To read comments to this article, go here
|$ echo 8/85 -- AT&T Made No Claim to Derivatives, Only to Software Developed by AT&T
Thursday, February 12 2004 @ 03:43 PM EST
Here is August 1985 $ echo newsletter Novell referred to and attached to its February
6, 2004 letter to SCO. The important information conveyed by this newsletter was a
change in the Software Agreement, specifically:
"Section 2.01 - The last sentence was added to assure licensees
that AT&T will claim no ownership in the software that they
developed -- only the portion of the software developed by AT&T."
I also note these:
"Section 2.01(a) - First sentence revised to clarify licensee's
obligations to satisfy U.S. Government export requirements."
"Section 3.02 - Language deleted which allowed the termination
of the agreement by AT&T."
The original PDF is available from Novell's web site:
It is the second to last on the list, the second attachment to the Sequent letter of
Thanks, again, to Gerard ter Beke for transcribing.
UPDATE: Frank Hayes has a report on what it means:
In this issue:
* UNIX Expo 85
New Product Announcements
* MRD For UNIX System V, DWB
* Software Licenses
* Changes To Licensing Agreements
Related AT&T Computer Announcements
* AT&T Announces New Hardware, Software Products
* UNIX Software Advisor Column
$ echo is published for UNIX System V licensees by
AT&T Software Sales and Licensing.
P.O. Box 25000
Greensboro, North Carolina 27420
$ echo Newsletter
A message from the Editor:
$ echo is the newsletter published by the AT&T Software Sales and Licensing
organization for licensees of UNIX TM System V.
Licensees for UNIX Software products and services are located throughout
the world. Having a customer network this large poses a special problem
in establishing effective communication lines. This newsletter is designed to make
our organization more responsive to our customers' needs through a structured
information dissemination medium.
The purpose of $ echo is to reach all UNIX System V licensees through one
defined medium. It serves as a consistent channel of communication to our
licensees and keeps them abreast of any product announcements, policy
changes, company business and pricing structures.
Subscriptions may be purchased through the Software Sales and Licensing
Subscription Rate - $87 per year
Make checks payable to AT&T and send orders to:
$ echo Subscriptions
AT&T Software Sales and Licensing
P.O. Box 25000
Greensboro, North Carolina 27420
Any comments or questions regarding $ echo should be addressed to The
Editor, $ echo, AT&T, Software Sales and Licensing. P.O. Box 25000,
Greensboro, North Carolina 27420. Telephone: 1 -800-828-UNIX.
Other AT&T Software Sales Offices:
Nippon Press Center Bldg., 6th Floor
2-1, Uchisaiwai-cho. 2-chome
Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 100 Japan
1500 Don Mills Road, Ste. 500
Don Mills, Ontario
Canada M3B 3K4
AT&T Software Sales and Licensing
1090 East Duane
Sunnyvale, California 94086
UNIX Europe Limited
27A Carlton Drive
London, England SW15
SOFTWARE SALES AND LICENSING MOVES TO AT&T INFORMATION SYSTEMS
Effective July 1, 1985, Software Sales and Licensing, the organization responsible
for licensing UNIX TM operating systems and related software, was transferred
from AT&T Technologies to AT&T Information Systems.
Accordingly, payments made under current software and/or sublicensing
agreements should henceforth be made payable to AT&T Information Systems
Inc. and sent to:
AT&T INFORMATION SYSTEMS
P.O. Box 65080
Charlotte, North Carolina 28265
Correspondence regarding agreements should be sent to:
AT&T INFORMATION SYSTEMS
Software Sales and Licensing Organization
P.O. Box 25000
Greensboro, North Carolina 27420
The telephone number has remained the same: 1-800-828-UNIX. Customers
are urged to call if they have questions.
COME TO NEW YORK
AT&T will be exhibiting its hardware and software products at the UNIX
Expo in New York City September 18-20. Customers are encouraged to
stop by and get a "hands-on" demonstration of the UNIX PC.
AT&T will be showing the PC interface which allows non-UNIX PCs to
talk with AT&T 3B2s. AT&T will have the 3B2-400 and 3B2-300 XM all up
and running with application software.
Bill O'Shea, Executive Director, Software Systems, will deliver the keynote
address Wednesday, September 18, at 10:00 a.m.
Why not arrange to hear Bill O'Shea's talk Wednesday, visit the show floor,
and then attend one of AT&T's 20 tutorials. Titles range from "UNIX
Systems in an IBM Environment" to "using UNIX as a Sales Tool," and of
course the standards such as "Overview of UNIX Systems Internals."
AT&T hopes to see you there.
NEW PRODUCT ANNOUNCEMENTS
MRD OFFERED FOR UNIX SYSTEM V, DWB
Effective August 1 AT&T will offer Machine Readable Documentation
(MRD} for two source code products: UNIX System V, Release 2.0
Versions 1 & 2 and UNIX DOCUMENTER'S WORKBENCH TM Release 1.0
The MRDs will be offered as add-on products fur customers having a
software source license for the corresponding software products. This
will give them the ability to produce hardcopy and on-line documents
for internal use or for shipment with their product.
The text files and formatting macros provided with the MRD products are
structured to produce documentation identical to the hardcopy documents
shipped with the software products.
The MRD products are designed to meet specific needs of our OEM/VAR
source licensees. They are meant to be the source for the documents these
customers require for internal use as well as for customized documents for
Through a sublicensing arrangement the MRDs, either in original form or
as modified by the license, may also be passed on to authorized copiers or
distributors for final printing and distribution.
Prices for the MRD products are as follows:
UNIX System V, Release 2.0. DWB
First CPU $10,000 $ 4,000
Additional CPU 400 400
Update Fee 2,500 -
Sublicensing Fee 25,000 10,000
Per Copy Fee 7,500 3,000
UNIX SYSTEM CENTRAL TO AT&T COMPUTER STRATEGY
As a part of AT&T's June 24 anouncements, AT&T outlined its computer
strategy which has the UNIX System as a central element. Following is a
summary of the key points made in the strategy statement.
AT&T faces unique challenges as it traverses the unmapped, fiercely competitive,
and rapidly changing world of information movement and management.
Succeeding in that world requires a clear strategy, a blueprint that describes
in detail the steps we must take to get to where we want to go.
Customers have consistently said that technology itself is less important
than how it is used in the customer's individual situation. They have said,
in effect, that it is more important to do the right thing than to simply do
Computer Systems has developed a strategy to ensure that AT&T does the
right thing. That strategy has three guiding principles:
* To develop and provide systems based on communications and networking.
One of AT&T's proven strengths is its ability to make products that communicate
efficiently and easily with each other and -- more importantly -- with the people
who use them.
The company is also known for its ability to link highly complex technologies
into highly efficient networks.
Computer Systems believes that AT&T's heritage of communications and
networking is an invaluable legacy. It gives AT&T the unique ability to deliver
integrated, complete solutions to customersí information movement and
* To support existing standards. This is a recognition that there are technical
and other standards in the computer business -- some official, some de
facto -- that must be adhered to if AT&T is going to win the game. To do
otherwise serves neither the customers' interests nor our own.
* To protect the customer's investment. The company recognizes that customers
have huge investments in hardware, software, and the training required for both.
Customers are not about to throw it all away simply because AT&T says it has
something better. AT&T will introduce them to better technology, but in a way
that does not force them to scrap what they already have.
A critical element in all AT&T products is software. The AT&T Computer Software
Guide describes approximately 500 software packages in the current edition that
run on our computers. These represent only a small portion of the thousands of
programs that run on AT&T-compatibles. The items included in the Guide are only
those AT&T has evaluated and tested.
AT&T constantly seeks out high-quality applications software packages targeted
to specific customer sets. This enables it to offer not only excellent computer
products, but the software that enables those products to meet customers'
In addition, the UNIX system will continue to be central to AT&T software strategy.
It has an innate ability to facilitate communications among computers. And, the
UNIX system is portable. A customer can easily move expensive software applications
from one machine based on the UNIX System to another machine -- regardless of
either machine's manufacturer.
The alternative would be for the customer to scrap that software, and build
replacements from the ground up.
The UNIX system is the only commercially available operating system that
serves the entire range of romp computers -- from minis to mainframes.
It is also very flexible, with its multi-user, multi-tasking capability and civilized
The UNIX system is a key reason why AT&T is ìthe right choice in computers.
USE OF THE TRADEMARK UNIX
UNIX is an unregistered trademark of AT&T, used to identify its particular brand
of software. The trademark is used in conjunction with several timesharing operating
systems developed at AT&T Bell Laboratories and licensed by AT&T, and might be
used in the future on other kinds of software and products.
A trademark identifies the source of a product. Some trademark owners license
their trademarks for use by others. A product marked with such a trademark might
come from either the trademark owner or from one of its licensees. However, it is
AT&T's policy not to license parties outside the company to use the trademark UNIX
to identify their products. There are specific provisions in our software agreements for
UNIX operating systems on this point.
Notwithstanding this policy, anyone may use the trademark UNIX to refer to the
UNIX operating systems developed at AT&T Bell Laboratories. However, to protect
AT&T's interest in the trademark, we must ask that others use the trademark correctly.
Following are several comments on correct and incorrect use of the trademark. The
comments are organized in outline form for convenient reference.
A. Trademark Appearance
1. The trademark UNIX must always appear in a form that is typographically distinct.
2. The trademark UNIX must be clearly and legibly identified as a trademark of AT&T
at least once in any article, advertisement or document in which the trademark appears,
preferably the first time such trademark is used.
3. The trademark UNIX is an unregistered trademark of AT&T. It is incorrect to use the
symbol TM in connection with the trademark UNIX or to state that UNIX is a registered
trademark or service mark.
B. Outside Parties
1. Parties outside AT&T may not state or imply that they furnish UNIX operating systems
to others and may not use the trademark UNIX in the name of software that they furnish
to others. Even if such parties are licensed by AT&T to use UNIX operating systems or to
furnish object code derived from such operating systems to others, they are not licensed
to use the trademark to identify their product.
2. The trademark UNIX may not be used in the name of a publication, business or other organization (such as a user group).
C. Grammatical Usage
1. The trademark UNIX may not be used as a noun, but must always be used as an
adjective modifying a common noun as in "UNIX operating system."
2. The trademark UNIX must always be used to modify a common name for something
that is a product with which the trademark is used. For example, it is incorrect to refer
to "a UNIX USER," "UNIX terminals" or "UNIX support." Correct usage is "a user of UNIX
operating system," "terminal on a computer running a UNIX operating system" or
"support for UNIX operating system."
A way to check whether usage of the trademark is correct is to mentally insert the
word "Brand" between the trademark and the common name. "UNIX Brand operating
system" sounds reasonable but "UNIX Brand user" does not.
3. The trademark UNIX may not be used in a hyphenated expression such as
"UNIX-based" or "UNIX-like."
4. The trademark UNIX may not be combined with the trademark of another party
unless the independence of the trademark is clear.
D. Official Names
1. Reference to "the UNIX operating system" is inappropriate There are several UNIX
operating systems. For a collective term, use "UNIX operating system," if that is what
2. It is inappropriate to use the trademark UNIX in any Label (such as file name,
subroutine call or the like) in any software.
SOFTWARE AGREEMENTS OFFERED BY AT&T
AT&T offers several types of software agreements to commercial, educational,
administrative, and government customers, as well as support agreements to
all customers and sublicensing agreements to commercial and government clients.
These agreements are designed to protect AT&T's tradesecret and proprietary
interests in the technology and both AT&T's and the customer's investment,
The following is a definition and brief description of those agreements.
-- Commercial Software Agreement --
A commercial software agreement grants the rights to use an AT&T software
package for internal business purposes to an organization such as a commercial
entity, a government agency, or an educational institution. The terms include an
obligation to hold the software package in confidence and require payment of a
fee for each central processing unit on which the software is used. The use for
internal business purposes includes uses for research even where a third party
receives preferential access or rights to the fruits of such research.
-- Sublicensing Agreement --
A sublicensing agreement grants the rights to make binary copies of the
sublicensed products and to furnish copies, either directly or through distributors,
to customers for internal business purposes.
-- Educational Software Agreement --
An educational software agreement grants the rights to use an AT&T software
package for academic and educational purposes to a non-profit, post-secondary,
educational institution having an ongoing teaching and degree-granting program
in compliance with governmental regulations. The terms include an obligation to
hold the software package in confidence. They also require payment of a service
charge and require identification of usage on each central processing unit on which
the software is used. Uses for academic and educational purposes are uses directly
related to a teaching or degree granting program or uses for student or faculty
research. All other uses, such as commercial uses, administrative uses, or uses for
research where a third party receives rights or preferential access to the fruits of
such research, are not permitted.
-- Administrative Software Agreement --
An administrative software agreement grants the rights to use an AT&T software
package for administrative purposes to a non-profit, post-secondary, educational
institution having an ongoing teaching and degree-granting program in compliance
with governmental regulations. The terms include an obligation to hold the software
package in confidence. They require payment of a fee (lower than the fee applicable
under a commercial software agreement) for each central processing unit on which
the software package is used. Use for administrative purposes includes uses directly
related to the administration and operation of the educational institution, but excludes
commercial uses or uses for research where a third party receives preferential access
or rights to the fruits of such research.
-- Government Software Agreement --
A government software agreement is similar in terms to the commercial software
agreement which grants the rights to use an AT&T software package for internal business
purposes to an agency of the U.S. government. The terms include an obligation to hold the software package in confidence and require payment of a fee for each central processing
unit on which the software is used.
-- Support Agreement --
A support agreement grants the right to request maintenance services from AT&T.
AT&T MAKES CHANGES TO SOFTWARE AGREEMENTS
As discussed in the OEM/VAR Seminar in March, AT&T has made several significant
changes to the software agreements. In the interest of keeping licensees up to date,
the changes are listed here. Contact your Account Executive for information or
Changes To The Software Agreement
First page of agreement: change of name, corporate address and state of incorporation.
Previous agreement had 6 pages, now 8 pages.
Section 1.04 - Last sentence added to note that AT&T's software products available
under this license agreement may contain material prepared by other developers.
Section 2.01 - The last sentence was added to assure licensees that AT&T will claim
no ownership in the software that they developed -- only the portion of the software
developed by AT&T.
Section 2.02 . This section was added to permit the licensee to allow its contractors
to use the SOFTWARE PRODUCT subject to regulations in Section 2.02 of the agreement.
This section eliminates the need for the contractor's letters issued in the past.
Section 2.03 - Previously 2.02. No change.
Section 2.04 - Previously 2.03. -- "If required" was added to the last sentence. In the
past, all Supplements were required to be signed by licensee as well as AT&T. Certain
Supplements are now signed by AT&T only.
Section 2.05 - Previously 2.04. No change.
Section 2.06 - Previously 2.05. This section was changed to reflect the inclusion of
contractor provisions in the software agreement as well as any special provisions
that might be made between AT&T and licensee.
Section 4.01 - The last sentence was added to note that licensees are
responsible for obtaining the necessary export licenses.
Section 5.03 - The section referenced was changed from Section 7.11(a) to
Section 6.05 - Section reference in last sentence changed from Section 2.03
to Section 2.04.
Section 7.01 - No Change. Previously 7.02. Section 7.01 from previous
agreement deleted from this agreement.
Section 7.02 - Previously 7.03. This section was changed to give a 90-day
warranty on magnetic medium, and references materials provided by other
Section 7.03 - Previously 7.04. This section was revised to clarify use of
Section 7.04 Previously 7.05. First sentence changed to include "any other
Section 7.05(a) - Previously 7.06(a). This section was changed to include
Section 7.05(b) - Previously 7.06(b). This section was changed to include
instruction for verification of a recipient's license status. This information
was previously conveyed by letter.
Section 7.06 - Previously 7.07. Section reference changed from Section
7.06(a) to Section 7.05(a).
Section 7.07 - Previously 7.08. The last sentence was added to note that instructions
appearing in or on the Software Product may also appear in the Schedules for those
products. Reference section changed from Section 7.06(b) to Section 7.05(b).
Section 7.08 - Previously 7.09. No change.
Section 7.09 - Previously 7.10. No change.
Section 7.10 - Previously 7.11 Company name change only.
Section 7.11 - Previously 7.12. No change.
Section 7.12 - Previously 7.13. No change.
Changes To The Sublicensing Agreement
Page 1 - Name change only.
Section 2.01(a) - First sentence revised to clarify licensee's obligations to satisfy U.S.
Government export requirements.
Section 2.02 - Language added to clarify responsibilities of licensee when distributing
Section 2.04 - Revised to include Distributor.
Section 2.05(b) - Language added to include contractors provisions -- rights and
obligations under the agreement.
Sec ion 2.08(a) - Language added to state that instructions may appear in Schedules
for certain Software Products.
Section 2.09 - Previously 2.10. (Section 2.09 from previous agreement deleted) No
Section 3.01- "by AT&T-IS" added to last sentence.
Section 3.02 - Language deleted which allowed the termination of the agreement
Section 4.01(a) - This section was changed to note the procedure for payment
of initial per-copy sublicensing fees.
Section 4.01(b) - "amounts" changed to "a fee".
Section 5.02(a) - Changed to replace 30-day advance notice to the actual time
the licensee begins furnishing copies of a sublicensed product to customers.
Section 5.03 - Changed to show a late payment increase from 1% to 3%.
Section 6.02(a) - Name change.
Section 6.02(b) - Name and organization changed.
Section 6.03 - Previously 6.04. (Section 6.03 from previous agreement deleted.)
Section 6.04 - Previously 6.05. No change.
RELATED AT&T COMPUTER ANNOUNCEMENTS
AT&T ANNOUNCES NEW HARDWARE, SOFTWARE PRODUCTS
Continuing its move into the computer market, AT&T announced June 24
more than 70 new products that enable businesses to interconnect work groups
to form integrated data networks and then link those networks to centralized
data bases on mainframe computers.
AT&T's Computer Systems President James Edwards said that the new products
"form a communications mosaic that connects data and voice into networks that
run from centralized data processing centers down through departments to desktops.
This end-to-end connectivity of a company's computers enables customers to be
more productive and efficient as they build bridges among their islands of office
The key product groups AT&T announced are:
* A group of hardware and software products that enable customers to connect
their PCs, workstations, and minicomputers to their mainframes easily and
economically. When coupled with other AT&T network offerings such as
DATAPHONE II Network Management System, these new capabilities give
customers a wide range of networking and communications power.
* Two new members of its 3B family of computers -- the 3B2/400, a super
microcomputer for up to 25 simultaneous Users, and the 3B15, a super
minicomputer that supports up to 60 simultaneous users, both with floating
point capability. In addition, there are major enhancements to AT&T's existing
machines, the 3B2/3OO and the 3B5, and a more than 20 percent price
reduction on the 3B2/300. This expands the 3B product family and provides
AT&T customers with a logical, cost-effective path as their needs grow
* Applications software designed especially for specific customers such as
accountants and mortage companies. These packages provide savings for
customers who, until now, had to write their own software or do without.
* Software that enables customers to develop applications on their mainframes,
and then use those applications on their 3B systems at the department or work
Under the umbrella of Integrated Service Management, AT&T will offer customers
a range of customized service options including technical consulting, project
implementation and management and operations services. In addition, the company
has opened six new Customer Programming Service Centers to develop custom
Standard service offerings range from 24-hour-a-day maintenance hotline
support, backed up by locally-developed systems technicians, to a national
parts sales center from which do-it-yourself customers can order equipment
modules and parts for overnight shipment.
Edwards emphasized that the announcements are an integrated extension
of the workstation products and systems -- the AT&T UNIX PC, the enhanced
AT&T PC 6300, and the AT&T STARLAN Network -- introduced just three
months ago. "We are delivering on our commitments to our customers. We
are delivering... on our promise of compatibility and connectivity... on our
commitment to protect our customers' investment -- on our pledge of
outstanding service," he declared.
AT&T's UNIX System V operating system, which runs on the AT&T 3B computer
family, has a library of applications software that is growing steadily. The list
includes vertical packages to fill the special needs of a particular industry or a
specific type of business; horizontal packages such as spreadsheets and word
processing programs; and a comprehensive array of compilers, utilities and
Much of this UNIX software is developed by Independent Software Vendors (ISVs)
and Value Added Resellers (VARs).
The software developed by ISVs and VARs, as well as software developed by AT&T,
is listed in the recently issued AT&T Computer Software Guide (Reston Publishing,
$19.95) which is available at computer and software speciality stores, bookstores,
educational institutions and libraries.
The software for the 3B Computer family includes:
VERTICAL INDUSTRY SOFTWARE
* AT&T Supply Link (3B2)
* AT&T Mortgage Line (3B2)
* AT&T Gift Registry (3B2)
* AT&T GLOWS and AT&T GLOWS PM (3B2)
PROGRAMMING AND DEVELOPMENT
* UX-Basic (3B2, 3B5)
* RM-COBOL (3B2, 3B5)
* LEVEL II COBOL (3B2, 3B5)
* AT&T Business Accounting System (3B2, 3B5)
* AT&T Communications Management Control System (3B5)
* dBASE II (3B2, 3B5)
* AT&T INGRES (3B5)
* AT&T INGRES/CS (3B2)
* File-it! (3B2, 3B5)
* INFORMIX (3B2, 3B5)
* C-ISAM (3B2, 3B5)
* Microsoft Word (3B2, 3B5)
* CrystalWriter (3B2, 3B5)
* EDIX/WORDIX (3B2, 3B5)
* Multiplan (3B2, 3B5)
* UltraCalc (3B2, 3B5)
* AT&T V-VM (3B2, 3B5)
Customers may contact their AT&T Account Executive for detailed information
on pricing and availability.
THE UNIX SOFTWARE ADVISOR
Question: The Information on electronic mail to my Software Sales Account Executive
was incomplete in the last issue of $ echo. Would you please supply the additional
Answer: We apologize for our error. Here is the correct electronic mail address.
The "uucp" information for the gateway computer is:
attunix Any ACU 1200 l-201-522-6805
After this information is added to your L.sys. file, you can send mail to your AE
using the following command:
mail attunix!gcss20! - - - - -
(The blank spaces are for the recipient's login.)
Question: Are the new prices for COMMKITT TM Software Basic Networking Utilities
Answer: Yes. Here is a summary of those prices.
Commercial Educational Administrative
First $3,000 $ 400 $l,000
Addíl 1,000 400 1,000
Per Copy Sublicensing:
Max Users 2 8 16 32 64 >64
Price $20 $50 $75 $100 $125 S150
Question: Where may customers get Information on the UNIX PC and the
software to run on it?
Answer: Customers may call 1-800-247-1212 for information on the UNIX
PC and its software. This is also the number for inquires about the AT&T 3B
Question: What steps will AT&T take to make a driver development kit available?
Answer: We believe the correct approach is to give support to our commercial
source licensees to allow them to build and deliver System V driver writing kits
for their products. We do not believe AT&T should undertake the task of writing
and maintaining these tools, because they are extremely machine-dependent,
and the necessary expertise resides with each vendor.
Specific steps that we are taking are as follows;
1. We will grant permission to our source licensees to develop and distribute
the source code for sample device drivers for their products. These drivers will
not necessarily be in operational form, but will serve as models that could be
modified or extended for actual use.
2. We are immediately lifting any restrictions that might exist on the ability of
our source licensees to distribute certain files listed below as part of a binary
distribution. These files may be required on a binary system to configure and
install new drivers.
(Our schedules relating to UNIX System V have been modified to reflect
UNIX TM Software Product Line
UNIX System V, Release 2.0 AT&T 3B20 Version 4
UNIX System V, Release 2.0 VAX* 11/780 Version 2
UNIX System V/M68000, Release 1.LO
UNIX System V, Release 2.0 NSC32000 Version 1
UNIX System V, Release 2.0 AT&T 3B5 Version 2
UNIX Writer's Workbench TM Software
UNIX Instructional Workbench TM Software, Release 3.1.
UNIX Documenterës Workbench TM Software
COMMKIT TM SOFTWARE HYPERchannel** INTERFACE
COMMKIT TM SOFTWARE SYNCHRONOUS TERMINAL INTERFACE
COMMKIT TM SOFTWARE ETHERNET*** INTERFACE
UNIX System V COMMKIT TM Software Basic Networking Utilities 1.0
Languages and Programming Tools
UNIX System V Basic Interpreter
COBOL Syntax Checker
M68000 C Compilation System
UNIX PASCAL COMPILER
UNIX SYSTEM AT&T 3B2/3B5 C COMPILATION SYSTEM
5620 DMD Software Core Package, Release 1.2
5620 DMD Software Development Package, Release 1.2
5620 DMD Software Text Package, Release 1.2
C/370 C Compilation System
Device Independent TROFF
UNIX System V TEXT MANAGER, Release 1.0
UNIX System Toolchest
Machine Readable Documentation
UNIX SYSTEM V
* Trademark of Digital Equipment Corporation
** Trademark of Network Systems Corporation
*** Trademark of XEROX Corporation
All Rights Reserved
Printed in USA