So by the time Caldera bought the assets, all the things they are now suddenly complaining about had already occurred, not to Caldera, but to Santa Cruz Operation, and Caldera knew. The whole world knew. If they had any complaints, would that not have been the time to express them? Or even to decide not to do the deal after all? Just thought you'd like to know. Here's the complete press release announcing the deal (keep in mind that there was a later deal as well, which you can trace in the SEC filings):

From: Connect Public Relations
To: "''"
Subject: Caldera Acquires SCO
Date: Wed, 2 Aug 2000 05:22:38 -0600



OREM, UT--August 2, 2000--Caldera Systems, Inc., (Nasdaq: CALD), a "Linux for Business" leader and The Santa Cruz Operation, Inc., (SCO) (Nasdaq: SCOC), the world's leading provider of UNIX operating systems, today announced that Caldera Systems has entered into an agreement to acquire the SCO Server Software Division and the Professional Services Division. The Professional Services Division will operate as a separate business unit of Caldera, to provide services to meet the Internet and eBusiness infrastructure needs of customers.

The new company will offer the industry's first comprehensive Open Internet Platform (OIP) combining Linux and UNIX server solutions and services globally. The OIP provides commercial customers and developers with a single platform that can scale from the thinnest of clients to the clustering needs of the largest data center.

The Open Internet Platform combines the robust scalability of the UNIX system with the low-cost, developer-accepted Linux operating system. The products, solutions, and services developed for the Open Internet Platform will be available through more than 15,000 partners worldwide.

Details of the Agreement

Caldera Systems, Inc. will form a new holding company, Caldera, Inc., to acquire assets from the SCO Server Software Division plus the SCO Professional Services Division, including a highly skilled workforce, products and channel resources. Caldera, Inc. will have exclusive distribution rights for the SCO OpenServer product line, and is fully committed to servicing and supporting the SCO OpenServer customer base.

SCO will receive 28% of Caldera, Inc., which is estimated to be an aggregate of approximately 17.54 million shares of Caldera stock (including approximately 2 million shares reserved for employee options assumed by Caldera for options currently held by SCO employees joining Caldera), and $7 million in cash. In conjunction with the acquisition, The Canopy Group, Inc., a major stockholder of Caldera Systems, Inc., has agreed to loan $18 million to SCO. SCO will retain its Tarantella Division, and the SCO OpenServer revenue stream and intellectual properties. Revenues for SCO OpenServer were $11.1 million in Q3 of FY2000. Net proceeds to SCO after expenses will be approximately 55% of future SCO OpenServer revenues. The investment banking firms of Chase H&Q and Broadview respectively, assisted SCO and Caldera Systems, Inc., in evaluting this acquisition.

Caldera, Inc. will be headquartered in Orem, Utah, with locations worldwide. The boards of directors of both companies have unanimously approved the acquisition which is subject to the approval of Caldera Systems, Inc. and The Santa Cruz Operation, Inc. stockholders, and regulatory agencies, as well as meeting certain other closing conditions. The companies anticipate closing the transaction during October, 2000.

Following the completion of the acquisition, Ransom Love, current president and CEO of Caldera Systems, Inc. will become CEO of Caldera, Inc., and David McCrabb, current president of the SCO Server Software Division, will become president and COO of Caldera, Inc. Jim Wilt, current president of the SCO Professional Services Division will become president of the newly formed Caldera Services Division. Doug Michels, president and CEO of The Santa Cruz Operation, Inc., will join the Caldera, Inc. board of directors. SCO will also appoint a second representative to the board of Caldera, Inc.

Industry Impact

"This acquisition is an industry-changing event that puts Caldera front and center as the answer to the enterprise question," said Ransom Love, President and CEO of Caldera Systems, Inc. "Caldera will further broaden and validate both the Linux and UNIX industries and communities, by providing open access to its unified Linux and UNIX technologies, and by offering support, training and professional services to customers worldwide. Caldera is fully committed to supporting and servicing the SCO OpenServer and UnixWare communities."

Together, technologies from Caldera Systems and the SCO Server Software and Professional Services Divisions will provide enterprise-class solutions with worldwide support and distribution infrastructure.

"The new company will be a very strong entity that we believe will compete successfully on a worldwide basis, "said David McCrabb, president of the SCO Server Software Division. "Caldera, Inc. will incorporate a worldwide network of sales and support offices, a strong commercial UNIX system business, and a rapidly growing open source company. This combination will be a force to contend with in the worldwide market for Internet solutions on high volume platforms."

"Businesses implementing eBusiness or other Internet based customer interaction systems will benefit greatly from the Open Internet Platform," said Jim Wilt, president of the SCO Professional Services Division. "Linux and UNIX technologies are cornerstones providing solutions to problems that businesses face every day."

"This transaction enables us to invest in the exciting growth opportunities we see for Tarantella," said Doug Michels, CEO of The Santa Cruz Operation, Inc. "This growth is fueled by increasing business use of the Internet, by the continued attractiveness of thin-client computing, and by the accelerating adoption of the Application Service Provider (ASP) business model."

Forum 2000

Caldera Systems will join SCO in hosting Forum 2000, to be held August 20-23, at the University of California, Santa Cruz. At the event, Caldera plans to unveil their updated product offering. For more information visit

Caldera and Open Source

Caldera Systems is a leader in -- and supporter of -- the Open Source movement. Please visit to download Caldera Systems' technologies that have been open-sourced-including but not limited to-LIZARD, Caldera Open Administration System (COAS), Webmin, OpenSLP, the NetWare Kernel File System (NKFS) and the OpenLinux 2.2 port for Sun's SPARC(tm) and UltraSPARC(tm)-based platforms.

Caldera Systems, Inc.

Caldera Systems, Inc. (Nasdaq: CALD) is a "Linux for eBusiness" technology leader in developing and marketing successful Linux-based business solutions, including its award-winning OpenLinux, NetWare for Linux, Linux technical training, certification and support-with free 30-day phone support and on-site consulting. Caldera OpenLearning Providers offer exceptional distribution-neutral Linux training and certification based on Linux Professional Institute (LPI) certification standards. Caldera Systems supports the open source community and is a leader in, and advocate of Linux Standard Base (LSB) and LPI.

Caldera, Inc. was co-founded in 1994 by Ransom Love. Caldera Systems, Inc. was founded by Ransom Love in 1998 to develop Linux-based business solutions. Based in Orem, UT, Caldera Systems has offices and 800+ resellers worldwide. For more information, see or in the US call 888-GO-Linux (888-465-4689).

About SCO

SCO is a global leader in server-based software for networked business computing. SCO is the world's number one provider of UNIX server operating systems, and the leading provider of network computing software that enables clients of all kinds -- including, PCs, graphical terminals, NCs, and other devices - to have webtop access to business-critical applications running on servers of all kinds.

SCO designed Tarantella web-enabling software, the world's first web-enabling software for network computing. SCO sells and supports its products through a worldwide network of distributors, resellers, systems integrators, and OEMs. For more information, see SCO's home page at:

Caldera is a registered trademark of Caldera Systems, Inc. All other products, services, companies, events and publications are trademarks, registered trademarks or servicemarks of their respective owners in the U.S. and/or other countries.

SCO, The Santa Cruz Operation, the SCO logo, the Tarantella logo, Tarantella, UnixWare, and SCO OpenServer are trademarks or registered trademarks of The Santa Cruz Operation, Inc. in the USA and other countries. UNIX is a registered trademark of The Open Group in the US and other countries. All other brand or product names are or may be trademarks of, and are used to identify products or services of, their respective owners.

LINUX is a registered trademark of Linus Torvalds.

Press Note:

Mr. Love and Mr. Michels will discuss the acquisition with the media on a conference call beginning at 1:30 p.m. EST. To participate in the call, please contact the press references listed below.

Forward Looking Statements

Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements under the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995: Information in this release that involves Caldera's, SCO's and, assuming the (Acquisition) of the SCO Server Software and Professional Services Divisions (the Acquisition) is completed, the combined companies' expectations, beliefs, hopes, plans, intentions or strategies regarding the future are forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties. These statements include statements about Caldera's, SCO's and the combined companies' strategies in the marketplace, their market positions and their relationships with customers.

All forward-looking statements included in this release are based upon information available to Caldera and SCO as of the date of the release, and neither Caldera, SCO nor the combined companies assume any obligation to update any such forward-looking statement. These statements are not guarantees of future performance and actual results could differ materially from current expectations. Factors that could cause or contribute to such differences include, but are not limited to 1) the potential disruption of Caldera's and SCO's businesses that might result from employee or customer uncertainty, and lack of focus following announcement of the Acquisition in connection with integrating the operations of Caldera and SCO; 2) product integration risk due to overlapping products and technologies; 3) the possibility that the transactions described herein might not be consummated; 4) the effects of the public announcement of the Acquisition on Caldera's and SCO's stock prices, their sales and operating results, their ability to attract and retain key personnel and the progress of certain of their development projects; 5) the risk that the announcement of the Acquisition could result in decisions by customers to defer purchases of products of Caldera or SCO; 6) the substantial charges to be incurred due to the Acquisition, primarily in the first and second quarters of the year; 7) the risk that redundancy in staffing and infrastructure could reduce efficiency and increase costs; 8) the difficulties of managing geographically dispersed operations; and 9) the risk that other benefits sought to be achieved by the Acquisition will not be achieved. These and other factors are risks associated with Caldera's and SCO's businesses that may affect their operating results and are discussed in SCO's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended September 30, 1999 filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC") on December 28, 1999 and Caldera's and SCO's quarterly reports on Form 10-Q filed with the SEC.

Additional Information and Where to Find It:

It is expected that Caldera will file a Registration Statement on SEC Form S-4 and Caldera and SCO will file a Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus with the SEC in connection with the Acquisition, and that Caldera and SCO will mail a Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus to stockholders of Caldera and SCO containing information about the Acquisition. Investors and security holders are urged to read the Registration Statement and the Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus carefully when they are available. The Registration Statement and the Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus will contain important information about Caldera, SCO, the Acquisition, the persons soliciting proxies relating to the Acquisition, their interests in the Acquisition, and related matters. Investors and security holders will be able to obtain free copies of these documents through the website maintained by the SEC at Free copies of the Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus and these other documents may also be obtained from Caldera by directing a request through the Investors Relations portion of Caldera's Web site at or by mail to Caldera Systems, Inc., 240 West Center Street, Orem, Utah 84057, attention: Investor Relations, telephone (801) 765-4999; or from SCO by directing a request through the Investors Relations portion of SCO's Web sit at or by mail to The Santa Cruz Operation, Inc., 425 Encinal Street, Santa Cruz, California 95061, attention: Investor Relations, telephone (831) 427-7399.

In addition to the Registration Statement and the Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus, Caldera and SCO file annual, quarterly and special reports, proxy statements and other information with the SEC. You may read and copy any reports, statements or other information filed by Caldera or SCO at the SEC public reference rooms at 450 Fifth Street, N.W., Washington, D.C. 20549 or at any of the SEC's other public reference rooms in New York, New York and Chicago, Illinois. Please call the SEC at 1-800-SEC-0330 for further information on the public reference rooms.

Caldera's and SCO's filings with the SEC are also available to the public from commercial document-retrieval services and at the Web site maintained by the SEC at

Participants in Solicitation: Caldera, its directors, executive officers and certain other members of management and employees may be soliciting proxies from Caldera stockholders in favor of the issuance of common stock in the Acquisition. Information concerning the participants in the solicitation is set forth in a Current Report on Form 8-K filed by Caldera on August 2, 2000.

[press contacts redacted]

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